State law requires districts to provide professional development for school personnel on bullying prevention and response.
Utah Administrative Code R277-516-6. Association Professional Standard Setting, Training, and Monitoring.
(2) An association shall establish policies or rules that require:
- (a) coaches and individuals who oversee interscholastic activities or work with students as part of an interscholastic activity to meet a set of professional Standard that are consistent with the Utah Educator Professional Standard described in Rule R277-515; and
- (b) the association or public school to annually train each coach or other individual who oversees or works with students as part of an interscholastic activity of a public school on the following: (ii) the prevention of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, harassment, and retaliation as described in:
- (A) Title 53G, Chapter 9, Part 6, Bullying and Hazing; and
- (B) R277-613; and
Utah Administrative Code R277-609-2. Definitions.
(11) "Policy" means Standard and procedures that include:
- (a) the provisions of Section 53G-8-202 and additional Standard, procedures, and training adopted in an open meeting by a local board of education or charter school board that:
- (i) defines hazing, bullying, and cyber-bullying;
- (ii) prohibits hazing and bullying;
- (iii) requires annual discussion and training designed to prevent hazing, bullying, cyber-bullying, discipline, and emergency safety interventions, among school employees and students; and
- (iv) provides for enforcement through employment action or student discipline.
Utah Administrative Code R277-613-1. Authority and purpose.
(1) This rule is authorized by:
- (a) Utah Constitution Article X, Section 3, which vests general control and supervision over public education in the Board; and
- (b) Subsection 53E-3-401(4)(a), which allows the Board to make rules to execute the Board's duties and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution and state law.
(2) The purpose of the rule is to:
- (a) require LEAs to develop, update, and implement bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, retaliation, and abusive conduct policies at the school district and school level;
- (b) provide for regular and meaningful training of school employees and students;
- (c) provide for enforcement of the policies in schools, at the state level and in public school athletic programs; and
- (d) require an LEA to review allegations of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, retaliation, and abusive conduct.
Utah Administrative Code R277-613-3. Superintendent responsibilities.
(1) Subject to availability of funds, the Superintendent shall provide:
- (a) a model policy on bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation as required in Section 53G-9-606;
- (b) model training and training opportunities on:
- (i) the prevention and identification of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation, that an LEA may use to train the LEA's employees, contract employees, and volunteers, including coaches; and
- (ii) the reporting and review requirements in Section R277-613-5;
- (c) evidence based practices and policies related to the prevention of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation.
(2) Although an LEA is required to have a policy on bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, retaliation and abusive conduct as described in Section 53G-9-605 and this rule and provide training as described in Section 53G-9-607 and this rule, the LEA is not required to use the model policy or model training developed by the Superintendent described in Subsection (1).
(3) The Board may interrupt disbursements of funds consistent with Subsection 53E-3-401(8) and Rule R277-114 for failure of an LEA to comply with:
- (a) Title 53G, Chapter 9, Bulling and Hazing; and
- (b) this rule.
(4) In addition to the requirements of Title 53G, Chapter 9, Bullying and Hazing and this R277-613, LEAs are required to comply with applicable federal requirements.
Utah Administrative Code R277-613-4. LEA Responsibility to Create or Update Bullying Policies.
(a) An LEA shall provide that students, school employees, coaches, and volunteers receive training on bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation, from individuals qualified to provide such training.
