Utah - Bullying Policy Definitions: Policy or Plan Requirements

Area: 
Policy Or Plan Requirements
Policy Type: 
statute; regulation
Summary: 

State law requires districts to adopt anti-bullying policies addressing some U.S. Department of Education-recommended policy requirements.

Utah Code 53G-9-605. Bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, abusive conduct, and retaliation policy.

(3) A policy shall include the following components:

  • (a) definitions of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and abusive conduct that are consistent with this chapter;
  • (b) language prohibiting bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and abusive conduct;
  • (c) language prohibiting retaliation against an individual who reports conduct that is prohibited under this chapter;
  • (d) language prohibiting making a false report of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, abusive conduct, or retaliation;

Utah Administrative Code R277-613-1. Definitions. [Repealed and revised as of 10/1/2018]

A. "Board" means the Utah State Board of Education.

B. "Bullying" means intentionally or knowingly committing an act that:

  • (1)(a) endangers the physical health or safety of a school employee or student;
    • (b) involves any brutality of a physical nature such as whipping, beating, branding, calisthenics, bruising, electric shocking, placing of a harmful substance on the body, or exposure to the elements;
    • (c) involves consumption of any food, liquor, drug, or other substance;
    • (d) involves other physical activity that endangers the physical health and safety of a school employee or student; or
    • (e) involves physically obstructing a school employee's or student's freedom to move; and
  • (2) is done for the purpose of placing a school employee or student in fear of:
    • (a) physical harm to the school employee or student; or
    • (b) harm to property of the school employee or student.
  • (3) The conduct described in R277-613-1B constitutes bullying, regardless of whether the person against whom the conduct is committed directed, consented to, or acquiesced in, the conduct.
  • (4) Bullying is commonly understood as aggressive behavior that:
    • (a) is intended to cause distress and harm;
    • (b) exists in a relationship in which there is an imbalance of power and strength; and
    • (c) is repeated over time.
      Utah Office of Administrative Rules

Utah Administrative Code R277-613-1. Definitions. [Repealed and revised as of 10/1/2018]

D. "Cyber-bullying" means using the Internet, a cell phone, or another device to send or post text, video, or an image with the intent or knowledge, or with reckless disregard, that the text, video, or image will hurt, embarrass, or threaten an individual, regardless of whether the individual directed, consented to, or acquiesced in the conduct, or voluntarily accessed the electronic communication.
Utah Office of Administrative Rules


Utah Code 53G-9-601. Definitions.

As used in this part:
(1) (a) "Abusive conduct" means verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a parent or student directed toward a school employee that, based on its severity, nature, and frequency of occurrence, a reasonable person would determine is intended to cause intimidation, humiliation, or unwarranted distress.

  • (b) A single act does not constitute abusive conduct.

(2) "Bullying" means a school employee or student intentionally committing a written, verbal, or physical act against a school employee or student that a reasonable person under the circumstances should know or reasonably foresee will have the effect of:

  • (a) causing physical or emotional harm to the school employee or student;
  • (b) causing damage to the school employee's or student's property;
  • (c) placing the school employee or student in reasonable fear of:
    • (i) harm to the school employee's or student's physical or emotional well-being; or
    • (ii) damage to the school employee's or student's property;
  • (d) creating a hostile, threatening, humiliating, or abusive educational environment due to:
    • (i) the pervasiveness, persistence, or severity of the actions; or
    • (ii) a power differential between the bully and the target; or
  • (e) substantially interfering with a student having a safe school environment that is necessary to facilitate educational performance, opportunities, or benefits.

Utah Code 53G-9-601. Definitions.

(4) "Cyber-bullying" means using the Internet, a cell phone, or another device to send or post text, video, or an image with the intent or knowledge, or with reckless disregard, that the text, video, or image will hurt, embarrass, or threaten an individual, regardless of whether the individual directed, consented to, or acquiesced in the conduct, or voluntarily accessed the electronic communication.

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