State law addresses availability of school nurses.
General Statutes of Connecticut Sec. 10-205. Appointment of school medical advisors.
Each local or regional board of education of any town having a population of ten thousand or more shall, and each local or regional board of education of any town having a population of fewer than ten thousand may, appoint one or more legally qualified practitioners of medicine as school medical advisors. The advisor or advisors shall be assigned to the public school or schools within the limits of the school district. The boards shall provide such medical advisors with adequate facilities to conduct health examinations of individual pupils and to discharge such duties as may be prescribed by such board. In towns in which the board of health or department of health is maintaining such service substantially as required in connection with the school program of health supervision and other duties performed by school medical advisors, the board of health or department of health shall appoint and assign, with the consent of the local or regional board of education, such advisors. The board of education, with the approval of the director of health and with the consent of the chief executive officer of the town, may designate such town’s director of health, as provided under section 19a-200, or other town medical officers as the chief medical advisor for its public schools. Two or more boards of education may unite in the hiring and appointing of school medical advisors under arrangements for the payment of the expenses thereof and the performance of duties agreed upon by their boards of education. Each local or regional board of education shall prescribe the functions and duties of the school medical advisor in order that the program of health protection and health supervision, as outlined by such board and pursuant to the general statutes, shall be carried out.
General Statutes of Connecticut Sec. 10-212. School nurses and nurse practitioners. Administration of medications by parents or guardians on school grounds. Criminal history records checks.
Each local or regional board of education shall appoint one or more school nurses or nurse practitioners. Such school nurses and nurse practitioners appointed by such boards shall be qualified pursuant to regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 by the State Board of Education in consultation with the Department of Public Health. Such school nurses may also act as visiting nurses in the town, may visit the homes of pupils in the public schools and shall assist in executing the orders of the school medical advisor, if there is any in such town, and perform such other duties as are required by such board.
Guidelines for a Coordinated Approach to School Health
The guidelines state that school nurses need to practice in a safe environment, including safe student to nurse ratios, and recommend that student to nurse ratios align with the National Association of School Nurses recommendation of one school nurse to 750 regular education, healthy students or fewer students depending on the health care needs of the students.
Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies Sec. 10-212-6. Authority of a local or regional board of education to appoint a school nurse
A local or regional board of education may require that each registered nurse providing school health services meets the qualifications as set forth in Section 10-212-2 of these regulations whether employed by the board of education or appointed under contract with a local health agency.