Tennessee - Chronic Conditions—diabetes plan: Policy requirement

Area: 
Policy Or Plan Requirements
Policy Type: 
Statute
Summary: 

State law addresses diabetes plan.

Tennessee Code Annotated 49-50-1602. Assistance in self-administration of medications

(b) In addition to assistance with self-administration of medications provided for in subsection (a), school personnel who volunteer under no duress or pressure and who have been properly trained by a registered nurse employed or contracted by the LEA may administer glucagon in emergency situations and may administer daily insulin to a student based on that student's individual health plan (IHP). However, if a public school nurse is available and on site, the nurse shall provide this service to the student. The public school nurse may train as many school personnel as volunteer and are willing to assist with the care of students with diabetes but should seek to ensure at least two (2) volunteers are available. The nurse shall be under no duress to qualify any volunteer unless such volunteer is trained and deemed by the nurse to be competent. In addition, in order to reduce the number of syringes present in schools, the nurse may encourage the use of an insulin pen, when available and deemed medically appropriate by the student's treating physician. The public school nurse employed or contracted by the LEA shall be responsible for updating and maintaining each IHP. The department of health and the department of education shall jointly amend current Guidelines for Use of Health Care Professionals and Health Procedures in a School Setting to reflect the appropriate procedures for use by registered nurses in training volunteer school personnel to administer glucagon and insulin. The board of nursing shall be afforded the opportunity to review and comment on the guidelines before they take effect and any training begins. The guidelines developed shall be used uniformly by all LEAs that choose to allow volunteer school personnel to administer glucagon and insulin. Training pursuant to subdivision (d)(3) to administer glucagon and insulin shall be repeated annually and competencies shall be documented at least twice a year in the employee's personnel file. The provisions of subdivision (a)(3) regarding protection from liability shall apply also to the volunteers who provide services pursuant to this subsection (b) and the registered nurses who provide their training.


Tennessee Code Annotated 49-50-1602. Assistance in self-administration of medications

(d) (1) Notwithstanding any law, policy, or guideline to the contrary, a local board of education or a governing board for a nonpublic school may permit school personnel to volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes under the following conditions:

* **(A)** The student's parent or guardian and the student's personal health care team must have developed a medical management plan that lists the health services needed by the student at school and is signed by the student's physician, nurse practitioner or physician assistant;

* **(B)** The student's parent or guardian shall have given permission for the school's trained volunteer or school nurse to participate in the care of the student with diabetes. The written permission shall be kept in the student's school records.

* **(C)** Assistance in the care of students with diabetes must be documented in accordance with this subsection (d); and

* **(D)** The department of education and the department of health shall, after considering recommendations from national organizations involved with diabetes care, jointly amend current "Guidelines for Use of Health Care Professionals and Health Care Procedures in a School Setting" to reflect the appropriate procedures for use by the school registered nurse (RN) in training school personnel who volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes. The guidelines may not take effect and no training under the guidelines may take place until the board of nursing has been afforded an opportunity to review and comment on the guidelines. The guidelines must be used uniformly by all LEAs that choose to allow school personnel to volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes.

(2) The guidelines for assistance with the care of students with diabetes must include the following:

* **(A)** Guidelines for recognition, management and treatment of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia;

* **(B)** Guidelines for understanding the individual health plan (IHP) for a student with diabetes with regard to blood glucose level target ranges, schedules for meals and snacks and actions to be taken in the case of schedule disruption; and

* **(C)** Guidelines for performing blood glucose monitoring, ketone checking and recording the results and also for performing insulin and glucagon administration.

(3) All school nurses must be educated in diabetes care and must have knowledge of the guidelines. School personnel, who volunteer under no duress to assist with the care of students with diabetes, must receive training pursuant to the guidelines from a school RN. The school RN may use certified diabetes educators and licensed nutritionists to assist with the training. All training must be renewed on an annual basis and competency must be noted in the personnel file. No school personnel shall be required to volunteer for the training. School personnel may not be reprimanded, subject to any adverse employment action or punished in any manner for refusing to volunteer.


