State law requires districts to address indoor air quality in schools.
New Hampshire Administrative Rules Ed 306.04 Policy Development.
(a) In accordance with Ed 303.01, the local school board shall adopt and implement written policies and procedures relative to:
(1) Absenteeism and attendance;
(2) Promoting school safety;
(4) Records retention, including electronic files;
(5) Character and citizenship;
(6) Meeting the instructional needs of each individual student;
(7) Student hazing;
(8) Student harassment, including bullying, as required by RSA 193-F;
(9) Sexual harassment, as detailed in Ed 303.01(j) and (k);
(10) Reporting of suspected abuse or neglect;
(11) Promotion of a school environment that is conducive to learning and supports strong family and community partnerships;
(12) Distance education, if the district chooses to offer distance education as provided in Ed 306.22;
(13) Providing alternative means of earning credit toward a high school diploma or equivalent such as extended learning opportunities, and distance education to meet the requirements of RSA 193:1, (h) until July 1, 2015;
(14) Providing alternative means of demonstrating achievement of identified graduation competencies toward the awarding of a credit for a high school diploma or equivalent such as extended learning opportunities, career and technical education courses, and distance education no later than July 1, 2015 to meet the requirements of RSA 193:1, (h);
(15) How a credit can be earned, as provided in Ed 306.27(e) until July 1, 2015;
(16) How a credit used to track achievement of graduation competencies can be earned no later than July 1, 2015, as provided in Ed 306.27(e);
(17) Recommending developmentally appropriate daily physical activity and exercise;
(18) Behavior management and intervention for students;
(19) Homeless students;
(20) Wellness as required by Section 204 of the federal Child Nutrition and WIC 42 USC 1751;
(21) Providing immediate and adequate emergency care for students and school personnel who sustain injury or illness during school hours or during scheduled school activities;
(22) Meeting the special physical health needs of students;
(23) Supporting the availability and distribution of healthy foods and beverages that create a healthy environment in all schools throughout all school buildings during the school day;
(24) Air quality in school buildings as required by RSA 200:48;
New Hampshire Administrative Rules Ed 306.07 School Facilities.
The local school board shall:
(a) Require that the facilities for each school provide the following:
- (1) Consistent with RSA 189:24, a clean, healthy, and safe learning environment for all areas of the school building, grounds, and school-related activities;
- (2) Lighting in compliance with the state building code as provided in RSA 155-A;
- (3) Exhaust and outdoor air ventilation, proper temperature and humidity conditions in compliance with the state building code as provided in RSA 155-A; and
- (4) Policy and procedures to comply with RSA 200:48 to minimize pollution caused by idling motor vehicles and an annual evaluation of potential causes of poor indoor air quality utilizing a checklist provided by the department; and
(b) With regard to school facilities:
- (1) Customize classrooms and other school-related environments to the needs of different content areas. Any lack of specialized spaces for arts, science, technology education and similar requirements shall be addressed as part of the next construction project at the school that receives school building aid under RSA 198:15-a;
- (2) Provide for accessibility for students with disabilities;
- (3) Demonstrate compliance with Saf-C 6000 through completion of a life safety inspection by the local fire department or other authority having jurisdiction as required by RSA 153:14;
- (4) Document compliance with regulations relating to school building, sanitation, sewage disposal, water supply, and other matter affecting public health through inspection by the local health officer, other authority having jurisdiction, or an individual, if no municipal officer is available who has received a master's degree in public health; and
- (5) Demonstrate compliance for all furniture and electrical appliances approved by the school administration and comply with requirements of the state fire code, Saf-C 6000.
New Hampshire Administrative Rules Ed 321.17 Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Requirements.
(a) Schools shall be designed, constructed, and maintained to provide:
- (1) Code compliant outside air ventilation and exhaust systems to aid in the maintenance of indoor air quality; and
- (2) Code compliant heating temperatures throughout occupied building areas.
(b) In cases where air conditioning is provided, schools shall be designed, constructed, and maintained to provide code compliant cooling temperatures throughout all air conditioned spaces.
(c) The design and installation of all HVAC systems shall comply with:
- (1) The state building code under RSA 155-A;
- (2) The code for energy conservation in new building construction under RSA 155-D; and
- (3) The state fire code under Saf-C 6000.
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 198:15-b Amount of Grant.
