State law requires districts to develop school emergency operations plans (EOPs) that include procedures for plan review and update.
Indiana Administrative Code 511 4-1.5-7 Crisis intervention plans
Sec. 7. Each school corporation shall, in concert with the emergency preparedness plan developed under 511 IAC 6.1-2-2.5, develop a crisis intervention plan for the school corporation and for each school in the school corporation. The plan, which should be developed by student services personnel in conjunction with school administrators and community crisis intervention personnel, shall include crisis management and intervention provisions.
Indiana Administrative Code 511 6.1-2-2.5 Safe schools and emergency preparedness planning
(a) Each school corporation shall, in consultation with local public safety agencies, develop a written emergency preparedness plan for the school corporation and each school in the corporation. An emergency preparedness plan shall, at a minimum, contain the following:
(1) Appropriate warning systems.
(2) Procedures for notifying other agencies and organizations.
(3) Posting of evacuation routes.
(4) Emergency preparedness instruction for staff and students.
(5) Public information procedures.
(6) Steps that will be taken prior to a decision to evacuate buildings or dismiss classes.
(7) Provisions to protect the safety and well-being of staff, students, and the public in case of:
(B) natural disaster, such as tornado, flood, or earthquake;
(C) adverse weather conditions, such as winter storms or extreme heat;
(D) nuclear contamination, such as power plant or transport vehicle spills;
(E) exposure to chemicals, such as pesticides, industrial spills and contaminants, laboratory chemicals, and cleaning agents; and
(F) manmade occurrences, such as student disturbance, weapon, weapon of mass destruction, contamination of water supply or air supply, hostage, and kidnaping incidents.
(b) Within sixty (60) days after the beginning date of each school year, the superintendent shall certify to the department that the emergency preparedness plans for the school corporation and each school in the school corporation have been reviewed and revised, if necessary. Within sixty (60) days of opening a new or significantly remodeled school, the superintendent shall certify to the department that a new plan has been developed or that the existing plan has been reviewed and revised, if necessary.
(c) Emergency preparedness plans shall be available for inspection by the department.
Indiana Code 10-21-1-2 Indiana scecured school fund
(a) The Indiana secured school fund is established to provide matching grants to enable school corporations, charter schools, and accredited nonpublic schools to establish programs under which a school corporation, charter school, or accredited nonpublic school (or a coalition of schools) may:
- (1) employ a school resource officer, employ a law enforcement officer, or enter into a contract or a memorandum of understanding with a:
- (A) local law enforcement agency;
- (B) private entity; or
- (C) nonprofit corporation; to employ a school resource officer or a law enforcement officer;
- (2) conduct a threat assessment of the buildings within a school corporation or the buildings that are operated by a charter school or accredited nonpublic school;
- (3) purchase equipment and technology to:
- (A) restrict access to school property; or
- (B) expedite notification of first responders; (b) The fund shall be administered by the department of homeland security. (c) The fund consists of:
- (1) appropriations from the general assembly;
- (2) grants from the Indiana safe schools fund established by IC 5-2-10.1-2;
- (3) federal grants; and
- (4) amounts deposited from any other public or private source. (d) The expenses of administering the fund shall be paid from money in the fund. (e) The treasurer of state shall invest the money in the fund not currently needed to meet the obligations of the fund in the same manner as other public money may be invested. Interest that accrues from these investments shall be deposited in the fund. (f) Money in the fund at the end of a state fiscal year does not revert to the state general fund.
Indiana Code 10-21-1.5-2 "Emergency response system"
As used in this chapter, “emergency response system” means systems designed to improve technology and infrastructure on school property that may be used to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from a manmade or natural disaster or emergency occurring on school property.
Indiana Code 10-21-1.5-4 Emergency response system guidelines
Not later than July 1, 2017, the department shall establish and maintain guidelines for emergency response systems. The department shall establish emergency response system guidelines with input from the division of school building physical security and safety (established by IC 20-19-3-14).
