Colorado - Limits on Referrals to Law Enforcement: Prohibitions or Restrictions

Area: 
Prohibitions Or Restrictions
Policy Type: 
Statute
Summary: 

State law authorizes districts to refer students to local law enforcement or does not address law enforcement reporting other than for federally-mandated reporting for selected offense types.

C.R.S. 22-32-109.1. Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal

(1) Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

  • (a) "Action taken" means a specific type of discipline, including but not limited to the following categories of discipline:

    • (I) In-school suspension;

    • (II) Out-of-school suspension;

    • (III) Classroom removal in accordance with board policy;

    • (IV) Expulsion;

    • (V) Referral to law enforcement; or

    • (VI) Any other form of discipline, which shall be officially identified as part of a board policy.


C.R.S. 22-32-109.1. Board of education - specific powers and duties - safe school plan - conduct and discipline code - safe school reporting requirements - school response framework - school resource officers - definitions - repeal

(1) (f) (I) "Referral to law enforcement" means a communication between a school administrator, teacher, or other school employee and law enforcement that:

  • (A) Is initiated by the school administrator, teacher, or other school employee; and

  • (B) Concerns behavior by a student that the school administrator, teacher, or other school employee believes may constitute a violation of the school conduct and discipline code or a criminal or delinquent offense and for which the school administrator, teacher, or other school employee requests an investigation or other involvement by law enforcement.

(II) "Referral to law enforcement" does not include:

  • (A) Contact with law enforcement that is made for the purpose of education, prevention, or intervention regarding a student's behavior;

  • (B) Routine or incidental communication between a school administrator, teacher, or other school employee and law enforcement; or

  • (C) Any incident or communication that is initiated by law enforcement.

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