Texas - Bullying Policy Definitions: Policy or Plan Requirements

Area: 
Policy Or Plan Requirements
Policy Type: 
Statute
Summary: 

State law requires districts to adopt anti-bullying policies addressing some U.S. Department of Education-recommended policy requirements.

Texas Statutes Education Code 37.0382 Bullying Prevention Policies and Procedures

(a) In this section:

  • (1) “Bullying”:

    • (A) means a single significant act or a pattern of acts by one or more students directed at another student that exploits an imbalance of power and involves engaging in written or verbal expression, expression through electronic means, or physical conduct that satisfies the applicability requirements provided by Subsection (a-1), and that:

      • (i) has the effect or will have the effect of physically harming a student, damaging a student’s property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of harm to the student’s person or of damage to the student’s property;

      • (ii) is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive enough that the action or threat creates an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment for a student;

      • (iii) materially and substantially disrupts the educational process or the orderly operation of a classroom or school; or

      • (iv) infringes on the rights of the victim at school; and

    • (B) includes cyberbullying.

  • (2) “Cyberbullying” means bullying that is done through the use of any electronic communication device, including through the use of a cellular or other type of telephone, a computer, a camera, electronic mail, instant messaging, text messaging, a social media application, an Internet website, or any other Internet-based communication tool.

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