State law encourages districts to implement building risk or hazard assessment protocols.
Arkansas Code 12-13-110. Inspection of buildings.
- (1) Upon complaint of any person or on their own motion, the Director of the Division of Arkansas State Police and his or her officers or deputies may inspect all buildings and premises within their jurisdiction and issue an order for the compliance with the director's rules.
- (2) Failure or refusal to comply with an order of the director in the enforcement of the rules shall be a Class A misdemeanor. (b)
- (1) The director and his or her officers and deputies shall inspect all places of public assembly, including factories or industrial plants normally employing ten (10) or more persons, where hazards to the lives and safety of citizens might be present.
- (2) If upon completion of the inspection an unsafe or hazardous condition is found to exist, then the director shall promptly notify the owner or operator of the public assembly in writing.
- (3) Upon the receipt of the written notice, the owner or operator shall remove the hazardous or unsafe condition.
- (A) On failure to remedy the condition, the director may file injunction proceedings in the circuit court of the jurisdiction to abate the condition as being a nuisance.
- (B) The suit shall be filed in the name of the director for the use and benefit of the State of Arkansas without bond for costs.
Arkansas Code 6-10-110. Fire marshal program.
(a) The Division of Elementary and Secondary Education is authorized and directed to cooperate with and assist local school districts in this state in the establishment of an Arkansas school fire marshal program. (b) Such program shall include, but shall not be limited to, the following:
- (1) A periodic review and inspection of all school buildings and facilities for fire and other hazards;
- (2) Cooperation with local fire departments and other organizations and persons in making building inspections, suggesting improvements to reduce fire hazards, and disseminating information designed to make school children and the public more conscious of fire hazards;
- (3) The establishment in each school of an adequate plan for evacuation in case of fire;
- (A) The training of school children in the means of recognizing fire hazards and of corrective steps to be taken in case of fire.
- (B) Such training may include the establishment of school patrols consisting of school children who are to be constantly alert and on duty to detect fires or fire hazards; and
- (5) Taking such additional action as may be necessary to promote the development of programs for fire prevention education and training.
Arkansas Code 6-11-128. Arkansas Public School Computer Network — Definitions.
(b) The Division of Elementary and Secondary Education shall implement the use of policies, procedures, and personnel to provide for data quality and security with the Arkansas Public School Computer Network, including without limitation the following: (1) Periodically conducting a thorough security review and security risk assessment for all information, including without limitation personally identifiable employee and student information, that originates in the school districts and terminates on the Division of Information Systems and Arkansas Public School Computer Network servers
Arkansas Code 6-15-1303. Safe Schools Initiative Act.
(a) A school district shall develop a school safety plan and provide annual training for all of its employees and students, to the extent practicable, in preventing and responding to acts of violence, terrorism, natural disaster, and other emergencies, including without limitation:
- (1) Tornado safety drills under § 6-10-121;
- (2) Emergency plans and panic button alert systems under § 6-15-1302; and
- (A) Annual active shooter drills and school safety assessments in collaboration with local law enforcement and emergency management personnel for all schools, including a school lockdown exercise with panic button alert system training.
- (B) The purpose of the training is to allow participants to:
- (i) Discuss simulated emergency situations in a low-stress environment;
- (ii) Clarify the roles and responsibilities of individuals and the logistics of handling an emergency on the school campus; and
- (iii) Identify areas in which the school safety plan should be modified. (b)
- (1) On or before September 1, 2015, a school shall provide floor plans and pertinent emergency contact information to be used in connection with the panic button alert system through the statewide Smart911 system.
- (2) Public school administration shall update the information as necessary, including when substantial building modifications or changes are made.
- (3) Information provided under this subsection is not a public record and is not available for public inspection. (c)
- (1) Subject to an appropriation and funding for this purpose, the Criminal Justice Institute shall provide the necessary training and education for:
- (A) Personnel designated by a school district or an education service cooperative concerning the active shooter drills required under this section through its Safe Schools Initiative; and
- (B) Law enforcement officers, emergency management personnel, and other persons who will conduct the school safety assessments and active shooter drills on a school campus under this section.
- (A) The Safe Schools Initiative training for school personnel shall be hosted by an education service cooperative of which the school district is a constituent.
- (B) The designated personnel who receive the Safe Schools Initiative training shall train other school employees and students.
- (C) The Safe Schools Initiative training also may include without limitation the training and education needed to assist a public school in:
- (i) Developing prevention strategies and enhancing existing crisis management plans for campus security and safety issues;
- (ii) Delivering education to students and faculty on public safety and legal topics such as drugs and alcohol abuse, sexual assault, bullying and cyber-bullying, gangs, preventing the possession of weapons by minors, and responding to the threat of weapons at school;
- (iii) Preparing school safety assessments; and
- (iv) Cooperating effectively with law enforcement officers in the school setting.
- (3) The following agencies or persons may conduct a school safety assessment and active shooter drill for a school district after receiving training from the Criminal Justice Institute:
- (A) The Arkansas Law Enforcement Training Academy;
- (B) The Department of Arkansas State Police;
- (C) The Arkansas Department of Emergency Management;
- (D) The Black River Technical College Law Enforcement Training Academy; or
- (E) Other persons or entities identified on the Criminal Justice Institute's website as having received the training.
- (4) Annual training and active shooter drills may be conducted during the instructional day or during non-instructional time periods as determined by the school district. (d) Subject to an appropriation and funding for this purpose, each public school, in collaboration with the school district, may install communications equipment that is interoperable with the Arkansas Wireless Information Network system.