Indiana Code 20-19-3-14 Establishment and responsibilities of division of school building physical security and safety.
(a) As used in this section, “division” refers to the division of school building physical security and safety established by subsection (c). (b) As used in this section, “physical security” refers to security measures that are designed to deny unauthorized access to a building or facility, including equipment and resources, and to protect individuals and property from damage or harm. (c) The division of school building physical security and safety is established within the department. (d) The division shall:
- (1) establish and maintain guidelines for using professional architectural and engineering services to integrate physical security improvements and safety practices in the construction, renovation, repair, or alteration of a school facility;
- (2) carry out the department’s responsibilities with regards to the school safety specialist training and certification program established in IC 5-2-10.1-11;
- (3) establish and maintain guidelines for establishing emergency response protocols in cooperation with other state agencies;
Indiana Code 20-26-18.2-1 "School resource officer"
(a) As used in this chapter, “school resource officer” means an individual who:
- (1) has completed the training described in subsection (b);
- (2) is assigned to one (1) or more school corporations or charter schools to:
- (A) assist the school safety specialist with the development and implementation of the school safety plan as provided in section 2 [IC 20-26-18.2-2] of this chapter; and
- (B) carry out any additional responsibilities assigned to the school resource officer under the employment engagement, contract, or memorandum of understanding and to:
- (i) protect against outside threats to the physical safety of students;
- (ii) prevent unauthorized access to school property; and
- (iii) secure schools against violence and natural disasters; and
- (3) is:
- (A) employed by a law enforcement agency;
- (B) appointed as a police reserve officer (as described in IC 36-8-3-20) or as a special deputy (as described in IC 36-8-10-10.6) if the police reserve officer or special deputy:
- (i) is subject to the direction of the sheriff or appointing law enforcement agency;
- (ii) is required to obey the rules and orders of the sheriff’s department or appointing law enforcement agency;
- (iii) is required to complete all training required of regular full-time law enforcement officers employed by the sheriff’s department or appointing law enforcement agency; and
- (iv) may be removed by the sheriff or appointing law enforcement agency at any time, with or without cause; or
- (C) a school corporation police officer appointed under IC 20-26-16-3.
(b) Before being appointed as a school resource officer, an individual must have:
- (1) successfully completed the minimum training requirements established for law enforcement officers under IC 5-2-1-9; and
- (2) received at least forty (40) hours of school resource officer training through:
- (A) the Indiana law enforcement training board established by IC 5-2-1-3;
- (B) the National Association of School Resource Officers; or
- (C) another school resource officer training program approved by the Indiana law enforcement training board.
(c) Training described in subsection (b)(2) must include instruction regarding skills, tactics, and strategies necessary to address the special nature of:
- (1) school campuses; and
- (2) school building security needs and characteristics.
Indiana Code 20-26-18.2-2 Where school resource officers may be employed
(b) A contract or memorandum of understanding entered into under subsection (a) must state the nature and scope of a school resource officer’s duties and responsibilities. A school resource officer’s duties and responsibilities include the duty to assist the school corporation’s school safety specialist with the development and implementation of a school safety plan that does the following:
- (1) Protects against outside threats to the physical safety of students.
- (2) Prevents unauthorized access to school property.
- (3) Secures schools against violence and natural disasters.
- (4) On or before July 1, 2020, identifies the location of bleeding control kits (as defined in IC 20-34-3-24(a)).
Indiana Code 5-2-10.1-6 Application for grants; safety plan
(a) A school corporation, school corporation career and technical education school described in IC 20-37-1-1, or charter school (as defined in IC 20-24-1-4) may receive a grant from the fund for programs, equipment, services, or activities included in a safety plan submitted with the application for funds to the institute. (b) A safety plan submitted under this section must include provisions for zero (0) tolerance for alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and weapons on school property. If the institute approves the safety plan and application, the treasurer of state shall disburse from the fund to the applicant the amount of the grant certified to the treasurer of state by the institute.