New Jersey - Alternative Education for Expelled Students: Programs and Services

Area: 
Programs And Services
Policy Type: 
Regulation
Summary: 

State law requires districts to operate alternative school programs or to provide educational services to expelled students in an alternative setting.

New Jersey Administrative Code 6A:16-9.3 Student placements

(a) Student placement in an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-1.3 and 9.1(a) and (b), shall be made as follows:

    1. For the general education student, the district board of education shall make a determination of the student's risk for school failure and a decision regarding the student's placement in an alternative education program, at a minimum, based on the following:
      • i. The review of the student's academic, health and behavioral records, including the student's IPP, if one has been developed in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.2(a)3i through v, and the results of available testing, assessment or evaluation of the student;
      • ii. Consultation with and notice to the student's parent; and
      • iii. Information provided by the school-based multidisciplinary team responsible to provide intervention and referral services, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-8, or other multidisciplinary team, as appropriate.
  1. Decisions regarding the placement of the student with a disability in an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(a) and (b), shall be based on the recommendation of appropriate personnel in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:14.

  2. The district board of education shall provide mandatory placement for a student in an alternative education program for removal due to a firearms offense, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.5 or an assault with weapons offense, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.6.

    • i. If placement in an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(a) or (b), is not available in the instance of a mandatory student placement, the student shall be provided home or out-of-school instruction, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-10, until placement in an alternative education program is available.

New Jersey Administrative Code 6A:16-9.1 Establishment of alternative education programs

(a) Each district board of education choosing to operate an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-1.3, shall approve the alternative education program.

(b) Any alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-1.3, within a State agency, public college operated program or department-approved school shall be approved by the Commissioner of Education.

    1. The agency, pursuant to (b) above, shall submit an initial or renewal application, as appropriate, to the designated county office of education, in accordance with the format prescribed by the Commissioner of Education.
    1. Each alternative education program established by an agency, pursuant to (b) above, shall be separate and distinct from the already existing programs operated by these agencies.
    1. Annually, each agency, pursuant to (b) above, operating an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-1.3, shall obtain certificates of fire inspection and, if applicable, health, sewerage plant and health, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) inspections.
      • i. These certificates shall be maintained and available upon request for review by the Department of Education.

New Jersey Administrative Code 6A:16-9.2 Program criteria

(a) Each alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-1.3, shall fulfill the following program criteria for both high school and middle school programs, unless otherwise noted:

  1. A maximum student-teacher ratio of 12:1 for high school programs shall be maintained;

  2. A maximum student-teacher ratio of 10:1 for middle school programs shall be maintained;

  3. An Individualized Program Plan (IPP) shall be developed for each general education student enrolled in the program.

    • i. The IPP shall be developed by the school district in which the student is enrolled, in consultation with the student's parent and the receiving school district, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(a), or other agency, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(b), as appropriate.
    • ii. The IPP shall be developed by a multidisciplinary team of professionals with knowledge of the student's educational, behavioral, emotional, social and health needs.
    • iii. The IPP shall identify the appropriate instructional and support services for addressing the student's identified needs.
    • iv. The IPP shall be developed in accordance with the format prescribed by the Commissioner of Education and implemented within 30 calendar days of the student's placement in the alternative education program.
    • (1) The IPP may, but need not, be developed prior to the student's placement.
    • v. A multidisciplinary team shall review and, as appropriate, revise the IPP prior to the completion of the student's anticipated enrollment in the alternative education program or prior to the end of the school year, whichever occurs first.
    • (1) The multidisciplinary team shall review and revise the IPP, as needed, at any time during the student's enrollment in the alternative education program.
    • (2) The multidisciplinary team that reviews the IPP shall include staff from the sending school and the alternative education program who have knowledge of the student's educational, behavioral, emotional, social and health needs.
    • (3) The student's parent shall be advised of revisions to the IPP.
  4. For a student with a disability, the alternative education program shall be consistent with the student's Individualized Education Program (IEP), pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:14, Special Education.

