State law requires districts to implement multi-hazard practice drills (e.g., fire, lockdown, active shooter, or evacuation drills) and encourages or requires inter-agency coordination.
Florida Statutes 1006.07 District school board duties relating to student discipline and school safety.
(4) Emergency drills; emergency procedures.
(a) Formulate and prescribe policies and procedures, in consultation with the appropriate public safety agencies, for emergency drills and for actual emergencies, including, but not limited to, fires, natural disasters, active shooter and hostage situations, and bomb threats, for all students and faculty at all public schools of the district comprised of grades K-12. Drills for active shooter and hostage situations shall be conducted in accordance with developmentally appropriate and age-appropriate procedures at least as often as other emergency drills. District school board policies shall include commonly used alarm system responses for specific types of emergencies and verification by each school that drills have been provided as required by law and fire protection codes. The emergency response policy shall identify the individuals responsible for contacting the primary emergency response agency and the emergency response agency that is responsible for notifying the school district for each type of emergency.
(b) Establish model emergency management and emergency preparedness procedures, including emergency notification procedures pursuant to paragraph (a), for the following life-threatening emergencies:
Weapon-use, hostage, and active shooter situations. The active shooter situation training for each school must engage the participation of the district school safety specialist, threat assessment team members, faculty, staff, and students and must be conducted by the law enforcement agency or agencies that are designated as first responders to the school’s campus.
Hazardous materials or toxic chemical spills.
Weather emergencies, including hurricanes, tornadoes, and severe storms.
Exposure as a result of a manmade emergency.
Statewide Policy for Strengthening Domestic Security in Florida’s Public Schools
This policy provides guidance to school districts in terms of terrorism protection procedures to help public schools prevent, prepare for, and respond to possible terrorist attacks, including conducting domestic security drills.