State law addresses violence prevention
North Carolina Essential Standard - Health Education - Grades K – HS
Violence prevention is taught as part of health education.
North Carolina General Statutes 115C-81.30 Reproductive health and safety education provided by local school administrative units.
(9) Teach about the preventable risks for preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies, including induced abortion, smoking, alcohol consumption, the use of illegal drugs, and inadequate prenatal care. (10) Teach about sexually transmitted diseases. Instruction shall include how sexually transmitted diseases are and are not transmitted, the effectiveness and safety of all federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved methods of reducing the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, and information on local resources for testing and medical care for sexually transmitted diseases. Instruction shall include the rates of infection among pre-teen and teens of each known sexually transmitted disease and the effects of contracting each sexually transmitted disease. In particular, the instruction shall include information about the effects of contracting the Human Papilloma Virus, including sterility and cervical cancer. (11) Teach about the effectiveness and safety of all FDA-approved contraceptive methods in preventing pregnancy. (12) Teach awareness of sexual assault, sexual abuse, and risk reduction. The instruction and materials shall:
- a. Focus on healthy relationships.
- b. Teach students what constitutes sexual assault and sexual abuse, the causes of those behaviors, and risk reduction.
- c. Inform students about resources and reporting procedures if they experience sexual assault or sexual abuse.
- d. Examine common misconceptions and stereotypes about sexual assault and sexual abuse.
(13) Teach about sex trafficking prevention and awareness. Each local school administrative unit shall:
- a. Collaborate with a diverse group of outside consultants where practical, including law enforcement with expertise in sex-trafficking prevention education, to address the threats of sex trafficking.
- b. Collaborate with a diverse group of outside consultants, including law enforcement with expertise in sex trafficking, on a referral protocol for high-risk pupils and minors.