State law defines prohibited behavior and may require districts to include bullying definitions in district anti-bullying policies.
North Carolina General Statutes 115C-407.15. Bullying and harassing behavior.
(a) As used in this Article, bullying or harassing behavior is any pattern of gestures or written, electronic, or verbal communications, or any physical act or any threatening communication, that takes place on school property, at any school-sponsored function, or on a school bus, and that:
- (1) Places a student or school employee in actual and reasonable fear of harm to his or her person or damage to his or her property; or
- (2) Creates or is certain to create a hostile environment by substantially interfering with or impairing a student's educational performance, opportunities, or benefits. For purposes of this section, hostile environment means that the victim subjectively views the conduct as bullying or harassing behavior and the conduct is objectively severe or pervasive enough that a reasonable person would agree that it is bullying or harassing behavior.
North Carolina General Statutes 115C-407.16. Policy against bullying or harassing behavior.
(b) The policy shall contain, at a minimum, the following components:
- (2) A definition of bullying or harassing behavior no less inclusive than that set forth in this Article.