State law encourages districts to establish school-based or school-linked mental health promotion and intervention programs.
Minnesota Statutes 124D.231 Full-service community schools
Subd. 2. Full-service community school program.
- (g) Each school site receiving funding under this section must establish at least two of the following types of programming:
(4) mental and physical health:
(i) mentoring and other youth development programs, including peer mentoring and conflict mediation;
(ii) juvenile crime prevention and rehabilitation programs;
(iii) home visitation services by teachers and other professionals;
(iv) developmentally appropriate physical education;
(v) nutrition services;
(vi) primary health and dental care; and
(vii) mental health counseling services.
Minnesota Statutes 245.4901 School-Linked Mental Health Grants.
Subdivision 1. Establishment. — The commissioner of human services shall establish a school-linked mental health grant program to provide early identification and intervention for students with mental health needs and to build the capacity of schools to support students with mental health needs in the classroom.
Subd. 2. Eligible applicants. — An eligible applicant for school-linked mental health grants is an entity that is:
(1) certified under Minnesota Rules, parts 9520.0750 to 9520.0870;
(2) a community mental health center under section 256B.0625, subdivision 5;
(3) an Indian health service facility or a facility owned and operated by a tribe or tribal organization operating under United States Code, title 25, section 5321;
(4) a provider of children’s therapeutic services and supports as defined in section 256B.0943; or
(5) enrolled in medical assistance as a mental health or substance use disorder provider agency and employs at least two full-time equivalent mental health professionals qualified according to section 245I.16, subdivision 2, or two alcohol and drug counselors licensed or exempt from licensure under chapter 148F who are qualified to provide clinical services to children and families.
Subd. 3. Allowable grant activities and related expenses. (a) Allowable grant activities and related expenses may include but are not limited to:
(1) identifying and diagnosing mental health conditions of students;
(2) delivering mental health treatment and services to students and their families, including via telemedicine consistent with section 256B.0625, subdivision 3b;
(3) supporting families in meeting their child’s needs, including navigating health care, social service, and juvenile justice systems;
(4) providing transportation for students receiving school-linked mental health services when school is not in session;
(5) building the capacity of schools to meet the needs of students with mental health concerns, including school staff development activities for licensed and nonlicensed staff; and
(6) purchasing equipment, connection charges, on-site coordination, set-up fees, and site fees in order to deliver school-linked mental health services via telemedicine.
(b) Grantees shall obtain all available third-party reimbursement sources as a condition of receiving a grant. For purposes of this grant program, a third-party reimbursement source excludes a public school as defined in section 120A.20, subdivision 1. Grantees shall serve students regardless of health coverage status or ability to pay.
Subd. 4. Data collection and outcome measurement. — Grantees shall provide data to the commissioner for the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of the school-linked mental health grant program.
Minnesota Statutes 256.995 School-linked services for at-risk children and youth
Subdivision 1. Program established. In order to enhance the delivery of needed services to at-risk children and youth and maximize federal funds available for that purpose, the commissioners of human services and education shall design a statewide program of collaboration between providers of health and social services for children and local school districts, to be financed, to the greatest extent possible, from federal sources. The commissioners of health and public safety shall assist the commissioners of human services and education in designing the program.
Subd. 2. At-risk children and youth. The program shall target at-risk children and youth, defined as individuals, whether or not enrolled in school, who are under 21 years of age and who:
- (1) are school dropouts;
- (2) have failed in school;
- (3) have become pregnant;
- (4) are economically disadvantaged;
- (5) are children of drug or alcohol abusers;
- (6) are victims of physical, sexual, or psychological abuse;
- (7) have committed a violent or delinquent act;
- (8) have experienced mental health problems;
- (9) have attempted suicide;
- (10) have experienced long-term physical pain due to injury;
- (11) are at risk of becoming or have become drug or alcohol abusers or chemically dependent;
- (12) have experienced homelessness;
- (13) have been excluded or expelled from school under sections 121A.40 to 121A.56; or
- (14) have been adjudicated children in need of protection or services.
Subd. 3. Services. The program must be designed not to duplicate existing programs, but to enable schools to collaborate with county social service agencies and county health boards and with local public and private providers to assure that at-risk children and youth receive health care, mental health services, family drug and alcohol counseling, and needed social services. Screenings and referrals under this program shall not duplicate screenings under section 121A.17.
Subd. 4. Funding. The program must be designed to take advantage of available federal funding, including the following:
- (1) child welfare funds under United States Code, title 42, sections 620-628 (1988) and United States Code, title 42, sections 651-669 (1988);
- (2) funds available for health care and health care screening under medical assistance, United States Code, title 42, section 1396 (1988);
- (3) social services funds available under United States Code, title 42, section 1397 (1988);
- (4) children’s day care funds available under federal transition year child care, the Family Support Act, Public Law 100-485; federal at-risk child care program, Public Law 101-5081; and federal child care and development block grant, Public Law 101-5082; and
- (5) funds available for fighting drug abuse and chemical dependency in children and youth, including the following:
- (i) funds received by the Office of Drug Policy under the federal Anti-Drug Abuse Act and other federal programs;
- (ii) funds received by the commissioner of human services under the federal alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health block grant; and
- (iii) funds received by the commissioner of human services under the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act.