State law requires districts to implement multi-hazard practice drills (e.g., fire, lockdown, active shooter, or evacuation drills) without requiring inter-agency coordination.
Administrative Rules of Montana 10.55.721 Hazard and emergency plans
(1) A local board of trustees shall adopt a policy addressing a school safety plan or emergency operations plan. The plan required by this rule shall be periodically reviewed and updated as determined necessary by the trustees based on changing circumstances pertaining to school safety.
(2) The plan shall include:
(a) identification and assessment of the risks posed by potential local hazards within the boundaries of its school district;
(b) designing and incorporating regularly conducted disaster drills to address the hazards identified pursuant to (1);
(c) prevention, mitigation, response, and recovery before, during, and after an event; and
Administrative Rules of Montana 23.12.601 Adoption of the international fire code (2012 edition)
(i) 405.2 Delete section and replace with: "Frequency. Required emergency evacuation drills shall be held at the intervals specified in 20-1-402, MCA. There must be at least eight emergency evacuation/disaster drills held a year in a school. At least four of the drills must be fire exit drills. Drills must be held at different hours of the day or evening to avoid distinction between drills and actual disasters." In Table 405.2, delete the word "monthly" from the Frequency column, applicable to Group E, and replace with "20-1-402, MCA."
Montana Code Annotated 20-1-407. Inspection of exits - cooperation with local authorities having jurisdiction in drills.
It is the duty of the school authorities to inspect all exit facilities periodically in order to make sure that all stairways, doors, and other exits are in proper condition. School authorities shall cooperate with the local authorities having jurisdiction in conducting disaster drills.
Montana Code Annotated 20.1.041. Disaster drills to be conducted regularly -- districts to identify disaster risks and adopt school safety plan.
(1) As used in this part, “disaster” means the occurrence or imminent threat of damage, injury, or loss of life or property. Disaster drills must be conducted regularly in accordance with this part.
(2) A board of trustees shall identify the local hazards that exist within the boundaries of its school district and design and incorporate drills in its school safety plan or emergency operations plan to address those hazards.
(3) A board of trustees shall adopt a school safety plan or emergency operations plan that addresses issues of school safety relating to school buildings and facilities, communications systems, and school grounds with the input from the local community and that addresses coordination on issues of school safety, if any, with the county or regional interdisciplinary child information and school safety team provided for in 52-2-211. The trustees shall certify to the office of public instruction that a school safety plan or emergency operations plan has been adopted. The trustees shall review the school safety plan or emergency operations plan periodically and update the plan as determined necessary by the trustees based on changing circumstances pertaining to school safety. Once the trustees have made the certification to the office of public instruction, the trustees may transfer funds pursuant to 20-9-236 to make improvements to school safety and security.
Montana Code Annotated 20.1.402. Number of disaster drills required - time of drills to vary.
There must be at least eight disaster drills a year in a school. Drills must be held at different hours of the day or evening to avoid distinction between drills and actual disasters.