Outline of the state of Oregon
Authorizes schools to refer to law enforcement

Limits on Referrals to Law Enforcement

Limits on Referrals to Law Enforcement

State law authorizes districts to refer students to local law enforcement.

Oregon Revised Statutes 339.250 Duty of student to comply with rules; policies on discipline suspension expulsion threats of violence or harm firearms and physical force; student handbook or code of conduct; enforcement of policies

(2) Each district school board shall adopt written policies for the discipline, suspension or expulsion of any refractory student. The policies:

  • (e) When an out-of-school suspension is imposed as provided under paragraph (d) of this subsection, must require the school district to take steps to prevent the recurrence of the behavior that led to the out-of-school suspension and return the student to a classroom setting so that the disruption of the student’s academic instruction is minimized.
  • (f) Must be limited so that:
  • (A) The duration of an expulsion may not be more than one calendar year.
  • (B) The duration of a suspension may not be more than 10 school days.
  • (g) Notwithstanding ORS 336.010, may require a student to attend school during nonschool hours as an alternative to suspension if the total number of hours does not exceed the equivalent of 10 school days.

(3) Pursuant to the policies adopted as provided by subsection (2) of this section, each school district shall develop a student handbook, code of conduct or other document that:

  • (a) Defines and helps create a learning environment that students respect;
  • (b) Defines acceptable norms of behavior for students and the types of behavior that are subject to discipline;
  • (c) Establishes procedures to address behavior or circumstances that pose a threat to the safety of students or employees of the school;
  • (d) Establishes a system of consequences that are designed to correct student misconduct and promote behavior within acceptable norms; and
  • (e) Makes the system of consequences known to the school community through the dissemination of information to students, parents, legal guardians and school district employees.

(4) Each district school board shall adopt written policies on managing students who threaten violence or harm in public schools. The policies adopted by a district school board under this section shall include all of the following:

  • (a) Staff reporting methods.
  • (b) Provisions that allow an administrator to consider and implement any of the following options:
  • (A) Immediately removing from the classroom setting any student who has threatened to injure another person or to severely damage school property.
  • (B) Placing the student in a setting where the behavior will receive immediate attention, including, but not limited to, the office of the school principal, vice principal, assistant principal, counselor or a school psychologist licensed by the Teacher Standard and Practices Commission or the office of any licensed mental health professional.
  • (C) Requiring that a school obtain an evaluation of a student by a licensed mental health professional before allowing the student to return to the classroom setting. A student who is removed from the classroom setting for an evaluation may not be removed for more than 10 school days unless the administrator is able to show good cause that an evaluation could not be completed in that time period. The policy must describe the circumstances under which the district school board may enter into contracts with licensed mental health professionals to perform any evaluations required under this subparagraph.
  • (c) The requirement that an administrator provide to the parent or legal guardian of the student notification that describes the student's behavior and the school's response.
Policy Type