State law requires districts to establish formal procedures governing referrals to local law enforcement.
Model Law Enforcement Agency Memorandum of Understanding
This document provides a model MOU between a law enforcement agency and a school district and addresses limits on referrals to law enforcement.
Model Security Agency Memorandum of Understanding
This document provides a model MOU between a security agency and a school district and and addresses limits on referrals to law enforcement.
Nebraska Revised Statutes 79-262. School board or board of education; rules and Standard; establish; distribute and post; review with county attorney.
(1) The school board or board of education shall establish and promulgate rules and Standard concerning student conduct which are reasonably necessary to carry out or to prevent interference with carrying out any educational function, if such rules and Standard are clear and definite so as to provide clear notice to the student and his or her parent or guardian as to the conduct prescribed, prohibited, or required under the rules and Standard. Notwithstanding any other provisions contained in the Student Discipline Act, the school board or board of education may by rule specify a particular action as a sanction for particular conduct. Any such action must be otherwise authorized by section 79-258, 79-265, or 79-267. Any such rule shall be binding on all students, school officials, board members, and hearing examiners. Expulsion may be specified as a sanction for particular conduct only if the school board or board of education finds that the type of conduct for which expulsion is specified has the potential to seriously affect the health, safety, or welfare of the student, other students, staff members, or any other person or to otherwise seriously interfere with the educational process. On or before August 1 of each year, all school boards shall annually review in collaboration with the county attorney of the county in which the principal office of the school district is located the rules and Standard concerning student conduct adopted by the school board and the provisions of section 79-267 to define conduct which the principal or designee is required to report to law enforcement under section 79-293.
Nebraska Revised Statutes 79-2704. Memorandum of understanding; contents.
Each memorandum of understanding required by section 79-2703 shall govern the use of school resource officers or security guards and shall include, but not be limited to, policies that: (6) Identify the school policy required by section 79-262 that addresses the type or category of student conduct or actions that will be referred to law enforcement for prosecution and the type of student conduct or actions that will be resolved as a disciplinary matter by a school official and not subject to referral to law enforcement.
Nebraska Revised Statutes 79-293. Nebraska Criminal Code violation; principal or principal's designee; notify law enforcement authorities; immunity.
(1) The principal of a school or the principal’s designee shall notify as soon as possible the appropriate law enforcement authorities, of the county or city in which the school is located, of any act of the student as provided in subsection (1) of section 79-262 which the principal or designee knows or suspects is a violation of the Nebraska Criminal Code. (2) The principal, the principal’s designee, or any other school employee reporting an alleged violation of the Nebraska Criminal Code shall not be civilly or criminally liable as a result of any report authorized by this section unless (a) such report was false and the person making such report knew or should have known it was false or (b) the report was made with negligent disregard for the truth or falsity of the report.