State law requires districts to adopt hazing policies.
Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:40.8. Criminal hazing
A. (1) Except as provided by Subsection D of this Section, it shall be unlawful for any person to commit an act of hazing. (2) (a) Except as provided by Subparagraph (b) of this Paragraph, any person who commits an act of hazing shall be either fined up to one thousand dollars, imprisoned for up to six months, or both. (b) If the hazing results in the serious bodily injury or death of the victim, or the hazing involves forced or coerced alcohol consumption that results in the victim having a blood alcohol concentration of at least 0.30 percent by weight based on grams of alcohol per one hundred cubic centimeters of blood, any person who commits an act of hazing shall be fined up to ten thousand dollars and imprisoned, with or without hard labor, for up to five years. B. (1) (a) If any person serving as a representative or officer of an organization, including any representative, director, trustee, or officer of any national or parent organization of which any of the underlying entities provided for in Paragraph (C)(3) of this Section is a sanctioned or recognized member at the time of the hazing, knew and failed to report, as soon as practicable under the circumstances, to law enforcement that one or more of the organization’s members were hazing another person, the organization may be subject to the following: (i) Payment of a fine of up to ten thousand dollars. (ii) Forfeiture of any public funds received by the organization. (iii) Forfeiture of all rights and privileges of being an organization that is organized and operating at the education institution for a specific period of time as determined by the court. If the hazing results in the serious bodily injury or death of the victim, or results in the victim having a blood alcohol concentration of at least 0.30 percent by weight based on grams of alcohol per one hundred cubic centimeters of blood, the period of time shall be for not less than four years. (b) Information reported to law enforcement as provided in Subparagraph (a) of this Paragraph shall include all details received by the organization relative to the alleged incident, with no information being redacted, including the name of all individuals alleged to have committed the act or acts of hazing. (2) An education institution that receives a report alleging the commission of an act or acts of hazing by one or more members of an organization that is organized and operating at the education institution shall report, as soon as practicable under the circumstances, the alleged act or acts to the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction in the place where the alleged act or acts of hazing occurred. The information reported to law enforcement as required by this Paragraph shall include all details received by the institution relative to the alleged incident, with no information being redacted, including the name of all individuals alleged to have committed the act or acts of hazing. Any education institution who fails to comply with the provisions of this Paragraph may be subject to a fine of up to ten thousand dollars. C. For purposes of this Section: (1) “Education institution” means any elementary or secondary school or any postsecondary education institution in this state. (2) (a) “Hazing” is any intentional, knowing, or reckless act by a person acting alone or acting with others that is directed against another when both of the following apply: (i) The person knew or should have known that the act endangers the physical health or safety of the other person or causes severe emotional distress. (ii) The act was associated with pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, participating in, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization. (b) “Hazing” includes but is not limited to any of the following acts associated with pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, participating in, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization: (i) Physical brutality, such as whipping, beating, paddling, striking, branding, electronic shocking, placing of a harmful substance on the body, or similar activity. (ii) Physical activity, such as sleep deprivation, exposure to the elements, confinement in a small space, or calisthenics, that subjects the other person to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the physical health or safety of the individual or causes severe emotional distress. (iii) Activity involving consumption of food, liquid, or any other substance, including but not limited to an alcoholic beverage or drug, that subjects the individual to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the physical health or safety of the individual or causes severe emotional distress. (iv) Activity that induces, causes, or requires an individual to perform a duty or task that involves the commission of a crime or an act of hazing. (c) A physical activity that is normal, customary, and necessary for a person’s training and participation in an athletic, physical education, military training, or similar program sanctioned by the education institution is not considered “hazing” for purposes of this Section. (3) “Organization” means a fraternity, sorority, association, corporation, order, society, corps, cooperative, club, service group, social group, band, spirit group, athletic team, or similar group whose members are primarily students at, or former students of, an education institution.” Organization” includes the national or parent organization of which any of the underlying entities provided for in this Paragraph is a sanctioned or recognized member at the time of the hazing. (4) “Pledging”, also known as “recruitment” or “rushing”, means any action or activity related to becoming a member of an organization. D. (1) This Section does not apply to an individual who is the subject of the hazing, regardless of whether the individual voluntarily allowed himself to be hazed. (2) It is not a defense to prosecution for a violation of this Section that the individual against whom the hazing was directed consented to or acquiesced in the hazing. E. (1) The penalties provided in Subsection B of this Section may be imposed in addition to any penalty that may be imposed for any other criminal offense arising from the same incident or activity, and in addition to any penalty imposed by the organization or education institution pursuant to its by-laws, rules, or policies regarding hazing. (2) Nothing in this Section precludes any civil remedy provided by law.
Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:183 Hazing; public elementary and secondary students; intent and findings; definitions; policies
A.(1) It is the intent of the legislature that every public elementary and secondary school in this state shall be a safe, orderly, civil, and positive learning environment so that no student in this state feels threatened while in school.
- (2) The legislature finds that while some forms of initiation for membership in student clubs and organizations constitute acceptable behavior, the hazing of students may degenerate into a dangerous form of intimidation and degradation.
B. (1) As used in this Section, “hazing” means any knowing behavior, whether by commission or omission, of any student to encourage, direct, order, or participate in any activity which subjects another student to potential physical, mental, or psychological harm for the purpose of initiation or admission into, affiliation with, continued membership in, or acceptance by existing members of any organization or extracurricular activity at a public elementary or secondary school, whether such behavior is planned or occurs on or off school property, including any school bus and school bus stop.
- (2) Hazing does not mean any adult-directed and school-sanctioned athletic program practice or event or military training program.
C. Hazing is prohibited in public elementary and secondary schools.
D. (1) Each city, parish, and other local public school board shall develop, adopt, and post a policy to enforce the prohibition in this Section against hazing and to prevent its occurrence.
(2) Each such policy shall include, at a minimum, the following:
(a) A statement that hazing of students, as defined in Subsection B of this Section, is prohibited.
(b) A statement that any solicitation to engage in hazing is prohibited.
(c) A statement that aiding and abetting another person who engages in hazing is prohibited.
(d) A statement that consent of the hazing victim is not a defense.
(e) A statement that all students, teachers, and other school employees shall take reasonable measures within the scope of their individual authority to prevent violations of the policy.
(f) A description of the procedures for students, teachers, and other school employees to report violations of the policy and the procedures to file a complaint for a violation of the policy.
(g) Procedures to investigate reports or complaints of violations of the policy.
(h) A description of the circumstances under which a violation of the policy shall be reported to the appropriate law enforcement agency.
(i) A description of the appropriate penalties and appeal mechanisms for persons that violate the policy.
E. Nothing in this Section shall be construed to limit or exclude prosecution of or punishment for any crime or to limit the right to pursue any civil remedy.
Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:2093 Person not pupil soliciting membership; penalty
It is unlawful for any person not enrolled in any public high school in any parish in which its school board has prohibited fraternities, sororities, or secret societies to solicit or encourage any pupil enrolled in any such public high school to join or to pledge himself to become a member of any such organization. Whoever violates the provisions of this section shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than two hundred fifty dollars for each offense.