State law requires community member representation on school governance councils or in school improvement planning efforts.
Code of Virginia § 22.1-253.13:6. Standard 6. Planning and public involvement.
B. Each local school board shall adopt a divisionwide comprehensive, unified, long-range plan based on data collection, an analysis of the data, and how the data will be utilized to improve classroom instruction and student achievement. The plan shall be developed with staff and community involvement and shall include, or be consistent with, all other divisionwide plans required by state and federal laws and regulations. Each local school board shall review the plan biennially and adopt any necessary revisions. Prior to the adoption of any divisionwide comprehensive plan or revisions thereto, each local school board shall post such plan or revisions on the division's Internet website if practicable, and, in any case, shall make a hard copy of the plan or revisions available for public inspection and copying and shall conduct at least one public hearing to solicit public comment on the divisionwide plan or revisions.
The divisionwide comprehensive plan shall include, but shall not be limited to, (i) the objectives of the school division, including strategies for first improving student achievement, particularly the achievement of educationally at-risk students, then maintaining high levels of student achievement; (ii) an assessment of the extent to which these objectives are being achieved; (iii) a forecast of enrollment changes; (iv) a plan for projecting and managing enrollment changes including consideration of the consolidation of schools to provide for a more comprehensive and effective delivery of instructional services to students and economies in school operations; (v) an evaluation of the appropriateness of establishing regional programs and services in cooperation with neighboring school divisions; (vi) a plan for implementing such regional programs and services when appropriate; (vii) a technology plan designed to integrate educational technology into the instructional programs of the school division, including the school division's career and technical education programs, consistent with, or as a part of, the comprehensive technology plan for Virginia adopted by the Board of Education; (viii) an assessment of the needs of the school division and evidence of community participation, including parental participation, in the development of the plan; (ix) any corrective action plan required pursuant to § 22.1-253.13:3; and (x) a plan for parent and family involvement to include building successful school and parent partnerships that shall be developed with staff and community involvement, including participation by parents.
Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.3. Parental responsibility and involvement requirements
B. A school board shall provide opportunities for parental and community involvement in every school in the school division.
Virginia Administrative Code 8 VAC20-180-10. School Improvement Plan.
Each school division shall involve the staff and community in revising and extending biennially a six-year school improvement plan. This plan shall be reviewed and approved by the local school board and submitted by January 15 of each odd-numbered year to the Superintendent of Public Instruction for approval in accordance with criteria of the Board of Education. The plan shall include:
- The objectives of the school division which can be measured by outcomes related to pupil performance, whenever possible;
- An assessment of the extent to which the objectives are being achieved, including evidence from follow-up studies of former students;
- Strategies for achieving the objectives of the school division; and
- Evidence of community participation in the development of the six-year plan.
A report shall be made by November 1 of each year to the local school board and to the public on the extent to which the measurable objectives of the preceding two school years were achieved. Deviations from the plan shall be explained.
Virginia Administrative Code 8VAC20-131-270. School and community communications.
A. Each school shall promote communication and foster mutual understanding with parents and the community. Each school shall:
- Involve parents, citizens, community agencies, and representatives from business and industry in developing, disseminating, and explaining the biennial school plan; on advisory committees; in curriculum studies; and in evaluating the educational program.