State law requires districts to utilize environmentally-safe chemicals and/or to reduce chemical exposure in schools.
Hawaii Administrative Rules 502 Asbestos-Containing Materials in Schools
§ 11-502-1 Scope and purpose. (a) This chapter requires the local education agencies to identify friable and nonfriable asbestos-containing material in public and private elementary and secondary schools by visually inspecting school buildings for such materials, sampling such materials if they are not assumed to be asbestos-containing material, and having samples analyzed by appropriate techniques referred to in this chapter. This chapter also includes record keeping requirements, including the development of an asbestos management plan. This chapter requires the use of persons who have been certified to conduct inspections, reinspections, develop management plans, or perform response actions as required in chapter 11-504. Local education agencies may contractually delegate duties mandated pursuant to this chapter, but each remains responsible for the proper performance of those duties. The local education agencies are encouraged to consult with EPA Regional Asbestos Coordinators or the department of health for assistance in complying with these rules.
(b) Local education agencies shall provide for the transportation and disposal of asbestos in accordance with 40 CFR Part 763, subpart E, appendix D, entitled "Transport and Disposal of Asbestos Waste." There are federal regulations in place, however, that affect transportation and disposal of asbestos waste generated through compliance with these rules. The transportation of asbestos waste is covered by the department of transportation (49 CFR Part 173, subpart J), and disposal is covered by state asbestos requirements in accordance with chapter 11-501
§ 11-502-2 Definitions. As used in this chapter: "Asbestos-containing material" when referring to school buildings means any material or product which contains more than one per cent asbestos. "School" means any elementary or secondary school. "School building" means:
- (1) Any structure suitable for use as a classroom, including a school facility such as a laboratory, library, school eating facility, or facility used for the preparation of food;
- (2) Any gymnasium or other facility which is specially designed for athletic or recreational activities for an academic course in physical education;
- (3) Any other facility used for the instruction or housing of students or for the administration of educational or research programs;
- (4) Any maintenance, storage, or utility facility, including any hallway, essential to the operation of any facility described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3);
- (5) Any portico or covered exterior hallway or walkway; and
- (6) Any exterior portion of a mechanical system used to condition interior space.
§ 11-502-4 Local education agency responsibilities. (a) Each local education agency shall:
- (1) Ensure that the activities of any persons who perform inspections, reinspections, and periodic surveillance, develop and update management plans, and develop and implement response actions, including operations and maintenance, are carried out in accordance with this chapter;
- (2) Ensure that all custodial and maintenance employees are properly trained as required by this chapter and other applicable federal or state regulations;
- (3) Ensure that workers and building occupants or their legal guardians, are informed at least once each school year about inspections, response actions, and post-response action activities, including periodic reinspection and surveillance activities that are planned or in progress;
- (4) Ensure that short-term workers (e.g., telephone repair workers, utility workers, or exterminators) who may come in contact with asbestos in a school are provided information regarding the locations of ACBM and suspected ACBM assumed to be ACM;
- (5) Ensure that warning labels are posted in accordance with section 11-502-14;
- (6) Ensure that management plans are available for inspection and notification of such availability has been provided as specified in the management plan, pursuant to section 11-502-12 (g);
- (7) Designate a person to ensure that requirements of this chapter are properly implemented;
- (8) Ensure that the person designated under paragraph 7 receives adequate training to perform duties assigned pursuant to this chapter. Such training shall provide, as necessary, basic knowledge of:
- (A) Health effects of asbestos;
- (B) Detection, identification, and assessment of ACM;
- (C) Options for controlling ACBM;
- (D) Asbestos management programs; and
- (E) Relevant federal and state regulations concerning asbestos, including those in this chapter and those of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. department of Labor, the U.S. department of Transportation and the EPA; and
- (9) Consider whether any conflict of interest may arise from the interrelationship among certified personnel and whether that should influence the selection of certified personnel to perform activities pursuant to this chapter.
Hawaii Revised Statutes 302A-1509 Environmentally-sensitive cleaning and maintenance products for use in public schools.
The department of education shall require that all public school facilities give first preference, where feasible, to the purchase and use of environmentally-sensitive cleaning and maintenance products that have been approved by the Green Seal program pursuant to section 321-26.5, for use in public school facilities:
(1) To clean hard surfaces in bathrooms such as counters, walls, floors, fixtures, basins, tubs, or tile;
(2) To eliminate dirt and stains on rugs and carpeting;
(3) For routine cleaning of hard surfaces, including impervious flooring such as concrete or tile; provided that this category shall not include:
(A) Products intended primarily to strip, polish, or wax floors; or
(B) Cleaners intended primarily for cleaning toilet bowls, dishes, laundry, upholstery, or wood;
(4) To clean glass, windows, mirrors, or metallic or polished surfaces;
(5) For routine, non-specialized hand cleaning;
(6) Paper towels or other paper used for cleaning; provided that this category shall not include toilet paper, facial tissue, or paper towels used for drying hands; and
(7) Other categories as identified in the department of health.
Hawaii Revised Statutes 321-26.5 Environmentally-sensitive cleaning and maintenance products for use in public schools; approved list of products.
(a) The department of health shall maintain a list of products that have been approved by the Green Seal program for public school facilities to use as a first preference guideline when purchasing and using environmentally-sensitive cleaning and maintenance products; provided that the department may add or remove any product from the list as deemed necessary by the director.
(b) The department shall review and evaluate existing research regarding environmentally-sensitive cleaning and maintenance products, including any research and guidance issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
HIDOE Emergency Operations Plan
Emergency Operations Guide establishes protections for students by prohibiting use of certain harmful chemicals in schools.
SP 6380: Hazard Communication Program; Introduction
Standard of Practice describes the DOE Hazard Communication Program requirements.
SP 6381: Hazard Communication and Hazardous Chemicals Inventory; Requirements
Standard of Practice describes the requirements of the hazard determination and hazardous chemicals inventory related to the DOE Hazard Communication Program.
SP 6382: Labeling Requirements for Hazardous Chemicals
Standard of Practice describes the requirements for labeling hazardous chemicals related to the DOE Hazard Communication Program.
SP 6383: Material Safety Data Sheet; Information
Standard of Practice describes the information found on the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
SP 6384: Material Safety Data Sheet; Requirements
Standard of Practice describes the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) requirements of the DOE Hazard Communication Program.
SP 6385: Hazard Communication Program—Employee Information and Training; Requirements
Standard of Practice describes the requirements for providing employees with information and training related to the DOE Hazard Communication Program.
What You Need to Know About Lead, Arsenic, and Organochlorine Pesticides in Soils at Hawai‘i Schools
Fact sheet provides schools with an overview of lead, arsenic, and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in soils at schools in Hawai‘i and discusses methods for reducing exposure to these contaminants, potential human health concerns, and resources for further information.