State law requires districts to limit use of out-of-school suspension and expulsion based on factors such as student age or offense type.
Executive Numbered Memo 002-2014-15 - House Bill 2192-School Discipline
Memo on exclusionary discipline in the state
Oregon Administrative Rules 581-021-0065 Suspension
(6) School district boards shall adopt policies that require consideration of the age of a student and the past pattern of behavior of a student prior to imposing the suspension or expulsion of a student. For students in fifth grade or lower, the policies must limit the use of out-of-school suspension to the following circumstances: (a) for non-accidental conduct causing serious physical harm to a student or school employee; (b) when a school administrator determines, based upon the administrators observation or upon a report from a school employee, that the students conduct poses a direct threat to the health or safety of students or school employees; or (c) when the suspension or expulsion is required by law
Oregon Administrative Rules 581-021-0070 Expulsion
(1) Each district school board shall adopt written policies that limit the use of expulsion to the following circumstances: (a) For conduct that poses a threat to the health or safety of students of school employees; (b) When other strategies to change student conduct have been ineffective, except that expulsion may not be used to address truancy; or (c) When the expulsion is required by law (d) In addition to any limitations imposed by paragraphs (a) to (c) of this subsection, board policies must limit the use of expulsion for students in fifth grade or lower to the following circumstances:
- (i) For nonaccidential conduct causing serious physical harm to a student or school employee;
- (ii) When a school administrator determines, based upon the administrators observation or upon a report from a school employee, that the students conduct poses a direct threat to the health or safety of students or school employees
Oregon Revised Statutes 339.250 Duty of student to comply with rules; policies on discipline suspension expulsion threats of violence or harm firearms and physical force; student handbook or code of conduct; enforcement of policies
(2) Each district school board shall adopt written policies for the discipline, suspension or expulsion of any refractory student. The policies:
- (e) When an out-of-school suspension is imposed as provided under paragraph (d) of this subsection, must require the school district to take steps to prevent the recurrence of the behavior that led to the out-of-school suspension and return the student to a classroom setting so that the disruption of the student’s academic instruction is minimized.
- (f) Must be limited so that:
- (A) The duration of an expulsion may not be more than one calendar year.
- (B) The duration of a suspension may not be more than 10 school days.
- (g) Notwithstanding ORS 336.010, may require a student to attend school during nonschool hours as an alternative to suspension if the total number of hours does not exceed the equivalent of 10 school days.
(3) Pursuant to the policies adopted as provided by subsection (2) of this section, each school district shall develop a student handbook, code of conduct or other document that:
- (a) Defines and helps create a learning environment that students respect;
- (b) Defines acceptable norms of behavior for students and the types of behavior that are subject to discipline;
- (c) Establishes procedures to address behavior or circumstances that pose a threat to the safety of students or employees of the school;
- (d) Establishes a system of consequences that are designed to correct student misconduct and promote behavior within acceptable norms; and
- (e) Makes the system of consequences known to the school community through the dissemination of information to students, parents, legal guardians and school district employees.
(4) Each district school board shall adopt written policies on managing students who threaten violence or harm in public schools. The policies adopted by a district school board under this section shall include all of the following:
- (a) Staff reporting methods.
- (b) Provisions that allow an administrator to consider and implement any of the following options:
- (A) Immediately removing from the classroom setting any student who has threatened to injure another person or to severely damage school property.
- (B) Placing the student in a setting where the behavior will receive immediate attention, including, but not limited to, the office of the school principal, vice principal, assistant principal, counselor or a school psychologist licensed by the Teacher Standard and Practices Commission or the office of any licensed mental health professional.
- (C) Requiring that a school obtain an evaluation of a student by a licensed mental health professional before allowing the student to return to the classroom setting. A student who is removed from the classroom setting for an evaluation may not be removed for more than 10 school days unless the administrator is able to show good cause that an evaluation could not be completed in that time period. The policy must describe the circumstances under which the district school board may enter into contracts with licensed mental health professionals to perform any evaluations required under this subparagraph.
- (c) The requirement that an administrator provide to the parent or legal guardian of the student notification that describes the student's behavior and the school's response.