(b) The training described in Subsection (5)(a) shall:
(i) include information on various types of aggression and bullying, including:
(A) overt aggression that may include physical fighting such as punching, shoving, kicking, and verbal threatening behavior, such as name calling, or both physical and verbal aggression or threatening behavior;
(B) relational aggression or indirect, covert, or social aggression, including rumor spreading, intimidation, enlisting a friend to assault a child, and social isolation;
(C) sexual aggression or acts of a sexual nature or with sexual overtones;
(D) cyber-bullying, including use of email, web pages, text messaging, instant messaging, social media, three-way calling or messaging or any other electronic means for aggression inside or outside of school;
(E) bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing and retaliation based upon the students' or employees' identification as part of any group protected from discrimination under the following federal laws:
(i) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, including discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin;
(ii) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, including discrimination on the basis of sex; or
(iii) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, including discrimination on the basis of disability; and
(F) bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation based upon the students' or employees' actual or perceived characteristics, including race, color, national origin, sex, disability, religion, gender identity, sexual orientation, or other physical or mental attributes or conformance or failure to conform with stereotypes;
(ii) complement the suicide prevention program required for students under Rule R277-620 and the suicide prevention training required for licensed educators consistent with Subsection 53G-9-704(1); and
(iii) include information on when issues relating to this rule may lead to student or employee discipline.
(6) The training described in Subsection (5) shall be offered to:
- (a) new school employees, coaches, and volunteers; and
- (b) all school employees, coaches, and volunteers at least once every three years.
Utah Administrative Code R277-613-5. Reporting and Incident Investigations of Allegations of Bullying, Cyber-bullying, Hazing, and Retaliation.
(1) In accordance with an action plan adopted in accordance with Subsection R277-613-4(1)(c), an LEA shall:
- (a) investigate allegations of incidents of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation in accordance with this section; and
- (b) provide an individual who investigates allegations of incidents of bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation with adequate training on conducting an investigation.
Utah Administrative Code R277-613-6. Training by LEAs Specific to Participants in Public School Athletic Program and School Clubs.
- (a) Prior to any student, employee or volunteer coach participating in a public school sponsored athletic program, both curricular and extracurricular, or extracurricular club or activity, the student, employee or coach shall participate in bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, and retaliation prevention training.
- (b) A training described in Subsection (1)(a) shall be offered to new participants on an annual basis and to all participants at least once every three years.
(2) An LEA shall inform student athletes and extracurricular club members of prohibited activities under this rule and potential consequences for violation of the law and the rule.
(3) An LEA shall maintain training participant lists or signatures, to be provided to the Board upon request.
Utah Code 53G-8-802. State Safety and Support Program — State board duties.
(2) The state board shall:
- (b) provide training:
- (ii) in evidence-based approaches to improve school climate and address and correct bullying behavior.
Utah Code 53G-9-607. Training, education, and prevention -- Standard.
(1)(a) An LEA governing board shall include in the training of a school employee training regarding bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, abusive conduct, and retaliation that meets the Standard described in Subsection (4).
- (b) An LEA governing board may offer voluntary training to parents and students regarding abusive conduct.
(2) To the extent that state or federal funding is available for this purpose, LEA governing boards are encouraged to implement programs or initiatives, in addition to the training described in Subsection (1), to provide for training and education regarding, and the prevention of, bullying, hazing, abusive conduct, and retaliation.
(3) The programs or initiatives described in Subsection (2) may involve:
- (a) the establishment of a bullying task force; or
- (b) the involvement of school employees, students, or law enforcement.
(4) The state board shall make rules that establish Standard for high quality training related to bullying, cyber-bullying, hazing, abusive conduct, and retaliation.
Utah Code 53G-9-702. Youth suicide prevention programs required in secondary schools - State board to develop model programs
(2) In collaboration with the public education suicide prevention coordinator, a school district or charter school, in the secondary grades of the school district or charter school, shall implement a youth suicide prevention program, which, in collaboration with the training, programs, and initiatives described in Section 53G-9-607, shall include programs and training to address:
- (a) bullying and cyberbullying, as those terms are defined in Section 53G-9-601;
- (b) prevention of youth suicide;
- (c) increased risk of suicide among youth who are not accepted by family for any reason, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning youth;
- (d) youth suicide intervention;
- (e) postvention for family, students, and faculty;
- (f) underage drinking of alcohol;
- (g) methods of strengthening the family; and
- (h) methods of strengthening a youth’s relationships in the school and community.