State law requires districts to implement multi-hazard practice drills (e.g., fire, lockdown, active shooter, or evacuation drills) and encourages or requires inter-agency coordination.
Code of Alabama 16-1-44 School safety or security — Plans and protocols; drills and procedures.
(e) The principal or his or her designee shall instruct and train students concerning procedures to be used for emergency drills and evacuations. The principal or his or her designee shall ensure that all safety and security drills and procedures are conducted and performed no less than what is required by state or federal law, or both. The doors and exits of each school may be locked from the outside but shall allow for immediate egress by those inside the building during school hours and at all school functions. An emergency drill shall include, but not be limited to, safety, security, severe weather, fire, and school lockdown drills. (f) In conjunction with drills or evacuations required by subsection (e), a principal or his or her designee shall instruct students in safety precautions to be taken in case of a severe weather watch, alert, or warning. A principal or his or her designee shall designate, in accordance with Standard prescribed by the local superintendent of education in conjunction with local public safety officials and the fire marshal, or appropriate local fire safety official in counties that do not have a fire marshal, appropriate locations to be used to shelter students in case of a severe weather watch, alert, or warning. (g) In the event of an immediate threat to a school involving acts of violence, such as terrorism, a person possessing a firearm or a deadly weapon, or any other threat of violence, any person who perceives the threat, or his or her designee, may institute a lockdown alert level for the school. In addition to the requirements of subsection (e), the principal or his or her designee shall conduct a school lockdown drill during the first six weeks of the fall and spring semesters of each school year to provide students with instruction in the procedures to follow in the case of a school lockdown. The principal or his or her designee shall hold an annual training session for employees of the school regarding the school lockdown plan, drills, and procedures to be conducted during a school year.
Code of Alabama 36-19-10 Designation of smoking areas; requirements; nonsmoking policies.
The Fire Marshal, his or her deputies and assistants shall require officials and teachers of public and private schools and educational institutions to have at least one emergency drill each month and to have all doors and exits at such schools and educational institutions open out and that all such doors and exits shall be unlocked during school hours and that the doors and exits of factories, asylums, hospitals, churches, halls, theatres, amphitheatres and other places in which numbers of persons live, work or congregate from time to time, for any purpose or purposes, shall open out. For the purposes of this section, an emergency drill shall include, but not be limited to, a fire drill, severe weather drill, or code red drill as provided in Section 16-1-44.