State law requires districts to limit use of out-of-school suspension and expulsion based on factors such as student age or offense type.
Maryland Code 7-305. Suspension and expulsion
(b) Suspension and expulsion procedures for attendance-related offenses. --
- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, a student may not be suspended or expelled from school solely for attendance-related offenses.
- (2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection does not apply to in-school suspensions for attendance-related offenses.
Maryland Code 7-305.1. Student enrolled in public prekindergarten program kindergarten first grade or second grade -- Suspension or expulsion prohibited; exceptions.
(c) Intervention and support by school. --
- (1) The school shall provide intervention and support to address the student's behavior if the student is:
- (i) Suspended under subsection (b) of this section; or
- (ii) Enrolled in prekindergarten, kindergarten, first grade, or second grade and:
- Is disruptive to the school environment; or
- Commits an act that would be considered an offense subject to suspension but for the student's grade.
- (2) Intervention and support provided under paragraph (1) of this subsection includes:
- (i) Positive behavior interventions and supports;
- (ii) A behavior intervention plan;
- (iii) A referral to a student support team;
- (iv) A referral to an individualized education program team; and
- (v) A referral for appropriate community-based services.
(d) Remedying impact of behavior. -- The school system shall remedy the impact of a student's behavior through appropriate intervention methods that may include restorative practices.
(e) Regulations. -- On or before May 1, 2018, the Department shall adopt regulations to carry out the requirements of this section.
School Discipline in Maryland: A Look Backward and Forward
This document addresses limits on expulsions and suspensions.