Texas - Alternatives to Exclusionary Discipline: Programs and Services

Programs And Services
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State law encourages districts to use alternatives to out-of-school suspension or expulsion, such as, in-school suspension, behavioral interventions, or restorative practices.

Texas Statutes Education Code 37.0013 Positive Behavior Program

(a) Each school district and open-enrollment charter school may develop and implement a program, in consultation with campus behavior coordinators employed by the district or school and representatives of a regional education service center, that provides a disciplinary alternative for a student enrolled in a grade level below grade three who engages in conduct described by Section 37.005(a) and is not subject to Section 37.005(c). The program must:

  • (1) be age-appropriate and research-based;

  • (2) provide models for positive behavior;

  • (3) promote a positive school environment;

  • (4) provide alternative disciplinary courses of action that do not rely on the use of in-school suspension, out-of-school suspension, or placement in a disciplinary alternative education program to manage student behavior; and

  • (5) provide behavior management strategies, including:

    • (A) positive behavioral intervention and support;

    • (B) trauma-informed practices;

    • (C) social and emotional learning;

    • (D) a referral for services, as necessary; and

    • (E) restorative practices.

(b) Each school district and open-enrollment charter school may annually conduct training for staff employed by the district or school on the program adopted under Subsection (a).

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