Maryland - Chronic Absenteeism Early Warning Systems: Programs and Services (S/D)

Area: 
Programs And Services
Policy Type: 
Statute
Summary: 

State law encourages or requires districts to address truancy or chronic absenteeism through the provision of comprehensive student support services.

2017 Maryland Code Education 7-302.2. Truant students.

(a)  "Truant student" defined. -- In this section, "truant student" means a student:

  • (1) Who is unlawfully absent from school for more than:
    • (i) 8 days in any quarter;
    • (ii) 15 days in any semester; or
    • (iii) 20 days in a school year; and
  • (2) Whose absences for purposes of item (1) of this subsection are unlawful absences as defined by regulation.

(b)  System of active intervention to be established. -- Each county board shall develop a system of active intervention for truant students.

(c)  Referrals; intervention. --

  • (1) Each truant student attending kindergarten through 12th grade shall immediately be referred to the county board's system of active intervention developed under this section.
  • (2) This section does not prohibit a county board from intervening in the case of a student who is frequently absent from school for both lawful and unlawful purposes, but is not a truant student.

2017 Maryland Code Education 7-302. Report of absences and maladjustment

(a)  Immediate report required. -- The principal or head teacher of each public or private school in this State shall report immediately to the county superintendent, the supervisor of pupil personnel, or any other official designated by the county superintendent the name of each child enrolled in his school who has been absent or irregular in attendance, without lawful excuse, or who shows evidence of maladjustment, so that the causes may be studied and solutions worked out.

(b)  Investigation; counseling; notice to Department of Juvenile Services. -- On receipt of a report from a principal or head teacher of a public school that a student has been habitually truant without lawful excuse, the appropriate representative of the school system:

  • (1) Shall initiate an investigation into the cause of the child's truancy;
  • (2) May provide counseling regarding the availability of social, health, and educational services; and
  • (3) Following the investigation or intervention:
    • (i) May notify the Department of Juvenile Services that the student has been habitually truant, without lawful excuse;
    • (ii) Shall notify the appropriate local department that the student has been habitually truant, without lawful excuse, if a court has given the notice authorized by § 3-819(b-1) of the Courts Article; and
    • (iii) Shall notify the Department of Juvenile Services that the student has been habitually truant, without lawful excuse, if a court has given the notice authorized by § 3-8A-19(d)(6) of the Courts Article.

(c)  Student information. -- The county superintendent, the superintendent's designee, or the supervisor of pupil personnel shall provide to the local education agency information regarding the number of students identified as being habitually truant.

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