I-a. (a) In addition to the requirements of paragraph I, each school district, prior to receipt of any grant moneys, shall submit for review and approval a written maintenance plan describing in detail how the school district intends to maintain the new facilities to be constructed with state aid grant moneys. The required maintenance plan shall include, but not be limited to, the following information:
(b) A description of the procedures to be used, and the method of staffing in which, the following building services are or will be provided. For work performed by in-house staff, an indication of the staffing level shall be provided, expressed as full-time equivalent positions:
- (1) Daily facility cleaning.
- (2) Grounds maintenance.
- (3) Refuse removal.
- (4) Snow removal.
- (5) Minor maintenance and repair.
- (6) Pest management.
- (7) Periodic equipment servicing and preventive maintenance.
- (8) Plan for 12 month operations, if applicable.
(c) The average amount of space, in square feet, assigned to each custodian for daily cleaning.
(d) The process for reporting, recording, verifying, and prioritizing building problems and fire safety issues.
(e) The process for assigning corrective work.
(f) The process for determining that corrective work has solved the problem.
(g) The process for tracking and analyzing recurring problems.
(h) The process for scheduling and completing preventive maintenance services and inspections on installed equipment and major building systems including, but not limited to heating, ventilation, air conditioning, life safety, elevators, plumbing, roofs, windows, doors, and kitchen appliances.
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 198:15-c Approval of Plans Specifications and Costs of Construction or Purchase.
I. (a) A school district maintaining approved schools, desiring to avail itself of the grants herein provided shall have the plans, specifications, and cost estimates for school plant construction or proposals for the purchase of school buildings, or both, and the costs for them approved by the department of education prior to the start of construction. For this purpose the district shall submit its plans, specifications, cost, and purchase estimates in writing to the department of education on such forms as the department prescribes. A letter of intent shall be submitted to the department no later than 18 months prior to the beginning of the biennium in which school building aid grants are to be disbursed. The commissioner may waive the letter of intent or submittal deadline for good cause. The letter of intent shall include a facilities analysis describing any deficiencies in the facilities of the existing school building, including but not be limited to: (1) Building components that are inadequate to provide programs required by state or federal law, rule, or regulation. (2) Deterioration of existing buildings. (3) Conditions that are unsafe or that threaten the security or health of students or employees. (4) Operational systems that have excessive operational costs and are energy inefficient due to age or design characteristics. (5) Alternatives with costs that have been considered. (6) Any other items required by the department. (b) The letter of intent shall be submitted on a form provided by the department. To be considered for a school construction grant in either the first or second year of the biennium, the complete building aid application shall be submitted no later than July 1 of the year prior to the biennium in which school building aid grants are to be disbursed. The building aid application shall include detailed drawings, cost estimates, funding sources, preliminary design documents, maintenance impact analysis, proof of good maintenance, and other documentation as required by the department and identified in the department’s school building construction rules. A school district shall also submit a copy of any application for energy efficiency reimbursement under RSA 374-F. The department of education shall coordinate with the public utilities commission to ensure that eligible school districts have submitted applications for funding reimbursement and technical assistance as available from energy utility companies to promote indoor air quality and energy efficiency in public schools. (c) As deemed appropriate, emergency projects that are recommended by the commissioner of education and the school building authority shall be addressed on a case-by-case basis by the state board of education at any time during the school year. A school construction project requiring the replacement of all or a significant portion of a school facility which is declared uninhabitable or is identified as an imminent danger or substantial risk by the state fire marshal or a state or federal agency, and which results from an unanticipated and sudden natural or human disaster, shall qualify as an emergency project. (d) Project proposals shall be funded to the extent of available appropriations in the fiscal year. School districts with projects for which there is insufficient state grant funding during the biennial budget may resubmit those projects to the department for future consideration in the next biennial budget cycle. II. (a) The commissioner shall accept school building aid grant applications based upon completeness and submit a preliminary school building aid grant list, with applications ranked in accordance with subparagraph II(b) and rules of the department, to the school building authority established pursuant to RSA 195-C. By December 1 of the fiscal year prior to the biennium in which school building aid grants are to be disbursed, the school building authority shall verify the ranking submitted by the commissioner and submit a list in descending rank order to the state board of education for approval. If the ranking submitted to the school building authority differs from the preliminary school building aid grant list, the school building authority shall justify the new ranking using the same criteria in subparagraph II(b) and in rules of the department. The state board of education shall approve and publish the descending rank order list of approved projects by January 15 of the fiscal year prior to the biennium in which school building aid grants are distributed. School districts which have projects approved for funding shall be notified by the department of education of the projected amount to be funded within 10 days of approval. The project rating system and criteria used to rate project applications