Educator Preparation and Licensure

Policies and regulations governing the preparation and licensure of teachers and school leaders together provide a unified system of educational experience that leads to certification. Typically, program approval standards and licensure and certification requirements are based upon a single set of professional standards for uniformity and coherence.  

The Alabama State Board of Education oversees the Alabama teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to obtain an Alabama teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree, completed an Alabama approved teacher certification program, and received passing scored on the required assessments.

The Alabama State Board of Education evaluates and approves professional teacher preparation programs.

In order to renew certification, teachers must provide the necessary information and participate in professional development activities.

Alaska’s State Board of Education oversees the Alaska teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to obtain a teacher license in the state of Alaska, applicants must earn a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and pass required exams.

The Commissioner of Education or the Board of Education accepts the program.

For certification renewal, teachers must provide required information to the Department and complete professional development coursework.

The Arizona Board of Education oversees the Arizona teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Arizona, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree from an accredited program and prove knowledge on the Arizona Teacher Proficiency Assessment.

The State Board of Education approves preparation programs upon recommendation by the Department of Education.

In order for a teacher to renew their certificate, they must participate in professional development activities.

The Arkansas State Board of Education oversees the Arkansas teacher certification process.

In order to become a certified teacher in Arkansas, an applicant must earn a bachelor's degree, complete an accredited teacher preparation program, pass State Board approved assessments, and complete online professional development.

The Arkansas Department of Education mandates that all teachers have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree for initial licensure. Any educator preparation programs must reside in professional education units accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) and comply with state standards. All programs of higher education are subject to the standards and approval by the Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board.

The State Board will not renew teacher licenses without completion of professional development hours.

The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing oversees the California teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to be certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in California, an applicant must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, complete and approved teacher preparation program, and pass a required certification examination.

The Commission on Teacher Credentialing determines the standards for teacher preparation programs.

Professional development hours are not required to renew a certificate. Regulations surrounding educator certification are linked.

The Colorado State Board of Education oversees the Colorado teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to receive an initial teaching license in Colorado, an applicant must have earned a bachelor's degree, completed an approved teacher preparation program, and passed a state content assessment.

The Colorado Commission on Higher Education approves the educator preparation programs, and the Colorado State Board of Education approves program content.

Different requirements are necessary for each type of license: initial, professional, and master.

The State Board of Education grants teaching certificates in Connecticut.

In order to be eligible for a Connecticut teaching certificate an applicant must meet assessment, preparation and eligibility requirements.

The State Board of Education approves educator preparation programs after commissioner presents program evaluated by the appointed review committee.

The Delaware Board of Education approves rules and regulations for teacher certification after proposal from Standards Board.

In order to become a certified teacher in Delaware, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, complete a state approved teacher preparation program, and pass an content examination.

The Department of Education approves educator preparation programs in Delaware Institutions of Higher Education.

In order to renew a certificate teachers must complete 90 clock hours of professional development.

Teaching licenses/credentials issued by OSSE authorize the holder to serve in an instructional, school leadership or support personnel capacity in a District of Columbia public, private or public charter school. (Note: Public charter and private school teachers and administrators are not mandated by DC law to hold a state license; however, local education agencies (LEAs) may opt to require state licensure for employment).

In order to receive a basic teaching certificate, applicants must hold a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and passed the Praxis I and II exams.

The District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE) approves preparation programs.

Teachers are required to have accumulated 90 clock hours of professional development or completing six credit hours from a post-secondary institution, or a combination of both.

The Florida State Board of Education oversees the Florida teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become a certified teacher within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Florida, applicants must hold a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and pass a content examination. Other specific requirements for each type of certificate are listed.

The Florida State Board of Education sets forth the standards by which teacher preparation programs are assessed, and the State Department of Education approves said programs.

In order to renew a certificate, educators are required to accumulate 6 semester hours (or the equivalent) over the life of the license in order to renew a certificate.

The Georgia Professional Standards Commission, appointed by the Governor, oversees the Georgia teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

Georgia offers two types of renewable professional certificates: standard and performance-based. Each have different requirements.

The Professional Standards Commission approves teacher preparation programs.

For both types of Georgia professional teaching certificates, standard and performance-based, there are different requirements for licensure renewal.

The Guam Commission for Educator Certification oversees teacher certification.

In order to teach in Guam, applicants must earn a degree from a state approved preparation program, have at least a 2.7 GPA, and pass both the Praxis I and II.

The state agency responsible for educational personnel certification in which the program is provided oversees teacher preparation program approval.

In order for teachers in Guam to renew their certificate, applicants must complete professional development hours.

The Hawaii Teacher Standards Board oversees the Hawaii teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Hawaii, an applicant must complete a state approved teacher preparation program and demonstrate basic skills.

The State Board of Education is be responsible for approving teacher education programs that meet the standards established by the Hawaii Teacher Standards Board.

The State Board shall determine the criteria that shall be considered for renewal of a license or permit.

The Idaho Board of Education oversees the Idaho teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Idaho, an applicant must pass numerous assessments regarding pedagogy, literacy, and technology as well as endorsement specific requirements outlined in the policy.

The Idaho State Board of Education holds all authority in teacher preparation program approval.

In order for educators in Idaho to renew their certificate, they must complete a mathematics and literacy course.

The Illinois State Board of Education oversees teacher licensure in consultation with the State Educator Preparation and Licensure Board.

In order to become a certified teacher in Illinois, applicants must have a bachelor's degree, completed an approved teacher preparation program, have coursework regarding the exceptional child and literacy in the content area, as well as passed a content examination.

The Illinois State Board of Education oversees and adopts the rules for educator preparation programs.

Professional development hours are required in order to renew a teaching certificate.

The Indiana Department of Education oversees the Indiana teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Indiana, an applicant must show proficiency in content through an examination, receive a bachelor's degree, and complete an approved teacher preparation program.

The Indiana State Board of Education has the authority to approve teacher preparation programs.

Teachers must complete a professional growth plan that includes at least 90 growth experience points.

The Iowa Board of Educational Examiners oversees the Iowa teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a teacher in Iowa, applicants must hold a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and pass a content examination.

The Iowa State Board of Education approves teacher preparation programs.

Professional development is required for teachers in order to renew a certificate.

The Kansas State Board of Education oversees the licensing of teachers.

In Kansas, in order to be licensed, applicants must hold a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and pass the required pedagogical examination. Specific licensure requirements are listed under 91-1-203.

The Kansas State Board of Education accredits universities and their programs.

Teachers who already hold a license simply must reapply before the initial license expiration date. If not, other requirements apply that are outlined in 91-1-205.

The Kentucky Education Professional Standards Board oversees the Kentucky teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to obtain a Kentucky teaching license, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, completed an approved teacher preparation program, and passed a content specific examination.

The Education Professional Standards Board sets standards and approves teacher preparation programs.

Professional development is required for teachers in order to renew their certificate every 5 years.

The Louisiana State Board of Education adopts standards and oversees the teacher certification process.

In order to become a certified teacher in Louisiana, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, have completed an approved teacher preparation program, passed a content-specific examination, and meet all the content-specific requirements outlined in the policy.

The State Board of Education of Elementary and Secondary Education sets the standards for approval of teacher preparation programs.

Professional development is required for teachers renewing all types of certificates.

The Maine State Board of Education oversees the teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Maine, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, have completed an approved teacher preparation program, and pass a content examination.

The State Board of Education has the authority to set approval standards and approve educator preparation programs.

In order to renew a certificate, a teacher must complete at least 6 hours of professional study over 5 years.

The Mariana Islands Board of Education has authority over teacher certification.

In order to be certified in the Mariana Islands, applicants must have at least a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution and passed both the Praxis I and II.

In order for a license to be renewed, teachers must prove completion of Praxis exams.

The Maryland State Board of Education oversees the Maryland teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to obtain a Maryland teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree, completed a teacher preparation program from an accredited institution, and received passing scores on required assessments. All state licenses accepted.

The Maryland State Department of Education creates the standards required for teacher preparation program approval.

Professional development hours are only required for those that are renewing a license that have not been teaching for the past 5 years.

The Massachusetts State Board of Education adopts standards for the certification of teachers, and the State Department of Education grants the certificate.

In order to become a certified teacher in Massachusetts, an applicant must have a bachelor's degree, have completed an approved teacher preparation program, and passed content-knowledge examinations.

The Massachusetts State Board of Education establishes guidelines for program approval, and the Commissioner of Education approves the programs.

