Louisiana - School-based or School-linked Mental Health Services: Programs and Services

Programs And Services
Policy Type: 

State law encourages districts to establish school-based or school-linked mental health promotion and intervention programs.

Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:416.17 Youth development and assistance programs.

B.  A school may, upon approval of its governing authority, develop and offer youth development and assistance programs that employ violence prevention and intervention initiatives for students in kindergarten and the elementary grades. Such programs shall provide for early identification of and support for students who are at risk before their behavior escalates into aggression or disruption, disciplinary problems, or juvenile delinquency.

C. (1)  A youth development and assistance program may consist of age- or grade-appropriate alternative classrooms during school or special intervention or prevention programs before, after, or during the school day.

  • (2)  Such programs may include but shall not be limited to the following components:

    • (a)  Provision of services for students including behavioral training and intervention techniques that promote cooperation and enhance interpersonal and conflict resolution skills, peer mediation, anger management, bullying prevention, life skills training, mentoring, counseling, and tutoring programs that improve academic achievement.

    • (b)(i)  Provision of services which support the parents of students identified with behavioral needs that may need intervention or support. Such parent services may include literacy services or parental training.

      • (ii)  Required participation of any parent of a student so identified in such intervention at the school or other designated facility.
    • (c)  Collaboration with community-based organizations, including but not limited to youth services, civic, social services, mental health, volunteer services, and juvenile justice agencies.

D.  The provisions of this Section shall be implemented upon the approval of each city, parish, or other local public school board of any program submitted by a school and the availability of funds to a school for such purpose.

Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:252 School master plans for supporting student behavior and discipline.

A. (1)  The State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education, in collaboration with the Louisiana Juvenile Justice Planning and Coordination Board, shall formulate, develop, and recommend to the Juvenile Justice Reform Act Implementation Commission by March 1, 2004, a model master plan for improving behavior and discipline within schools.

  • (2)  The model master plan may include but need not be limited to guidelines for accomplishing the following:
    • (a)  Improving communication, coordination, and collaboration between the schools and juvenile justice agencies.
    • (b)  Improving safe school planning.
    • (c)  Revising school zero tolerance policies to ensure compliance with all applicable provisions of law to ensure that schools do not make inappropriate referrals to juvenile justice agencies.
    • (d)  Providing improved mental health services in or through the schools.
    • (e)  Providing better assistance to parents in knowing about and accessing family strengthening programs.
    • (f)  Improving the coordination of special education and juvenile justice services.
    • (g)  Improving classroom management using positive behavioral supports and other effective disciplinary tools.
    • (h)  Improving methods and procedures for the handling of school suspensions, the referral of students to alternative schools, and the use of seclusion and physical restraint in addressing challenging student behavior.
    • (i)  Providing for better and more useful reporting on an annual basis of school behavioral and disciplinary problems.

B.  Each city, parish, and other local public school board shall cause to be developed and shall submit by October 1, 2004, a master plan for each school under the board’s jurisdiction for improving behavior and discipline in each such school based on the model master plan developed and approved by the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education.

C.  The model master plan for improving behavior and discipline within the schools and the school master plans required of city, parish, and other local public school boards by this Section shall not prohibit a teacher from removing a pupil from the classroom for disciplinary reasons in accordance with the provisions of R.S. 17:416.

D. (1)  The school master plans required of city, parish, and other local public school boards by this Section shall make provision for pre-service and ongoing grade appropriate classroom management training for teachers, principals, and other appropriate school personnel regarding positive behavioral supports and reinforcement, conflict resolution, mediation, cultural competence, restorative practices, guidance and discipline, and adolescent development.

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