Michigan - Multi-hazard Practice Drills: Program Requirements

Area: 
Program Requirement
Policy Type: 
Statute
Summary: 

State law requires districts to implement multi-hazard practice drills (e.g., fire, lockdown, active shooter, or evacuation drills) andencourages or requires inter-agency coordination.

Michigan Compiled Laws 29.19 Fire drills in schools and dormitories

(2) Except as provided in subsection (3), a minimum of 8 fire drills is required for each school year. If weather conditions do not permit fire drills to be held at least once a month, then at least 5 fire drills shall be held in the fall of each year and 3 fire drills shall be held during the remaining part of the school year.

(3) A minimum of 5 fire drills is required for each school year for a school that operates any of grades kindergarten to 12. Three of the fire drills shall be held by December 1 of the school year, and 2 shall be held during the remaining part of the school year, with a reasonable spacing interval between each drill.

(4) A minimum of 2 tornado safety drills is required for each school year at the schools and facilities described in subsection (1). At least 1 of the tornado safety drills shall be conducted during March of the school year. These drills shall be conducted for the purpose of preventing injuries caused by severe weather.

(5) A minimum of 3 drills in which the occupants are restricted to the interior of the building and the building secured is required for each school year at a school that operates any of grades kindergarten to 12. At least 1 of these drills shall be conducted by December 1 of the school year, and at least 1 shall be conducted after January 1 of the school year, with a reasonable spacing interval between each drill. A drill conducted under this subsection shall include security measures that are appropriate to an emergency such as the release of a hazardous material or the presence of a potentially dangerous individual on or near the premises. The governing body of a school shall seek input from the administration of the school and local public safety officials on the nature of the drills to be conducted under this subsection.

(6) A school that operates any of grades kindergarten to 12 shall conduct at least 1 of the drills required by this section during a lunch or recess period, or at another time when a significant number of the students are gathered but not in the classroom.

(7) For a school that operates any of grades kindergarten to 12, the governing body of the school shall ensure that documentation of a completed school safety drill is posted on its website within 30 school days after the drill is completed and is maintained on the website for at least 3 years. For a school operated by a school district or intermediate school district, the documentation may be posted on the district website. The documentation posted on the website shall include at least all of the following:

  • (a) The name of the school.

  • (b) The school year of the drill.

  • (c) The date and time of the drill.

  • (d) The type of drill completed.

  • (e) The number of completed drills for that school year for each type of drill required under subsections (3) to (5).

  • (f) The signature of the school principal or his or her designee acknowledging the completion of the drill.

  • (g) The name of the individual in charge of conducting the drill, if other than the school principal.

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