which shall include an administrative review process for appeal of a school district’s project point rating, shall be developed by the department of education and approved by the state board of education. The department of education, after review by the house finance committee, the house special committee on education funding reform, and any senate committee designated by the senate president, shall propose interim rules pursuant to RSA 541-A no later than November 1, 2012, and final rules pursuant to RSA 541-A no later than April 30, 2013, relative to the criteria set forth in this paragraph and the procedures necessary to implement this paragraph. (b) The commissioner of the department of education shall accept school building construction proposals based upon completeness. The department of education shall consider and score each proposal based on the following criteria: (1) Unsafe conditions. (2) Facilities not in compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act, or obsolete, inefficient, or unsuitable facilities or mechanical and building systems. (3) Overcrowding and associated influences to instructional areas and programming. (4) Enrollment projections and population shifts. (5) Whether a school district has made a reasonable attempt to accommodate maintenance activities including scheduled and unscheduled repairs, upkeep, minor alterations, enhancements to buildings, and preventive maintenance necessary to achieve the design life expectancy of building systems and components. School districts shall be required to provide maintenance records and other documentation, if necessary, concerning maintenance program activities for scheduled and unscheduled repairs, upkeep, minor alterations, and enhancements of district buildings. (6) A school district’s fiscal capacity based on measurable criteria such as the percentage of pupils eligible for free and reduced price meals. (7) School security design and integration of security systems. (8) A school district which initiated and completed a locally or state grant funded school renovation project to remedy an imminent danger, substantial risk, or security infrastructure condition identified by the state fire marshal or the department of safety, division of homeland security and emergency management, on or before June 30, 2019 shall be eligible to include any such corrected condition in a subsequent application for school building aid submitted by the school district. This subparagraph shall enable a school district having remedied an imminent danger, substantial risk, or security condition prior to June 30, 2019 to receive application point credit, but such district shall not be eligible to receive additional school construction grant funding for the remedied condition. (9) The project contributes to operational cost efficiencies, consolidation, or reduced property taxes. (10) High performance of design that provides environments that are energy and resource efficient. Energy and resource efficient designs are those that improve indoor air quality, air temperature, or water quality; reduce heating costs; provide better lighting; and increase average attendance. (11) Any other criteria that the state board of education may determine are necessary. (c) A school district, a city maintaining a school department within its corporate organization, a cooperative school district as defined in RSA 195:1, a receiving district operating an area school as defined in RSA 195-A:1, or a receiving district providing an education to pupils from one or more sending districts under a contract entered into pursuant to RSA 194:21-a or RSA 194:22, with projects for which there is insufficient state grant funding may resubmit those projects to the department pursuant to the provisions of this section. III. Necessary costs of the purchase of school buildings may be determined by any recognized method of real estate appraisal with appropriate adjustments for remodeling or other expenditures. Upon approval of the construction or purchase, or both, by the department of education, the school district shall be entitled to receive a grant as provided herein. IV. A school district that accepts school building aid for construction shall engage the services of a project manager for construction or reconstruction projects of $1,000,000 or more, unless the commissioner waives such requirement as unnecessary. The school district’s project manager shall have his or her own comprehensive liability and auto insurance, worker’s compensation coverage, and professional liability coverage. The state board of education shall adopt rules pursuant to RSA 541-A relative to the required services, responsibilities, and qualifications for the school district’s project manager.
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 200:11-a Investigation of Air Quality.
I. The school principal, or designee shall annually investigate the air quality of any schoolhouse or building used for school purposes using a checklist provided by the department of education. The checklist shall be established in rules adopted by the state board of education pursuant to RSA 541-A. The purpose of the review shall be to consider physical factors that can influence the air quality within the schoolhouse or building. The review shall require a physical assessment of the facilities, not a measurement of the air quality. The checklist shall allow an evaluation of the following physical conditions that can impact air quality: general cleanliness, ventilation, moisture control, and chemical use and storage. The completed checklist shall be filed after the annual inspection with the department of education, the local school board, and the local health officer. Checklists shall remain on file for 5 years. Checklists shall be reviewed during the 5 year school approval process and shall be a factor in the approval process for a public school.
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated 200:48 Air Quality in Schools.
The school board of each school district shall develop and implement a policy governing air quality issues in schools. The policy shall address methods of minimizing or eliminating emissions from buses, cars, delivery vehicles, maintenance vehicles, and other motorized vehicles used for transportation on school property taking into account the state anti-idling and clean air zone policies established by the department of environmental services.
School Health Inspections
Document addresses routine inspection and evaluation of indoor air quality in schools.