State law requires districts to implement multi-hazard practice drills (e.g., fire, lockdown, active shooter, or evacuation drills) and encourages or requires inter-agency coordination.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 156.095. Professional development programs — Professional development coordinator — Long-term improvement plans — Suicide prevention awareness information — Suicide prevention training — Active shooter training, also applicable to charter schools — Evidence-informed trainings on child abuse and neglect — Electronic consumer bulletin board — Training to address needs of students at risk — Teacher academics — Annual report to Juvenile Justice Oversight Council.
(7) (a) By November 1, 2019, and November 1 of each year thereafter, a minimum of one (1) hour of training on how to respond to an active shooter situation shall be required for all school district employees with job duties requiring direct contact with students. The training shall be provided either in person, by live streaming, or via a video recording prepared by the Kentucky Department of Education in collaboration with the Kentucky Law Enforcement Council and the Center for School Safety and may be included in the four (4) days of professional development under KRS 158.070. (b) When a staff member subject to the training requirements of this subsection is initially hired after the training has been provided for the school year, the local district shall provide materials on how to respond to an active shooter situation. (c) The requirements of this subsection shall also apply to public charter schools as a health and safety requirement under KRS 160.1592(1).
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.162 Mandatory adoption of emergency management response plan in each public school.
(5) Each local board of education shall require the principal in each public school building in its jurisdiction to conduct, at a minimum, emergency response drills to include one (1) severe weather drill, one (1) earthquake drill, and one (1) lockdown drill within the first thirty (30) instructional days of each school year and again during the month of January. Required fire drills shall be conducted according to administrative regulations promulgated by the Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction. Whenever possible, first responders shall be invited to observe emergency response drills.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.164 Building lockdown procedures - Practice.
(1) As used in this section, “building lockdown” means to restrict the mobility of building occupants to maintain their safety and care. (2) Each local board of education shall require the school council or, if none exists, the principal in each public school building in its jurisdiction to establish procedures to perform a building lockdown, including protective measures to be taken during and immediately following the lockdown. Local law enforcement agencies shall be invited to assist in establishing lockdown procedures. (3) Students, certified staff, and classified staff shall be informed annually of building lockdown procedures. (4) A building lockdown practice shall be held at least twice during each school year, with at least one (1) practice being held within the first thirty (30) instructional days of the school year and one (1) practice being held during the month of January.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.4412 Appointment of district-level school administrator to serve as district’s school safety coordinator — School safety coordinator’s functions and duties — Policies and procedures excluded from application of KRS 61.870 to 61.884 — Limitation of civil and criminal liability for school district, school safety coordinator, and school employees acting in good faith.
(2) The district’s school safety coordinator shall:
- (f) Formulate recommended policies and procedures, which shall be excluded from the application of KRS 61.870 to 61.884, for an all-hazards approach including conducting emergency response drills for hostage, active shooter, and building lockdown situations in consultation and coordination with appropriate public safety agencies to include but not be limited to fire, police, and emergency medical services for review and adoption as part of the school emergency plan required by KRS 158.162. The recommended policies shall encourage the involvement of students, as appropriate, in the development of the school’s emergency plan
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.4415 Kentucky State Police school resource officer (KSPSRO), specifications for employment as a school resource office by a school district -- When officer considered an employee of the school district and when an employee of the Kentucky State Police -- Duties and prohibited activities -- Funding of position -- Rights, privileges, immunities, and matters of defense protected.
- (b) A KSPSRO may assist with supportive activities and programs, including but not limited to:
- Planning and implementing procedures that train and drill all school personnel to respond to crisis events, control access to the school property during the school day, and close or partially close the school property after students arrive;
- Identifying risk and protective factors of students; and
- Coordinating nurturing intervention and prevention efforts.