State law requires districts to implement multi-hazard practice drills (e.g., fire, lockdown, active shooter, or evacuation drills) and encourages or requires inter-agency coordination.
Code of Maryland Regulations 13A.02.02.04 Emergency Plan.
C. Each local school system and the SEED School shall develop and implement an annual schedule of drills for each school grounds within the system. In addition to fire drills, the following drills shall be conducted annually:
- (1) Evacuation;
- (2) Shelter in place;
- (3) Reverse evacuation;
- (4) Lock down;
- (5) Drop, cover, and hold; and
- (6) Severe weather.
Emergency Planning Guidelines for Local School Systems and Schools
Full scale exercises can also be used to assist LSSs and local emergency management agencies to practice an actual drill from start to finish. Such exercises allow agencies to practice with the use of equipment, establish roles, and experience what would actually happen in a way that cannot be assessed during tabletop exercises.
Maryland Code 7-1509. Regulations; drills; emergency response policies.
(a) Regulations. -- The Department, in consultation with the Subcabinet, may adopt regulations to incorporate in the annual schedule of drills for each local school system developmentally and age-appropriate components of:
- (1) The Active Shooter Preparedness Program developed by the Department of Homeland Security or guidelines; or
- (2) The active shooter guidelines adopted by the Maryland Active Assailant Work Group established under Executive Order 01.01.2018.08.
(b) Drills. -- Drills incorporated into the annual schedule of drills under subsection (a) of this section may include developmentally and age-appropriate procedures for students or school personnel in:
- (1) Securing classrooms;
- (2) Barricading classrooms and school entries;
- (3) Taking refuge in the classroom; and
- (4) When appropriate, escape from the classroom or school.
(c) Notification of changes to regulations. -- The Department shall notify the Governor and, in accordance with § 2-1257 of the State Government Article, the Legislative Policy Committee of proposed changes to regulations that alter the annual schedule of drills as provided under this section.
(d) Policies for emergency response. -- Each local school system shall collaborate with the local law enforcement agency to establish policies for responding to an emergency at each public school in the county.
Maryland Code 7-408. Fire drills
(a) Required. -- The State Superintendent shall require each county superintendent to hold a fire drill in each public school in accordance with the State Fire Prevention Code established under § 6-206 of the Public Safety Article.
(b) Records to be kept. -- Each public school shall:
- (1) Keep records of these fire drills; and
- (2) Send a copy to the county superintendent.