Utah - HE K-12 curriculum—personal health and wellness (HS): Curricula

Area: 
Curricula
Policy Type: 
statute; standard
Summary: 

State law addresses personal health and wellness.

Utah Code 53G-10-402. Instruction in health.

Part 4. Health Curriculum Requirements

(1) (a) The State Board of Education shall establish curriculum requirements under Section 53E-3-501, that include instruction in:

  • (i) community and personal health;
  • (ii) physiology;
  • (iii) personal hygiene; and
  • (iv) prevention of communicable disease.

(b) (i) That instruction shall stress:

  • (A) the importance of abstinence from all sexual activity before marriage and fidelity after marriage as methods for preventing certain communicable diseases; and
  • (B) personal skills that encourage individual choice of abstinence and fidelity.
    (ii) (A) At no time may instruction be provided, including responses to spontaneous questions raised by students, regarding any means or methods that facilitate or encourage the violation of any state or federal criminal law by a minor or an adult.
  • (B) Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) does not preclude an instructor from responding to a spontaneous question as long as the response is consistent with the provisions of this section.

Utah State Office of Education: Secondary Health Core Curriculum

By the end of secondary health education instruction, students will be able to:

  1. Describe methods to promote, enhance, and maintain physical and emotional health.
  2. Understand concepts related to disease prevention.
  3. Practice health-enhancing and risk-reducing behaviors.
  4. Demonstrate ways to develop positive relationships with others.
  5. Understand the mental, emotional, social, and physical changes that occur throughout the lifecycle.
  6. Understand, appreciate, and accept individual differences in people.
  7. Understand the physical and emotional aspects of human sexuality, the value of abstinence, the dangers of sexually transmitted diseases, and the importance of respecting the sexuality of others.

Utah State Office of Education: Secondary Health Core Curriculum

Health Education II (9th or 10th Grade)

Standard 5: Students will understand and summarize concepts related to health promotion and the prevention of communicable and non-communicable diseases.

Objective 1: Explain the transmission and prevention of communicable diseases.

  • a. Identify pathogens and how they are transmitted.
  • b. Describe symptoms of common communicable diseases.
  • c. Apply methods of prevention and treatment for communicable diseases (e.g., personal hygiene, immunization, balanced diet, exercise, rest, natural body defenses, abstinence from high risk behaviors).

Objective 2: Analyze the effects of non-communicable diseases.

  • a. Identify short and long term effects of common non-communicable diseases (e.g., allergies, asthma, arthritis, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes).
  • b. Describe medical diagnoses and treatment for non-communicable diseases.
  • c. Examine risk factors for common non-communicable diseases (e.g., environment, age, gender, family history, diet, body composition, risky behaviors).
  • d. Discuss risk reduction and prevention methods for common non-communicable diseases including breast and testicular self exams.

Objective 3: Analyze the impact of sexually transmitted diseases including human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on self and others.

  • a. Identify the pathogens and modes of transmission of common sexually transmitted diseases. Terms of a sensitive nature will be defined to help explain modes of transmission.
  • b. Recognize signs and symptoms of common sexually transmitted diseases (e.g., HIV/AIDS, chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis).
  • c. Discuss the advantages of abstinence over other methods in preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
  • d. Recognize the importance of early detection, testing and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases.

Objective 4: Analyze the impact of disease on self and society.

  • a. Explain economic, physical, mental, social, and emotional effects of communicable diseases.
  • b. Discuss economic, physical, mental, social, and emotional effects of non-communicable diseases.
  • c. Compare the cost of preventative measures with the treatment costs for communicable and non-communicable diseases.
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