Utah - HE K-12 curriculum—mental and emotional health (HS): Curricula

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State law addresses mental and emotional health.

Utah State Office of Education: Secondary Health Core Curriculum

By the end of secondary health education instruction, students will be able to:

  1. Describe methods to promote, enhance, and maintain physical and emotional health.
  2. Understand concepts related to disease prevention.
  3. Practice health-enhancing and risk-reducing behaviors.
  4. Demonstrate ways to develop positive relationships with others.
  5. Understand the mental, emotional, social, and physical changes that occur throughout the lifecycle.
  6. Understand, appreciate, and accept individual differences in people.
  7. Understand the physical and emotional aspects of human sexuality, the value of abstinence, the dangers of sexually transmitted diseases, and the importance of respecting the sexuality of others.

Utah State Office of Education: Secondary Health Core Curriculum

Health Education II (9th or 10th Grade)

Standard 1: Students will demonstrate knowledge, skills, and strategies related to mental and emotional health to enhance self-concept and relationships with others.

Objective 1: Develop strategies for a healthy self-concept.

  • a. Recognize how personal self-concept relates to interactions with others.
  • b. Analyze the influence of personal values on individual health practices.
  • c. Determine how adolescent brain development affects self-concept and social interactions.
  • d. Use decision making skills to solve problems.
  • e. Create personal goal-setting strategies to promote a healthy lifestyle.

Objective 2: Identify strategies that enhance mental and emotional health.

  • a. Identify positive ways to express emotions.
  • b. Explore the risk and protective factors of mental and emotional health.
  • c. Analyze how societal norms, cultural differences, personal beliefs, and media impact choices, behavior, and relationships.
  • d. Apply stress management techniques.
  • e. Discuss strategies for suicide prevention.

Objective 3: Examine mental illness.

  • a. Review types of mental disorders.
  • b. Explain the effects of mental disorders on individuals and society.
  • c. Describe ways to eliminate the stigma associated with mental illness.
  • d. Investigate school and community mental health resources.

Objective 4: Create and maintain healthy relationships.

  • a. Review components of healthy relationships.
  • b. Develop and practice effective communication skills.
  • c. Explore methods of managing inappropriate or harmful comments and advances from others (e.g., bullying, cyber-bullying, peer pressure, sexual harassment).

Utah State Office of Education: Secondary Health Core Curriculum

Health Education II (9th or 10th Grade)

Standard 6: Students will demonstrate knowledge of human development, social skills, and strategies that encourage healthy relationships and healthy growth throughout life.

Objective 1: Describe the physical, mental, social, and emotional changes that occur throughout the life cycle.

  • a. Review the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems.
  • b. Identify physical, mental, social, and emotional changes that occur from adolescence through late adulthood.
  • c. Explain genetic influences on growth and development.
  • d. Describe fertilization, fetal development, the birth process, and personal choices that may affect the fetus (e.g., nutrition, the use of alcohol, tobacco, other drugs).
  • e. Describe how the developing brain impacts choices and behaviors.

Objective 2: Describe the interrelationship of physical, mental, social, and emotional health.

  • a. Identify characteristics necessary for healthy relationships (e.g., communication, empathy, confidence, trust, mutual respect).
  • b. Describe how personal relationships evolve over time, focusing on changes in friendships, family, dating relationships, and marriage.
  • c. Develop and use effective communication skills including being able to discuss questions on sexuality with parents and/or guardians.
  • d. Develop strategies for preventing sexual harassment.
  • e. Identify people, resources, and services that may help with personal or relationship issues.

Objective 3: Establish guidelines that promote healthy and positive dating relationships.

  • a. Analyze how personal values impact dating behaviors.
  • b. Identify skills for maintaining healthy relationships, and discuss unhealthy behaviors in dating and other personal relationships (e.g., violence, coercion, selfishness, manipulation, aggression, drug use).
  • c. Demonstrate refusal skills as they apply to situations involving pressure to be sexually active, and identify alternative strategies that support the decision to abstain from sexual behavior.
  • d. Evaluate messages about sexuality from society, including the media, and identify how those messages affect attitudes and behaviors.
  • e. Explain how laws relate to relationships and sexual behavior.

Objective 4: Understand the importance of abstinence, the responsibilities related to sexual development, and the challenges associated with teen and/or unintended pregnancies.

  • a. Describe how sexual abstinence before marriage and fidelity after marriage contribute to overall wellness (e.g., physical, mental, social, emotional).
  • b. Analyze the responsibilities, joys, demands, and challenges of parenthood.
  • c. Identify means of prevention of early and/or unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (e.g., abstinence, disease prevention, contraception/condom use).
  • d. Identify adoption as an option for unintended pregnancy, and discuss the Newborn Safe Haven Law.
  • e. Explain the importance of an annual physical examination as well as breast and testicular self-examinations.
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