District of Columbia - School-based or School-linked Mental Health Services: Programs and Services

Area: 
Programs And Services
Policy Type: 
statute; regulation
Summary: 

State law encourages districts to establish school-based or school-linked mental health promotion and intervention programs.

D.C. Code 38–754.02. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:
(4) “Eligible services” means:

  • (B) Mental health prevention and treatment services that will be available to students and community residents;
  • (C) Academic-enrichment activities designed to promote a student’s cognitive development and provide opportunities to practice and apply academic skills;

District of Columbia Municipal Regulations 2413 SCHOOL-BASED HEALTH CENTERS

2413.1 The Chancellor may accept health services, including primary health, behavioral health, and oral health, from the Director of the Department of Health, the Director of the Department of Mental Health, or from a public or non-profit healthcare organization. The health services shall be provided to D.C. Public Schools students in a school setting in accordance with the provisions of this section, standards as established by the Department of Health, and an agreement concerning school-based health centers (SHCs) executed by the D.C. Public Schools (DCPS) and the healthcare organization.

2413.2 Health services provided to D.C. Public Schools pursuant to this section shall be provided to students in accordance with:

  • (a) The provisions of this section; and
  • (b) An agreement concerning SHCs executed by DCPS and the healthcare organization.

2413.3 Health services provided in a SHC located in DCPS shall be subject to the following limitations:


D.C. Code 2–1517.32. Early childhood and school-based behavioral health comprehensive plan.

(a) By March 30, 2013, the Mayor shall submit a comprehensive plan to the Council for the expansion of early childhood and school-based behavioral health programs and services by the 2016-2017 school year. At minimum, the plan shall:

  • (1) Establish a strategy to enhance behavioral health services in all public schools and public charter schools, including:
    • (A) The implementation of programs that:
      • (i) Include interventions for families of students with behavioral health needs;
      • (ii) Reduce aggressive and impulsive behavior; and
      • (iii) Promote social and emotional competency in students; and
    • (B) The expansion of school-based mental health services as follows:
      • (i) By the 2014-2015 school year, services are available to at least 50% of all public and public charter school students;
      • (ii) By the 2015-2016 school year, services are available to at least 75% of all public and public charter school students; and
      • (iii) By the 2016-2017 school year, services are available to all public and public charter school students;
  • (2) Include an analysis of whether current health education standards align with actual behavioral health needs of youth and any recommendations for proposed changes; and
  • (3) Provide recommendations for the expansion of behavioral health programs and services at child development facilities.

(b)

  • (1) The Mayor shall not alter the school-based behavioral health programs and services model for the 2017-2018 school year.
  • (2) There is established a Task Force on School Mental Health (“Task Force”) to steer the creation of a comprehensive plan to expand school-based behavioral health programs and services. The Task Force shall consist of the following:
    • (A) The Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services or his or her designee;
    • (B) The Deputy Mayor for Education or his or her designee;
    • (C) The Director of the Department of Behavioral Health or his or her designee;
    • (D) The State Superintendent of Education or his or her designee;
    • (E) A Department of Behavioral Health school mental health program clinician appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee on Health, in consultation with committee members;
    • (F) The Chairperson of the Committee on Health or his or her designee;
    • (G) The Chairperson of the Committee on Education or his or her designee;
    • (H) A Department of Behavioral Health school mental health program clinician appointed by the Mayor;
    • (I) A representative of a core service agency appointed by the Mayor;
    • (J) A non-core service agency school mental health provider appointed by the Mayor;
    • (K) A District of Columbia Public Schools representative appointed by the Mayor;
    • (L) A parent of a District of Columbia Public Schools student and a parent of a District of Columbia public charter school student appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee on Education, in consultation with committee members;
    • (M) A non-core service agency school mental health provider appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee on Education, in consultation with committee members;
    • (N) A District of Columbia public charter school representative appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee on Education, in consultation with committee members;
    • (O) A representative of a core service agency appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee on Health, in consultation with committee members; and
    • (P) A school mental health expert appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee on Health, in consultation with committee members, to co-chair the task force.
  • (3) The Task Force shall review the comprehensive plan submitted to the Committee on Health and the Committee on Education on May 9, 2017, by the Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services ("Deputy Mayor").
  • (4) No later than March 31, 2018, the Task Force shall provide a report to the Council and the Mayor that includes the following:
    • (A) An evaluation of the comprehensive plan submitted under paragraph (3) of this subsection, including the following:
      • (i) Any shortcomings or defects in the plan;
      • (ii) An analysis of healthcare provider interest in participating in the plan;
      • (iii) An analysis of healthcare provider capacity to participate in the plan; and
      • (iv) District of Columbia Public Schools and District of Columbia public charter schools interest in participating in the plan;
    • (B) An analysis of the school mental health programs and providers currently operating in District of Columbia Public Schools and District of Columbia public charter schools, including best practices;

D.C. Code 38–754.03. Administration of Community Schools Incentive Initiative.

(a) The Mayor shall establish and administer the multiyear Community Schools Incentive Initiative (“Incentive Initiative”) to award multiyear grants to incentivize the establishment of no fewer than 5 new community schools within one year of June 19, 2012, with priority given to schools that have:

  • (1) A focus on mental health prevention and treatment services;
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