State law regulation or district policy requires districts to adopt threat assessment policies.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.4412 Appointment of district-level school administrator to serve as district’s school safety coordinator — School safety coordinator’s functions and duties — Policies and procedures excluded from application of KRS 61.870 to 61.884 — Limitation of civil and criminal liability for school district, school safety coordinator, and school employees acting in good faith.
(2) The district’s school safety coordinator shall:
- (a) Complete the school safety coordinator training program developed by the Center for School Safety within six (6) months of his or her date of appointment;
- (b) Designate a school safety and security threat assessment team at each school of the district consisting of two (2) or more staff members in accordance with policies and procedures adopted by the local board of education to identify and respond to students exhibiting behavior that indicates a potential threat to school safety or security. Members of a threat assessment team may include school administrators, school counselors, school resource officers, school-based mental health services providers, teachers, and other school personnel;
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.4414. Cooperation of school personnel with local and state law enforcement agencies in efforts to assign certified school resource officers to each campus as funds and personnel become available — Memorandum of understanding between local boards of education and law enforcement agencies or the Kentucky State Police — Policies and procedures stating the purpose of the school resource officer program and defining roles and expectations — School resource officer to be armed with firearm — Promulgation of administrative regulations establishing levels of training for certification of school resource officers — Course curriculum, specifications for training requirements, and consequences for deficiencies in required training — Officers to regain certification status upon completion of training deficiency — Local school district superintendents to report annually to the Center for School Safety upon the number and placement of school resource officers in the district, source of funding, and methods of employment for each position.
(1) Local boards of education, school district superintendents, administrators of state-controlled facilities, and local and state law enforcement agencies shall cooperate to assign one (1) or more certified school resource officers to serve each campus where one (1) or more school buildings are used to deliver instruction to students on a continuous basis as funds and qualified personnel become available. (2) Local boards of education utilizing a school resource officer employed by a law enforcement agency or the Department of Kentucky State Police shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the law enforcement agency or the Department of Kentucky State Police that specifically states the purpose of the school resource officer program and clearly defines the roles and expectations of each party involved in the program. The memorandum shall provide that the school resource officer shall not be responsible for school discipline matters that are the responsibility of school administrators or school employees. (3) Local boards of education utilizing a school resource officer employed directly by the local board of education shall adopt policies and procedures that specifically state the purpose of the school resource officer program and clearly define the roles and expectations of school resource officers and other school employees. (4) In accordance with KRS 61.926, 527.020, and 527.070, as applicable, each school resource officer shall be armed with a firearm, notwithstanding any provision of local board policy, local school council policy, or memorandum of agreement. (5) On or before January 1, 2020, the Kentucky Law Enforcement Council, in collaboration with the Center for School Safety, shall promulgate administrative regulations in accordance with KRS Chapter 13A to establish three (3) levels of training for certification of school resource officers first employed as a school resource officer on or after March 11, 2019: School Resource Officer Training I (SRO I), School Resource Officer Training II (SRO II), and School Resource Officer Training III (SRO III). Each level shall consist of forty (40) hours of training, with SRO I to be completed within one (1) year of the date of the officer’s employment and SRO II and SRO III within the subsequent two (2) years. (6) Course curriculum for school resource officers employed on or after March 11, 2019, shall include but not be limited to:
- (a) Foundations of school-based law enforcement;
- (b) Threat assessment and response;
- (c) Youth drug use and abuse;
- (d) Social media and cyber security;
- (e) School resource officers as teachers and mentors;
- (f) Youth mental health awareness;
- (g) Diversity and bias awareness training;
- (h) Trauma-informed action;
- (i) Understanding students with special needs; and
- (j) De-escalation strategies.
School Safety and Resiliency Act
Each school is required to have a designated school threat assessment team consisting of two or more staff members, which may include school administrators, school counselors, school resource officers, school-based mental health services providers, teachers, and other school personnel.