West Virginia - Family Engagement in Local Governance: Stakeholders

Policy Type: 
regulation; statute

State law requires parent or family member representation on school governance councils or in school improvement planning efforts.

West Virginia Administrative Code 126-11A-5. Expectations for Local School Improvement Councils: Desired Outcomes and Results

  • 5.2. Each LSIC shall operate from a concise and targeted action agenda that guides them in accomplishing and realizing their goals. The action agenda can be used to encourage collaboration with other school and community groups (e.g., PTA, PTO, boosters, faith-based community, civic groups) to achieve measurable outcomes.
    • 5.2.a. The LSIC shall utilize data: student achievement, discipline, parent, student, staff and community surveys, the school's strategic plan, and other pertinent data to drive their action agenda.
    • 5.2.b. The action agenda shall include high yield strategies that result in measureable school growth, improved student achievement, and innovation. These strategies shall foster the following guiding principles:
      • 5.2.b.1. Providing a respectful, inclusive school community that welcomes all parents, families, community members and businesses to participate in all students' education.
      • 5.2.b.2. Using many different modes of communication, including 21st century technology tools, to interact with parents and the broader community about education issues and ensuring parents, families, business and community members are encouraged to communicate with the school.
      • 5.2.b.3. Developing more effective forms of school-to-home and home-to-school communications with all families each year about school programs and their children's progress.
      • 5.2.b.4. Working together to support families' parenting skills and activities that prepare young children for school and promote ongoing achievement.
      • 5.2.b.5. Providing information and ideas to parents and families about how to establish home environments to support children as students such as reading with children, engaging them in educational activities, helping them with homework and other curricular-related activities, decisions and planning.
      • 5.2.b.6. Providing educational opportunities for educators about current research, model programs and best practices for engaging parents, families, and community members in improving student achievement.
      • 5.2.b.7. Developing student leadership and student voice and celebrating successes of students to encourage student achievement.
      • 5.2.b.8. Having high expectations for parents, families and community members to become partners in education to support school improvement and student success.
      • 5.2.b.9. Involving businesses to enhance educational opportunities, career development, and experiential learning.
      • 5.2.b.10. Collaborating with the community to connect students, families, and staff to expanded learning opportunities, community services, and civic participation. Ultimately strengthening school programs, family practices, and student learning and development.

West Virginia Code 18-5A-2. Local school improvement councils; election.

(a)  A local school improvement council shall be established at every school consisting of the following:

  • (1)  The principal, who serves as an ex officio member of the council and is entitled to vote;
  • (2)  Three teachers elected by the faculty senate of the school;
  • (3)  One bus operator who transports students enrolled at the school and one school service person, each elected by the school service personnel employed at the school;
  • (4)  Three parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) of students enrolled at the school elected by the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) members of the school's parent teacher organization. If there is no parent teacher organization, the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) members shall be elected by the parent(s), guardian(s) or custodian(s) of students enrolled at the school in such manner as may be determined by the principal;
  • (5)  Two at-large members appointed by the principal, one of whom resides in the school's attendance area and one of whom represents business or industry, neither of whom is eligible for membership under any of the other elected classes of members;
  • (6)  In the case of vocational-technical schools, the vocational director. If there is no vocational director, then the principal may appoint no more than two additional representatives, one of whom represents business and one of whom represents industry;
  • (7)  In the case of a school with students in grade seven or higher, the student body president or other student in grade seven or higher elected by the student body in those grades.

(b)  Under no circumstances may more than one parent member of the council be then employed at that school in any capacity.
West Virginia Legislature

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