Maryland - Firearms/Weapons on School Campuses: Prohibitions or Restrictions

Area: 
Prohibitions Or Restrictions
Policy Type: 
regulation; statute
Summary: 

State law complies with minimum requirements of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) and adds student supports and protections.

2017 Code of Maryland 13A.08.01.12-1 Bringing or Possessing a Firearm on School Property.

A. In this regulation, the following terms have the meanings indicated:

  • (1) "Alternative educational setting" means an alternative education program that allows the student to continue the student's education within the public school system and, if in a secondary school, the opportunity to earn credit.
  • (2) "Expulsion" means at a minimum the removal of a student from the student's regular school program.
  • (3) "Firearm" means a weapon as defined in 18 U.S.C. § 921.
  • (4) "School property" means buildings, land that surrounds the buildings, and vehicles, that are owned or leased by a local school system.
  • (5) "Year" means a calendar year of 12 months.

B. General Provisions.

  • (1) Except as provided in § B(2) of this regulation, if the local superintendent or designee finds that a student has brought a firearm onto school property or to a school-sponsored activity or has possessed a firearm on school property or at a school-sponsored activity, the student shall be expelled for a minimum of 1 year.
  • (2) The local superintendent may specify in writing, on a case-by-case basis, a shorter period of expulsion or an alternative educational setting, if alternative educational settings have been approved by the local board, for a student who has brought a firearm onto school property or to a school-sponsored activity or has possessed a firearm on school property or at a school-sponsored activity.
  • (3) Nothing in this regulation applies to a firearm:
    • (a) That is lawfully stored inside a locked vehicle on school property; or
    • (b) For activities approved and authorized by the local school system, if the local school system adopts appropriate safeguards to ensure student safety.

C. Students with Disabilities. An identified student with disabilities who brings a firearm onto school property or to a school-sponsored activity or who possesses a firearm on school property or at a school-sponsored activity may be suspended or expelled in accordance with the procedures set out in Education Article, § 7-305, Annotated Code of Maryland, and COMAR 13A.08.03.

D. Administrative Procedures.

  • (1) Annually by August 1, each local school system shall provide the State Board of Education with a report that includes:
    • (a) Written certification that the local school system is in compliance with the requirements of this regulation;
    • (b) A description of the circumstances surrounding any expulsions imposed under State law as required by § B(1) of this regulation;
    • (c) The number of incidents in which a student brought a firearm onto school property or to a school-sponsored activity or possessed a firearm on school property or at a school-sponsored activity;
    • (d) The name of the school where each incident took place;
    • (e) The type of firearm involved;
    • (f) The disposition of each case, including the number of students:
      • (i) Expelled from each school, and
      • (ii) Placed in alternative educational settings; and
    • (g) A description of alternative educational settings used in compliance with this regulation.
  • (2) Each local school system shall report each incident in which a student brings a firearm onto school property or to a school-sponsored activity or possesses a firearm on school property or at a school-sponsored activity to the appropriate juvenile justice or criminal enforcement agency.

2017 Maryland Code Education 7-305. Suspension and expulsion [Amendment subject to contingent abrogation]

(f)  Bringing a firearm onto school property. --

  • (1) In this subsection, "firearm" means a firearm as defined in 18 U.S.C. § 921.
  • (2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection, if the county superintendent or the superintendent's designated representative finds that a student has brought a firearm onto school property, the student shall be expelled for a minimum of 1 year.
  • (3) The county superintendent may specify, on a case by case basis, a shorter period of expulsion or an alternative educational setting, if alternative educational settings have been approved by the county board, for a student who has brought a firearm onto school property.
  • (4) The State Board shall adopt regulations to implement this subsection.
    General Assembly of Maryland
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