Educators renewing before July 1, 2016 must acquire at least 150 professional development points in order to renew the certificate. Further information is provided at the link.

The Superintendent of Public Instruction determines the requirements and issues certificates in Michigan.

In order to become a certified teacher in Michigan, an applicant must pass the basic skills and content-specific examinations.

The Superintendent of Public Instruction has the authority to continually approve programs according to R390.1151. The superintendent of public instruction shall approve programs in accordance with state board approved standards for teacher preparation. Programs may result in certificates and certificate endorsements issued on a teaching certificate. The State Board of Education approves standards and procedures for reviewing prospective teacher preparation institutions.

Professional development is required for teachers in order to renew a certificate.

In order to become a certified teacher in Minnesota, an applicant must earn a passing score on a board-adopted skills examination in reading, writing, and mathematics.

The Minnesota State Board of Teaching creates the standards by which preparation programs are assessed.

The Board of Teaching sets license renewal guidelines that must show evidence of successful teaching.

The Commission on Teacher and Administrator Education, Certification and Licensure and Development recommends standards for certification to the State Board of Education.

In order to become a certified teacher in Mississippi, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, pass both the Praxis I and II, and hold a 2.75 GPA in pre-program coursework.

The Mississippi State Board of Education approves program standards after proposal from the Commission on Teacher and Administrator Education, Certification and Licensure and Development.

In order to renew a teaching license, professional development activities must be completed.

The Missouri State Board of Education adopt guidelines and requirements for teacher licensure.

As listed in 5 CSR 20-400.150 Application for Certificate of License to Teach, applicants for a Missouri teaching certificate must hold a bachelor's degree, have at least a 2.5 GPA, and earn a passing score on the state certification examination.

The Missouri State Board of Education sets procedures for approval of teacher preparation programs.

Requirements for teacher certification vary depending on date of renewal.

The Montana State Board of Public Education oversees the Montana teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Montana, an applicant must have at least a bachelor's degree, completed a Montana teacher certification program, and completed a supervised teaching experience..

The Montana Board of Public Education oversees teacher preparation program accreditation.

Professional development or renewal activities are required for teacher certificate renewal.

Nebraska's State Board of Education oversees the Nebraska teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Nebraska, an applicant must hold at least a bachelor's degree, have completed an approved teacher preparation program, and have passed the required certification examination.

The Nebraska State Board of Education reserves sole authority over college program approval and certification.

In order to renew a certificate in Nebraska, teachers must complete an application form and have teaching experience.

The Commission on Professional Standards in Education oversees the Nevada teacher certification process and dictates the requirements needed in order to become certified within the state.

In order to obtain a Nevada teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree and received passing scores on required assessments. All state licenses are accepted but AR, CA, CO, DC, HI,IL, IA, MN, NY, and NC.

The Nevada State Board of Education has the authority to approve teacher preparation courses and programs.

Educators are required to have 6 credits of professional development to renew a license

The New Hampshire State Board of Education oversees the certification process of its state's teachers.

In order to obtain a New Hampshire teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree, completed of a New Hampshire teacher certification program, and received passing scores on the required assessments. All state licenses are accepted.

The New Hampshire State Board of Education has authority over teacher preparation programs.

Educators are required to get a minimum of 75 hours of professional development, and 30 additional hours for every additional endorsement they hold.

New Jersey's State Board of Education oversees the certification process of its state's teachers.

In order to become a certified teacher in New Jersey, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, hold a 3.0 GPA, and pass state certification tests.

New Jersey's three-tiered system, also includes program approval committees and a State Program Approval Council. 6A:9-10.1. All programs applying for approval must be regionally accredited.

Certificates of eligibility and certificates of eligibility with advanced standing are permanent certifications that do not require renewal. Nonetheless, teachers are still required to complete 20 hours of professional development annually.

New Mexico's Department of Public Instruction oversees teacher certification.

In order to become a certified teacher in New Mexico, an applicant must have specific educational coursework.

The New Mexico Public Education Department has authority over program standards

Teachers are not required to complete professional development courses, however, they must complete a professional development dossier

The New York State Board of Regents have final approval authority of certification regulations.

In order to become a certified teacher in New York, an applicant must be at least 18 years old and be a citizen of the United States. More specific details are listed at the site attached below.

The New York Commissioner of Education oversees teacher preparation programs in the state.

