State law complies with minimum requirements of the federal Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA).
South Carolina Code of Laws 59-63-235 Expulsion of student determined to have brought firearm to school.
The district board must expel for no less than one year a student who is determined to have brought a firearm to a school or any setting under the jurisdiction of a local board of trustees. The expulsion must follow the procedures established pursuant to Section 59-63-240. The one-year expulsion is subject to modification by the district superintendent of education on a case-by-case basis. Students expelled pursuant to this section are not precluded from receiving educational services in an alternative setting. Each local board of trustees is to establish a policy which requires the student to be referred to the local county office of the Department of Juvenile Justice or its representative.
South Carolina Code of Laws 59-63-240 Expulsion for remainder of year; hearings
The board may expel for the remainder of the school year a pupil for any of the reasons listed in § 59-63-210. If procedures for expulsion are initiated, the parents or legal guardian of the pupil shall be notified in writing of the time and the place of a hearing either before the board or a person or committee designated by the board. At the hearing the parents or legal guardian shall have the right to legal counsel and to all other regular legal rights including the right to question all witnesses. If the hearing is held by any authority other than the board of trustees, the right to appeal the decision to the board is reserved to either party. The hearing shall take place within fifteen days of the written notification at a time and place designated by the board and a decision shall be rendered within ten days of the hearing. The pupil may be suspended from school and all school activities during the time of the expulsion procedures. The action of the board may be appealed to the proper court. The board may permanently expel any incorrigible pupil.
South Carolina Code of State Regulations 43-279. Minimum Standard of Student Conduct and Disciplinary Enforcement Procedures to be Implemented by Local School Districts.
C. Criminal Conduct-Level III
Criminal conduct is defined as those activities engaged in by student(s) which result in violence to oneself or another’s person or property or which pose a direct and serious threat to the safety of oneself or others in the school. When school officials have a reasonable belief that students have engaged in such actions, then these activities usually require administrative actions which result in the immediate removal of the student from the school, the intervention of the School Resource Officer or other law enforcement authorities, and/or action by the local school board. The provisions of this regulation apply not only to within-school activities, but also to student conduct on school bus transportation vehicles, and during other school-sponsored activities.
Acts of criminal conduct may include, but are not limited to: d. Possession, use, or transfer of dangerous weapons;
The basic enforcement procedures to be followed in instances of criminal conduct are:
- a. Upon observation or notification and verification of a criminal offense, the administrator shall contact the School Resource Officer or local law enforcement authorities immediately.
- b. An administrator shall notify the student’s parent or guardian as soon as possible.
- c. An administrator shall impose the appropriate disciplinary action. If warranted, the student shall be removed immediately from the school environment.
- d. Established due process procedures shall be followed when applicable.
- e. A complete record of the incident shall be maintained in accordance with district policy.
Possible sanctions to be applied in cases of criminal conduct may include, but are not limited to:
- a. Out-of-school suspension;
- b. Assignment to alternative schools;
- c. Expulsion;
- d. Restitution of property and damages, where appropriate, shall be sought by local school authorities;
- e. Other sanctions as approved by local school authorities.