State law requires parent or family member representation on school governance councils or in school improvement planning efforts.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.649. Achievement gaps — Data on student performance — Policy for reviewing academic performance — Student achievement targets — Reporting requirements — Review and revision of improvement plan.
(4) By February 1 of each year, the school-based decision making council, or the principal if there is not a council, with the involvement of parents, faculty, and staff shall set the school’s targets for eliminating any achievement gap and submit them to the superintendent for consideration. The superintendent and the school-based decision making council, or the principal if there is not a council, shall agree on the targets before they are submitted to the local board of education for adoption. (5) By January 1 of each year, the school council, or the principal if a school council does not exist, with the involvement of parents, faculty, and staff, shall review the data and revise the school improvement plan to include the targets, strategies, activities, and a time schedule calculated to eliminate the achievement gap among various groups of students to the extent it may exist.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 160.345 Required adoption of school councils for school-based decision making
(2) Each local board of education shall adopt a policy for implementing school-based decision making in the district which shall include, but not be limited to, a description of how the district’s policies, including those developed pursuant to KRS 160.340, have been amended to allow the professional staff members of a school to be involved in the decision making process as they work to meet educational goals established in KRS 158.645 and 158.6451. The policy may include a requirement that each school council make an annual report at a public meeting of the board describing the school’s progress in meeting the educational goals set forth in KRS 158.6451 and district goals established by the board. The policy shall also address and comply with the following:
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b)2. of this subsection, each participating school shall form a school council composed of two (2) parents, three (3) teachers, and the principal or administrator. The membership of the council may be increased, but it may only be increased proportionately. A parent representative on the council shall not be an employee or a relative of an employee of the school in which that parent serves, nor shall the parent representative be an employee or a relative of an employee in the district administrative offices. A parent representative shall not be a local board member or a board member’s spouse. None of the members shall have a conflict of interest pursuant to KRS Chapter 45A, except the salary paid to district employees;
- The teacher representatives shall be elected for one (1) year terms by a majority of the teachers. A teacher elected to a school council shall not be involuntarily transferred during his or her term of office. The parent representatives shall be elected for one (1) year terms. The parent members shall be elected by the parents of students preregistered to attend the school during the term of office in an election conducted by the parent and teacher organization of the school or, if none exists, the largest organization of parents formed for this purpose. A school council, once elected, may adopt a policy setting different terms of office for parent and teacher members subsequently elected. The principal shall be the chair of the school council.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 160.346. Definitions — Targeted and comprehensive support and improvement — Revised plans — Turnaround audit team — Review and report — Intervention process — Reimbursement of district — Exit criteria — Schools requiring rigorous support and action — District with significant number of targeted schools — Evidence of violation — Restoration of school's right to establish council.
- (a) When a school is identified for targeted support and improvement, the local school personnel, working with stakeholders, including the principal, other school leaders, teachers, and parents, shall revise its school improvement plan, which shall be subject to review and approval by the local board of education.
- (b) Each revised plan shall be informed by all available indicators, including student performance compared to long-term goals, and shall include:
- Components of turnaround leadership development and support;
- Identification of critical resource inequities;
- Evidence-based interventions; and
- Additional actions that address the causes of consistently underperforming subgroups of students.
- (c) If adequate performance progress, as defined by the department, is not made:
- By a school identified under subsection (2)(b) of this section, the local school district shall take additional action to assist and support the school in reaching performance goals; and
- By a school identified under subsection (2)(a) of this section, the school shall be identified for comprehensive support and improvement.