West Virginia - School Counseling—secondary grade levels (9-12): Programs and Services

Programs And Services
Policy Type: 
regulation; statute

State law requires the provision of school counseling or guidance services in secondary grade levels (9-12).

West Virginia Administrative Code 126-67-3. Comprehensive School Counseling Program Description.

  • 3.1. The CSCP is an integral part of the total school program and is aligned with the school's mission.  The CSCP is a proactive, systemic approach to assist students with the acquisition of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviors necessary to maximize student success and preparation for a variety of postsecondary options.  The CSCP provides universal prevention for all students, targeted interventions for at-risk students, and intensive interventions for the most at-risk students.  The CSCP is standards-based and designed to developmentally and sequentially address the WVSSS within each programmatic level.  The CSCP utilizes school and community data to identify student needs in relation to the CSCP and to set annual priorities for the WVSSS.  A certified school counselor, in collaboration with school and community stakeholders, will develop an Annual CSCP Plan in order to coordinate and implement a CSCP designed to address student needs.  The CSCP contains four distinct delivery systems.

West Virginia Code 18-5-18b. School counselors in public schools.

(a) A school counselor means a professional educator who holds a valid school counselor’s certificate in accordance with article three of this chapter.

(b) Each county board shall provide counseling services for each pupil enrolled in the public schools of the county.
West Virginia Legislature

West Virginia Administrative Code 126-67-5. Delivery Components of Comprehensive School Counseling Programs.

5.1.c. Responsive Services are provided when events and situations in students' lives or in the school climate and culture impedes student success.  Responsive services offer preventive activities and programs to address the identified needs of students in each school, as well as evidence-based interventions to address targeted student needs.  The services include working with at-risk students to provide the help and support needed to ensure grade level success.  Usually short-term in nature, responsive services include individual and small group counseling, academic and behavior intervention plans, crisis prevention and response, consultation with parents/guardians and other school staff, and referrals to school and community resources.  Some students may require an immediate and expert response to assist with an academic, emotional, or behavioral crisis.  In cases where students require ongoing support or therapy, the counselor makes appropriate referrals and works with families to secure appropriate resources within the school or community.  Schools identify who will coordinate and follow-up on each referral.  The school counselor collaborates with stakeholders to create a school-wide, prevention-based approach to individual and school crises and has a crisis plan in place to address the mental health component of common school-wide crises.  The school crisis team educates other stakeholders to assist with school-wide crisis preparedness, prevention, intervention, and response, outlining responsibilities and best practices in the school crisis planning and response.

West Virginia Administrative Code 126-67-5. Delivery Components of Comprehensive School Counseling Programs.

5.1.d. Student Supports consists of a systemic, coordinated approach of developing and implementing programs and activities within the school and community aimed at supporting the success of all students.  High quality education programs provide well-designed student support systems, ensuring that the learning environment is safe and supportive and that the academic, social and emotional, and career development needs of students are identified and addressed.  The school counselor collaborates with stakeholders to ensure school-wide coordination of the CSCP and other student support programs.  Schools design and identify programs and resources that address identified student needs and enhance the success of each child.  Additionally, students and families may seek support to address their unique academic, career and personal-social needs.

Policy Links: