New Jersey - Transportation Safety—safety equipment: Program Requirement

Area: 
Program Requirement
Policy Type: 
statute; regulation
Summary: 

State law addresses bus safety equipment by authorizing the use of either stop-arm cameras or the installation of school bus seat belts.

New Jersey Revised Statutes 39:3B-11 Seat belts, child restraint systems, wheelchair securement systems, use required; liability.

2.a. Beginning on September 1 of the second year next following the year of enactment of P.L.1992, c.92 (C.39:3B-10 et seq.), each passenger on a school bus which is equipped with seat belts shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened seat belt or other child restraint system that is in conformity with applicable federal standards at all times while the bus is in operation.

  • c. Nothing in this section shall make the owner or operator of a school bus liable for failure to properly adjust and fasten a seat belt or other child restraint system that is in conformity with applicable federal standards for a passenger who sustains injury as a direct result of the passenger’s failure to comply with the requirement established by this section.

New Jersey Revised Statutes 39:3B-10 School bus safety equipment required.

  1. In addition to the requirements in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 222 (49 CFR §571.222) concerning school bus passenger seating and crash protection, each school bus as defined in R.S. 39:1-1 shall be equipped with seats of a minimum seat back height of 28 inches, or 24 inches as measured from the seating reference point, and seat belts of the lap belt type for each seating position on the bus or other child restraint systems that are in conformity with applicable federal standards. The design and installation of seat belts or other child restraint systems that are in conformity with applicable federal standards shall conform to the regulations promulgated by the State Board of Education, in consultation with the Director of the Division of Motor Vehicles in the Department of Law and Public Safety. The State board shall promulgate regulations, pursuant to the "Administrative Procedure Act," P.L.1968, c.410 (C.52:14B-1 et seq.), for the design and installation of seat belts or other child restraint systems that are in conformity with applicable federal standards.

As used in this section, "seating reference point" shall be defined as the term is defined in 49 CFR §571.3.


New Jersey Administrative Code 13:20-50B.32 Seat belts for driver and passengers

(a) A Type 2 lap/shoulder belt shall be provided for the driver. The assembly shall be equipped with an emergency locking retractor for the continuous belt system. The lap portion of the belt system shall be guided or anchored where practical to prevent the driver from sliding sideways under the lap belt.
(b) The driver's seat belt shall have a button-type latch and the floor-anchored belt section shall be booted to keep the buckle within the driver's reach.
(c) Every school bus shall be equipped with passenger lap safety belts or lap and shoulder safety belts for each seat position that conform to FMVSS Nos. 208, 209, and 210 ( 49 CFR §§ 571.208, 571.209, and 571.210), incorporated herein by reference, as amended and supplemented. If safety belt floor installation is used, attachment hardware shall be designed to prevent attaching bolts and other parts from becoming inadvertently disengaged from the floor of the school bus.
(d) Every school bus shall be equipped with a seat belt cutter for use in an emergency. The seat belt cutter shall be designed to prevent injury during use. The seat belt cutter shall be sheathed and secured in a safe location in the driver's compartment.
Source: State of New Jersey Office of Administrative Law

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