Tennessee Code Annotated 49-50-1602. Assistance in self-administration of medications

(d) (1) Notwithstanding any law, policy, or guideline to the contrary, a local board of education or a governing board for a nonpublic school may permit school personnel to volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes under the following conditions:

* **(A)** The student's parent or guardian and the student's personal health care team must have developed a medical management plan that lists the health services needed by the student at school and is signed by the student's physician, nurse practitioner or physician assistant;

* **(B)** The student's parent or guardian shall have given permission for the school's trained volunteer or school nurse to participate in the care of the student with diabetes. The written permission shall be kept in the student's school records.

* **(C)** Assistance in the care of students with diabetes must be documented in accordance with this subsection (d); and

* **(D)** The department of education and the department of health shall, after considering recommendations from national organizations involved with diabetes care, jointly amend current "Guidelines for Use of Health Care Professionals and Health Care Procedures in a School Setting" to reflect the appropriate procedures for use by the school registered nurse (RN) in training school personnel who volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes. The guidelines may not take effect and no training under the guidelines may take place until the board of nursing has been afforded an opportunity to review and comment on the guidelines. The guidelines must be used uniformly by all LEAs that choose to allow school personnel to volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes.

(2) The guidelines for assistance with the care of students with diabetes must include the following:

* **(A)** Guidelines for recognition, management and treatment of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia;

* **(B)** Guidelines for understanding the individual health plan (IHP) for a student with diabetes with regard to blood glucose level target ranges, schedules for meals and snacks and actions to be taken in the case of schedule disruption; and

* **(C)** Guidelines for performing blood glucose monitoring, ketone checking and recording the results and also for performing insulin and glucagon administration.

(3) All school nurses must be educated in diabetes care and must have knowledge of the guidelines. School personnel, who volunteer under no duress to assist with the care of students with diabetes, must receive training pursuant to the guidelines from a school RN. The school RN may use certified diabetes educators and licensed nutritionists to assist with the training. All training must be renewed on an annual basis and competency must be noted in the personnel file. No school personnel shall be required to volunteer for the training. School personnel may not be reprimanded, subject to any adverse employment action or punished in any manner for refusing to volunteer.

(4) If a school nurse is on-site and available to assist, the school nurse must provide any needed diabetes assistance rather than other trained school personnel volunteering to assist the student. In addition, a school RN has primary responsibility for maintaining all student health records.

(5) The following persons shall not be liable in any court of law for injury resulting from reasonable assistance with the care of students with diabetes if performed pursuant to the guidelines developed by the departments of health and education:

* **(A)** Any school RN who provides the training;

* **(B)** Any person who is trained and whose competency is indicated in the person's personnel file as required in subdivision (d)(3); and

* **(C)** Any local board of education or governing board for a nonpublic school that authorizes school personnel to volunteer to assist with the care of students with diabetes.

(6) The activities set forth in this subsection (d) shall not constitute the practice of professional nursing unless performed by an individual licensed by the board of nursing.

(7) Upon written request of the parent or guardian, and if included in the student's medical management plan and in the IHP, a student with diabetes shall be permitted to perform blood glucose checks, administer insulin, treat hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia and otherwise attend to the care and management of the student's diabetes in any area of the school or school grounds and at any school-related activity, and shall be permitted to possess on the student's person at all times all necessary diabetes monitoring and treatment supplies, including sharps. Any sharps involved in diabetes care and management for a student shall be stored in a secure but accessible location, including on the student's person, until use of the sharps is appropriate. Use and disposal of sharps shall be in compliance with the guidelines set forth by the Tennessee occupational safety and health administration (TOSHA).

(8) An LEA shall not assign a student with diabetes to a school other than the school for which the student is zoned or would otherwise regularly attend because the student has diabetes.

(9) School RNs who provide training to volunteers under this subsection (d) shall not be subject to any disciplinary or other adverse licensing action by the board of nursing for injury resulting from assistance with the care of students with diabetes if performed pursuant to the guidelines developed by the departments of health and education.

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