Colorado - HE K-12 curriculum—comprehensive sexual HE (ES): Curricula

Policy Type: 
statute; standard

State law addresses comprehensive sexual health education.

C.R.S. 22-25-103

(4) "High-risk behaviors" means actions by children and adolescents which present a danger to their physical or mental health or which may impede their ability to lead healthy and productive lives. "High-risk behaviors" includes, but is not limited to, dropping out of school, incest and other sexual activity with adults, sexual activity by school aged children, physical and mental abuse, violence, and use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs.

C.R.S. 22-1-128

(6) Except as described in subsection (9) of this section, a school district, board of cooperative services, charter school, or institute charter school that offers a planned curriculum related to comprehensive human sexuality education must, in offering such a curriculum, maintain established requirements for the comprehensive human sexuality curriculum. These requirements must:

  • (a) Encourage parental involvement and family communication;
  • (b) Include medically accurate information about methods to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS, and the link between human papillomavirus and cancer. Methods shall include information about the correct and consistent use of abstinence, contraception, condoms, and other barrier methods.
  • (c) Include instruction to help students develop skills for making responsible and healthy decisions about human sexuality, personal power, boundary setting, developing safe and healthy relationships, and resisting peer pressure, including how to avoid:
    • (I) Making unwanted verbal, physical, and sexual advances; and
    • (II) Making assumptions about a person's supposed sexual intentions based on that person's appearance;
  • (d) Include discussions and information on how to recognize and respond safely and effectively in situations where sexual or physical violence may be occurring or where there may be a risk for these behaviors to occur;
  • (e) Include discussion of how alcohol and drug use impairs responsible and healthy decision-making;
  • (f) Be comprehensive, age-appropriate, evidence-based, culturally sensitive, inclusive of a positive youth development framework, and medically accurate;
  • (g) Provide instruction about the health benefits and potential side effects of using contraceptives and barrier methods to prevent pregnancy, including instruction regarding emergency contraception and the availability of contraceptive methods; and
  • (h) For school districts that have established a character education program pursuant to section 22-29-103, promote the guidelines of behavior established in the character education program.

Comprehensive Health Health & Physical Education

2. Physical and Personal Wellness (Shared Standard)
Includes physical activity, healthy eating, and sexual health and teaches lifelong habits and patterns for a fit, healthy, and optimal childhood and adulthood; examines society, media, family, and peer influence on wellness choices; practices decision-making and communication skills for personal responsibility for wellness; and identifies the consequences of physical inactivity, unhealthy eating, and early sexual activity. Includes health promotion and disease prevention, and teaches responsibility and skills for personal health habits as well as behavior and disease prevention; sets personal goals for optimal health; examines common chronic and infectious diseases and causes; and recognizes the physical, mental, and social dimensions of personal health.
Source: Colorado Department of Education

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