Educators with a professional certification must complete 175 hours of professional development every five years to keep the certificate valid.

The North Carolina State Board of Education oversees the entire certification process within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in North Carolina, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, attend an accredited institution with an approved teacher preparation program, and pass state certification examinations.

The North Carolina State Board of Education oversees the approval of teacher preparation programs.

Continuing education credits are required for certificate renewal in North Carolina.

The North Dakota Education Standards and Practice Board oversees the teacher certification process within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in North Dakota, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, complete a state approved teacher preparation program, hold a GPA of 2.5, and pass state examinations.

The Education Standards and Practices Board shall set the standards by which educator preparation programs are approved.

The Ohio State Board of Education oversees teacher licensure in the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in Ohio, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree and have attended an accredited preparation program.

The Chancellor of Higher Education and Superintendent of Public Instruction have the authority to set metrics for educator preparation programs.

Each educator is responsible for the design of an Individual Professional Development Plan, subject to the approval of the Local Professional Development Committee. The plan should be based on the needs of the educator, the students, the school and the school district, and be aligned with the professional educator standards adopted by the State Board of Education.

The Oklahoma State Board of Education has authority to oversee teacher certification.

In order to become a certified teacher in Oklahoma, an applicant must have completed an approved teacher preparation program, earned a bachelor's degree, and passed certification examinations.

With oversight of the Oklahoma State Board of Education, the Oklahoma Commission for Teacher Preparation has authority to approve teacher preparation programs.

Professional development is not required for the renewal of a license.

The Teacher Standards & Practices Commission oversees the certification process in Oregon.

In order to become a certified teacher in Oregon, an applicant must have completed an approved teacher preparation program from an accredited institution and pass required certification examinations.

The Teacher Standards and Practices Commission has the authority to establish standards for approval of teacher preparation programs.

In order to renew teaching licenses in Oregon, teachers must participate in professional development activities.

The Pennsylvania State Board of Education has final authority in teacher licensure after recommendations are made by the Professional Standards and Practices Commission.

In order to obtain a Pennsylvania teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree, completed a Pennsylvania approved teacher education program, and received passing scores on the required assessments. All state licenses are accepted except IA, MN, MO, SD, and WI.

The Pennsylvania State Board of Education sets standards for teacher preparation programs after recommendations from the Professional Standards and Practices Commission.

Educators in Pennsylvania must complete 180 hours of professional development in order to renew their license.

In order to be certified as a teacher, applicants must pass required exams, complete listed coursework, and be at least 18 years of age.

The Department of Education in Puerto Rico set standards and evaluates teacher preparation programs.

Professional development or contact hours are required for license renewal.

Rhode Island's Board of Regents for Elementary and Secondary Education issues teaching certificates.

In order to become a certified teacher in Rhode Island, an applicant must complete an approved teacher education program at an accredited institution and earn passing scores on content examinations.

The advisory board on teacher and administrative certification recommends standards for teacher preparation programs which are ultimately approved by the Board of Regents for Elementary and Secondary Education.

Certificate renewal in Rhode Island depends on previous educator evaluation scores.

The South Carolina State Board of Education has authority over teacher certification.

In order to become a certified teacher in South Carolina, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree from an institution with an approved teacher preparation program, pass required content examinations, and be at least 18 years old.

The South Carolina State Board of Education approves teacher preparation programs for accreditation.

In South Carolina, professional development is required for teachers in order to renew their certificate.

The South Dakota State Board of Education oversees the teacher certification process within the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in South Dakota, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and pass state certification examinations.

The South Dakota State Board of Education establishes the standards for teacher preparation programs.

In order to renew a certificate, teachers must complete six credits of professional development.

The Tennessee State Board of Education has complete jurisdiction over educator licensure.

In order to be certified as a teacher, applicants must hold a bachelor's degree, pass required examinations, and complete an approved teacher preparation program.

The Tennessee State Board of Education assesses and approves educator preparation programs.

Professional development is required for teacher license renewal in Tennessee.

The Texas State Board for Educator Certification oversees the certification process as noted in Sec. 21.031.

In order to become a certified teacher in Texas, an applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, complete an approved teacher preparation program, and pass a certification examination.

The State Board for Educator Certification adopts the rules and standards by which teacher preparation programs are measured as noted in Sec. 21. 044.

Professional education is required for teachers in order to renew their license.

The Utah State Board of Education oversees the teacher certification process for the state.

In order to obtain a Utah teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree, completed a Utah teacher certification program, and received passing scores on the required assessments. All state licenses accepted except AK, IA, MN, MO, SD, WI, and WY.

The Utah State Board of Education, under 53A-6-107, has authority over teacher preparation program approval.

A. An active educator license holder shall satisfy the final review and obtain the appropriate signatures regarding completion of the professional learning plan between January 1 and June 30 of the educator's assigned renewal year.
(1) A Level 2 or 3 educator license holder who has completed all additional requirements for renewal shall complete the online renewal provided by USOE between January 1 and June 30 of the educator's assigned renewal year.

The Vermont Standards Board for Professional Educators oversees teacher licensure.

In order to receive a certificate, applicants must hold a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution, show content knowledge, prove student teaching experience, and communicate effectively.

The Vermont Standards Board for Professional Educators sets standards and approves teacher preparation programs.

To renew the Level I endorsement(s) the educator must show:
1. Professional learning through completion of a minimum of three (3) credits or 45 hours in the endorsement area. At least one (1) credit or 15 hours must address the specific knowledge and performance standards of the endorsement(s) being renewed and must occur within the three (3) years preceding renewal of the Level I Educator License in each endorsement area.
2. If practicing in an endorsement area, documentation of a self-assessment in relation to the Core Teaching Standards and Progressions or the Core Leadership Standards.3) any required additional licenses or credentials specific to a particular endorsement.

The Virgin Islands Board of Education has full authority over teacher certification.

The Virgin Islands Board of Education has the authority to establish standards for preparation programs.

Teachers must complete a minimum of 12 semester hours in order to renew their certificate.

Virginia State Board of Education has full authority over teacher licensure.

In order to obtain a Virginia teaching license, an applicant must meet, but is not always limited to, the following requirements: must have at least a BA Degree, completed a Virginia approved education program, and received passing scores on the required assessments. All state licenses are accepted.

The Virginia State Board of Education has authority to set standards by which teacher preparation programs are approved.

Teachers must complete professional development activities in order to renew their certificate.

The Washington Professional Educator Standards Board establishes policies and guidelines for educator certification.

In order to become a certified teacher in Washington, an applicant must be at least 18 years old, have good moral character, pass the required assessments, and complete an approved teacher preparation program.

The Washington professional educator standards board shall:
(1) Establish policies and practices for the approval of programs of courses, requirements, and other activities leading to educator certification including teacher, school administrator, and educational staff associate certification;
(3) Establish a list of accredited institutions of higher education of this and other states whose graduates may be awarded educator certificates as teacher, school administrator, and educational staff associate and establish criteria and enter into agreements with other states to acquire reciprocal approval of educator preparation programs and certification, including teacher certification from the national board for professional teaching standards;

Teachers must acquire 150 approved clock hours of continuing education study and/or equivalent academic credit (15 quarter hours or 10 semester hours) must be completed every five years.

The West Virginia State's Board of Education oversees teacher certification for the state.

In order to become a certified teacher in West Virginia, an applicant must hold at least a bachelor's degree, pass the required tests, earn a specified GPA, and complete an approved teacher preparation program.

The West Virginia Board of Education has control over teacher preparation program approval after consultation with the Chancellor of Higher Education.

Educators must acquire six semester hours of credit in the five years immediately preceding the renewal of a license in order to renew it.

The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction oversees the teacher certification process.

In order to become a certified teacher in Wisconsin, an applicant must pass hold a bachelor's degree and complete an approved teacher preparation program at an accredited institution.

The Wisconsin State Superintendent adopts the rules by which teacher preparation programs are assessed.

All teachers in Wisconsin are to create a professional development plan approved by the state superintendent in order to renew their license.

The Professional Teaching Standards Board oversees the Wyoming teacher certification process.

In order to become a certified teacher in Wyoming, an applicant must have a bachelor's degree, pass examinations required for the specific endorsement area, and complete an approved preparation program.

The Professional Teachers Standards Board requires all educators to have completed an approved teacher preparation program in order to become licensed to teach in a Wyoming school district.

Wyoming requires teachers to complete professional development hours in order to renew their certificate.