State law encourages or requires districts to implement identification and referral processes to link students and families with needed resources.
Oregon Revised Statutes 336.216 Mental health screenings; rules
(1) When a school district causes to be conducted a mental health screening of all of the students in one or more classrooms or all of the students in one or more grades, the school district must allow the student or the parents or legal guardians of the student to request that the student not participate in the mental health screening. (2) At least two weeks prior to a school district causing a mental health screening to be conducted of all of the students in one or more classrooms or all of the students in one or more grades, the school district shall mail written notice of the mental health screening to the last-known address of the family of the student. (3) The notice provided under subsection (2) of this section must:
- (a) Explain that either a student or a parent or a legal guardian of a student has the right to request in writing that the student not participate in the mental health screening;
- (b) Explain that, on the day of the mental health screening, a student or a parent or a legal guardian of a student may request, orally or in writing, that the student not participate in the screening;
- (c) Explain who will administer the mental health screening and who will have access to the results of the screening; and
- (d) Meet any other requirements established by the State Board of Education by rule. (4) The results of a mental health screening that is described in subsection (1) of this section may not be included in the education records of the student. (5) Nothing in this section allows a school district to cause a mental health screening to be conducted for an individual student without first receiving the written consent of a parent or legal guardian of the student if the screening is not conducted as part of a screening of all students in one or more classrooms or all students in one or more grades. (6) Nothing in this section alters the rights of a child with a disability who is eligible for special education or the rights of a child who may have a disability, as those rights are provided in ORS chapter 343. Any evaluations conducted for the purpose of evaluation, reevaluation or placement for special education must meet the consent requirements of ORS 343.164.
Oregon Revised Statutes 339.341 Statewide School Safety and Prevention System; rules
(1) As used in this section:
- (a) “Cyberbullying” has the meaning given that term in ORS 339.351.
- (b) “Harassment, intimidation or bullying” has the meaning given that term in ORS 339.351.
- (c) “Suicidal behavior” includes:
- (A) Self-directed, injurious behavior with an intent to die as a result of the behavior;
- (B) Nonfatal, self-directed, potentially injurious behavior with an intent to die as a result of the behavior that may not result in injury; or
- (C) Thinking about, considering or planning suicide.
- (d) “Violence” means aggressive behavior with the intention to cause, or an outcome that poses a risk of causing, serious or lethal injury.
(2) The Department of Education shall establish and maintain the Statewide School Safety and Prevention System.
(3) The system required under this section shall consist of the following:
- (a) Assistance to school districts and education service districts in decreasing acts of harassment, intimidation or bullying and acts of cyberbullying through the implementation of effective prevention programs that:
- (A) Incorporate evidenced-based, multitiered practices; and
- (B) Support resiliency building and trauma-informed care practices.
- (b) Assistance to school districts and education service districts in decreasing youth suicidal behavior through the implementation of effective prevention programs and student wellness programs that focus on early identification and intervention by school safety and prevention specialists, as described in subsection (4) of this section, who:
- (A) Provide training, outreach and technical assistance related to youth suicidal behavior prevention and wellness;
- (B) Support coordination between schools and health agencies, including public and private behavioral health providers; and
- (C) Support school districts and education service districts in the establishment of suicidal behavior prevention programs.
- (c) Assistance to school districts and education service districts in implementing a multidisciplinary student safety assessment system to identify, assess and support students who present a potential risk for violence to others. Multidisciplinary school safety assessment teams shall be made available to assist each school district and education service district in assessing students who are engaged in violence or who are posing a threat of violence to others. The teams shall:
- (A) Assess potential danger and identify circumstances and risk factors that may increase risk for potential violence;
- (B) Develop management and intervention plans in collaboration with community partners; and
- (C) Connect students and families to community resources and supports.
- (d) Promotion and use of the statewide school safety tip line established by ORS 339.329. School safety and prevention specialists, as described in subsection (4) of this section, shall work collaboratively with the Oregon State Police to support school districts and education service districts in accessing and implementing the school safety tip line.
(4) The system required under this section shall be supported by school safety and prevention specialists who:
- (a) Serve regions of this state;
- (b) Are cross-trained in safety assessments and in the prevention of youth suicide, of acts of bullying, intimidation or harassment and of acts of cyberbullying; and
- (c) Provide or facilitate training, the development of programs and plans, the coordination of local teams and the provision of ongoing consultation to regional partners, school districts and education service districts.
(5) The State Board of Education, in consultation with the Oregon Health Authority and other representatives of school districts, education service districts, school employees, human services, mental health professionals and law enforcement agencies, shall adopt rules related to the system required under this section.