Georgia - HE K-12 curriculum—tobacco use (ES): Curricula
O.C.G.A. §20-2-142. Prescribed courses
(c) The State Board of Education shall prescribe a course of study in health and physical education for all grades and grade levels in the public schools and shall establish minimum time requirements and standards for its administration. The course shall include instruction concerning the impact of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use upon health. A manual setting out the details of such courses of study shall be prepared or approved by the State School Superintendent in cooperation with the Department of Public Health, the state board, and such expert advisers as they may choose. The Department of Education is directed to assemble or develop instructional resources and materials concerning alcohol and drug abuse, taking into consideration technological enhancements available for utilization of such instructional resources
O.C.G.A. §20-2-144. Mandatory instruction concerning alcohol and drug use
(a) Each local board of education shall prescribe mandatory instruction concerning alcohol and other drug use in every year in every grade from kindergarten through grade 12 as shall be determined by the State Board of Education. Such course of study shall implement the minimum course of study provided for in subsection (b) of this Code section or its equivalent, as approved by the State Board of Education. Each local board of education may supplement the exact approach of content areas of such minimum course of study with such curriculum standards as it may deem appropriate. Such standards shall include instruction which discourages the use of alcohol, tobacco, and controlled substances and communicates that the use of illicit drugs and improper use of legally obtained drugs is wrong and dangerous.
(b) The State Board of Education shall prescribe a minimum course of study of alcohol and other drug use which maybe included as a part of a course of study in comprehensive health education where offered and where appropriate.Instruction also shall be integrated into other curriculum requirements as determined by the State Board of Education.The course shall be age appropriate, shall be sequential in method of study, and shall include the following elements where appropriate in the instruction:
- (1) Detailed, factual information regarding physiological, psychological, sociological, and legal aspects of substance abuse;
- (2) Detailed information concerning the availability of help and assistance for persons with chemical dependency problems;
- (3) Skills needed to evaluate advertisements for, and media portrayals of, alcohol, tobacco, and controlled substances;and
- (4) Detailed instruction on the need for, and role of, lawful authority and law-abiding behavior, which instruction may include interacting and working with members of the legal and justice professions.
Georgia Performance Standards for Health Education
The National and Georgia Standards for Health Education are designed to incorporate into a curricula the following six priority adolescent risk behaviors identified by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Alcohol and other Drug Use, Injury and Violence (including Suicide), Tobacco Use, Poor Nutrition, Inadequate Physical Activity, and Risky Sexual Behavior. The standards also are designed to encompass a wide range of the following common content areas: Community Health, Consumer Health, Environmental Health, Family Life, Mental/Emotional Health, Injury Prevention/Safety, Nutrition, Personal Health, Prevention/Control of Disease, and Substance Use/Abuse. (Table 1 shows the relationship between the National Health Education Standards, Common Health Education Content Areas, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Adolescent Risk Behaviors.)
Source: Georgia Department of Education