State law requires districts to adopt hazing policies.
Administrative Rules of Montana 10.55.701 Board of trustees
(1) The local board of trustees shall ensure that the school district complies with all local, state, and federal laws and regulations.
(2) Each school district shall make available to the staff and public:
- (a) goals that reflect the district's strategic plan of education;
- (b) sequential curriculum for each program area that aligns to the content Standard, specific grade-level learning progressions, and program area Standard;
- (c) policies establishing student assessment procedures that ensure evaluation of the district's curriculum and student learning. These procedures shall specify how and when data are to be collected, analyzed, and reported;
- (d) policies that delineate the responsibilities of the local board of trustees, superintendent, and personnel employed by the school district. The local board of trustees shall review these policies on a regular basis;
- (e) a policy on student, parent, and school employee due process rights;
- (f) policies addressing bullying, hazing, intimidation, and harassment of students and meeting the requirements in ARM 10.55.719;
Bully Free Montana: A Toolkit for Educators, Families, and Students
This toolkit supports schools and districts implementing bullying prevention policies and procedures and includes a model school district policy that addresses and prohibits bullying, harassment, intimidation, and hazing.
Montana Code Annotated 20.5.208 Definition
(1) “Bullying” means any harassment, intimidation, hazing, or threatening, insulting, or demeaning gesture or physical contact, including any intentional written, verbal, or electronic communication or threat directed against a student that is persistent, severe, or repeated and that:
- (a) causes a student physical harm, damages a student’s property, or places a student in reasonable fear of harm to the student or the student’s property;
- (b) creates a hostile environment by interfering with or denying a student’s access to an educational opportunity or benefit; or
- (c) substantially and materially disrupts the orderly operation of a school.
(2) The term includes retaliation against a victim or witness who reports information about an act of bullying and includes acts of hazing associated with athletics or school-sponsored organizations or groups.