  5. Individualized instruction to students shall address the New Jersey Student Learning Standards, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:8-3.1;

  6. Instructional staff shall be appropriately certified, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:9-3.3;

  7. Compliance with attendance policies, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.8 and 6A:32-8.3, shall be required;

  8. Academic instruction sufficient to fulfill graduation requirements, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:8-5.1, shall be provided to high school students;

  9. Comprehensive support services and programs shall address each student's health, social and emotional development and behavior;

  10. Case management services including, but not limited to, monitoring and evaluating student progress and coordinating instructional and support services, pursuant to (a)5, 8, and 9 above, shall be provided;

  11. Services to facilitate the transition of students returning to the general or special education program shall be provided; and

  12. A minimum student enrollment period of not less than two complete marking periods shall be required.

    • i. If the student is enrolled with less than two complete marking periods remaining prior to the end of the school year, the decision regarding continued placement in the alternative education program shall be made in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.3(a).
    • ii. If the student is removed from the general education program and placed in an alternative education program as a result of a firearm or assault with a weapon offense, the chief school administrator may modify the term of removal or placement on a case-by-case basis, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.5(b)1 and 5.6(b)1.
    • iii. For the student with a disability, the enrollment period shall be determined by appropriate school personnel in accordance with the provisions of N.J.A.C. 6A:14, Special Education, and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1400 et seq.

New Jersey Administrative Code 6A:16-9.3 Student placements

(a) Student placement in an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-1.3 and 9.1(a) and (b), shall be made as follows:

    1. For the general education student, the district board of education shall make a determination of the student's risk for school failure and a decision regarding the student's placement in an alternative education program, at a minimum, based on the following:
      • i. The review of the student's academic, health and behavioral records, including the student's IPP, if one has been developed in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.2(a)3i through v, and the results of available testing, assessment or evaluation of the student;
      • ii. Consultation with and notice to the student's parent; and
      • iii. Information provided by the school-based multidisciplinary team responsible to provide intervention and referral services, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-8, or other multidisciplinary team, as appropriate.
    1. Decisions regarding the placement of the student with a disability in an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(a) and (b), shall be based on the recommendation of appropriate personnel in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:14.
    1. The district board of education shall provide mandatory placement for a student in an alternative education program for removal due to a firearms offense, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.5 or an assault with weapons offense, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.6.
      • i. If placement in an alternative education program, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(a) or (b), is not available in the instance of a mandatory student placement, the student shall be provided home or out-of-school instruction, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-10, until placement in an alternative education program is available.
      • ii. For the student with a disability, placement in an alternative education program for a firearm offense or an assault with a weapon offense shall occur only upon a determination by appropriate school personnel to place the student in accordance with the provisions of N.J.A.C. 6A:14, Special Education Programs and the Individuals with Disabilities Act of 2004, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1400 et seq.

(b) If a district board of education places a student in an alternative education program approved by another district board of education, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(a)1, or another approved agency, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.1(b), the district board of education of the sending school district shall be responsible for ensuring compliance with the requirements of this subchapter.

(c) Decisions regarding continued placement in an alternative education program or a change to a student's placement shall be made as follows:

    1. For the general education student returning to the general education program, the continued placement decision shall be made in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.2(a)11, as appropriate, and (a)1 above.
    1. For a student with disabilities, the continued placement decision shall be made in accordance with N.J.A.C. 6A:16-9.2(a)11, as appropriate, (a)2 above, and N.J.A.C. 6A:14, Special Education.

New Jersey Administrative Code 6A:16-1.3 Definitions

"Alternative education program" means a comprehensive educational program designed to address the individual learning, behavior, and health needs of students who are not succeeding in the general education program or who have been mandated for removal from general education, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.5, 5.6 and, as appropriate, 5.7. The alternative education program shall provide a variety of approaches to meet the State-adopted standards, such as, through non-traditional programs, services, and methodologies to ensure curriculum and instruction are delivered in a way that enables students to demonstrate the knowledge and skills specified for all students in N.J.A.C. 6A:8.

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