Outline of the state of North Dakota
North Dakota
Comprehensive assurances of due process

Disciplinary Due Process

Disciplinary Due Process

State law provides comprehensive assurances of due process for students facing disciplinary action.

North Dakota Century Code 15.1-19-09. Students - Suspension and expulsion - Rules.

1.  The board of a school district shall adopt rules regarding the suspension and expulsion of a student. The rules for expulsion must provide for a procedural due process hearing in the manner provided for in subsection 2 of section 15.1-19-10, before the determination to expel a student is made. A student’s parent or representative must be allowed to participate in the expulsion hearing.

2.  A student may be suspended for up to ten days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

3.  A student enrolled in an alternative education program for which state per student payments are available may be suspended for up to twenty days for insubordination, habitual indolence, disorderly conduct, or for violating a school district weapons policy.

4.  A student, including one enrolled in an alternative education program, may be expelled from school for insubordination, habitual indolence, or disorderly conduct; provided the expulsion does not last beyond the termination of the current school year. A student who violates the school district’s weapons policy may be expelled for up to twelve months.

Policy Type

North Dakota Century Code 15.1-19-10. Possession of a weapon - Policy - Expulsion from school.

  1. The board of each school district shall adopt a policy governing the possession of weapons and firearms on school property or at a school function and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation of the policy.

  2. The policy must prohibit the possession of a weapon or a firearm by a student on school property and at school functions and provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation. Punishment must include immediate suspension from school and expulsion. A student who possesses a firearm in violation of this section must be expelled for at least one year. The school district firearms policy must authorize the school district superintendent or the school principal, if the school district does not have a superintendent, to modify an expulsion for firearms possession under this section on a case-by-case basis in accordance with criteria established by the board. Before expelling a student, a school board or its designated hearing officer, within ten days of the student’s suspension, shall provide the student with a hearing at which time the school board or its designated hearing officer shall take testimony and consider evidence, including the existence of mitigating circumstances. If a designated hearing officer orders that a student be expelled, the student may seek a review of the decision by the school board, based on the record of the expulsion hearing.

  3. If a school district expels a student under this section, the district may authorize the provision of educational services to the student in an alternative setting.

  4. Actions under this section may not conflict with state special education laws or with the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act [Pub. L. 91-230; 84 Stat. 121; 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.].

  5. This section does not apply to any student participating in a school-sponsored shooting sport, provided the student informs the school principal of the student’s participation and the student complies with all requirements set by the principal regarding the safe handling and storage of the firearm.

  6. For purposes of this section:

    • a.  “Firearm” has the meaning provided in Public Law No. 90-351 [82 Stat. 197; 18 U.S.C. 921].
    • b.  “School property” includes all land within the perimeter of the school site and all school buildings, structures, facilities, and school vehicles, whether owned or leased by a school district, and the site of any school-sponsored event or activity.
Policy Type