State law authorizes the placement of local law enforcement or security personnel and establishes clear guidelines and safeguards regarding the appropriate role of officers on school campuses.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.441 Definitions for chapter.
As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise: As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:
- (1) “Intervention services” means any preventive, developmental, corrective, supportive services or treatment provided to a student who is at risk of school failure, is at risk of participation in violent behavior or juvenile crime, or has been expelled from the school district. Services may include, but are not limited to, screening to identify students at risk for emotional disabilities and antisocial behavior; direct instruction in academic, social, problem solving, and conflict resolution skills; alternative educational programs; psychological services; identification and assessment of abilities; counseling services; medical services; day treatment; family services; work and community service programs;
- (2) “Kentucky State Police school resource officer” or “KSPSRO” means a Kentucky State Police officer, CVE R Class, or Trooper R Class, as defined in KRS 16.010, who is employed by a school district as a school resource officer, as defined in this section, through a contract as secondary employment for the officer;
- (5) “School resource officer” or “SRO” means an officer whose primary job function is to work with youth at a school site as described in Section 3 of this Act, who has specialized training to work with youth at a school site pursuant to Section 3 of this Act, and who is:
- A sworn law enforcement officer; or
- A special law enforcement officer appointed pursuant to KRS 61.902; and
- (b) Employed:
- Through a contract between a local law enforcement agency and a school district;
- Through a contract as secondary employment for an officer, as defined in KRS 16.010, between the Department of Kentucky State Police and a school district; or
- Directly by a local board of education;
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.4414. Cooperation of school personnel with local and state law enforcement agencies in efforts to assign certified school resource officers to each school as funds and personnel become available — Memorandum of understanding between local boards of education and law enforcement agencies or the Kentucky State Police — Policies and procedures stating the purpose of the school resource officer program and defining roles and expectations — Promulgation of administrative regulations establishing levels of training for certification of school resource officers — Course curriculum, specifications for training requirements, and consequences for deficiencies in required training — Officers to regain certification status upon completion of training deficiency — Local school district superintendents to report annually to the Center for School Safety upon the number and placement of school resource officers in the district, source of funding, and methods of employment for each position.
(1) Local boards of education, school district superintendents, and local and state law enforcement agencies shall cooperate to assign one (1) or more certified school resource officers to each school within a school district as funds and qualified personnel become available.
(2) Local boards of education utilizing a school resource officer employed by a law enforcement agency or the Department of Kentucky State Police shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the law enforcement agency or the Department of Kentucky State Police that specifically states the purpose of the school resource officer program and clearly defines the roles and expectations of each party involved in the program. The memorandum shall provide that the school resource officer shall not be responsible for school discipline matters that are the responsibility of school administrators or school employees.
(3) Local boards of education utilizing a school resource officer employed directly by the local board of education shall adopt policies and procedures that specifically state the purpose of the school resource officer program and clearly define the roles and expectations of school resource officers and other school employees.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 158.4415 Kentucky State Police school resource officer (KSPSRO), specifications for employment as a school resource office by a school district -- When officer
(1) A KSPSRO shall possess sworn law enforcement authority and shall be trained in school-based policing and crisis response including all training required of school resource officers. If a school district decides to utilize a KSPSRO, the school district and the officer shall first enter into a memorandum of understanding that clarifies the purpose of the KSPSRO program and the roles and expectations of the participating entities. Any contract entered into pursuant to this subsection shall include:
- (a) A provision specifying that the KSPSRO shall follow the policies and procedures of the Department of Kentucky State Police and shall abide by federal, state, and local laws. The responsibility and decision to arrest or take other police action lies solely with the KSPSRO, respective to state law and the KSPSRO’s departmental standard operating procedures or standing order. The KSPSRO’s continual collaboration with school personnel and his or her understanding of each student’s needs may impact the decision to arrest or take other police action, but the responsibility is that of the KSPSRO;
- (b) A provision stipulating that the KSPSRO shall be an employee of the school district, but shall revert to Department of Kentucky State Police employee status during such time that the KSPSRO takes police action pursuant to state or federal law. The KSPSRO shall be under the immediate supervision and direction of the Department of Kentucky State Police when taking police action;
- (c) A provision stipulating that the school district shall be responsible for worker’s compensation coverage for the KSPSRO; and
- (d) A provision detailing how liability coverage will be provided for any acts or omissions of the KSPSRO within the scope of his or her duties.
Kentucky Revised Statutes 16.128. The Department of Kentucky State Police is encouraged to receive training on issues pertaining to school and student safety, to meet with local superintendents, and to collaborate with local school districts on policies and procedures for communicating any instances of student-involved trauma.
(1) The Department of Kentucky State Police is encouraged to receive training on issues pertaining to school and student safety and shall be invited to meet annually with local superintendents to discuss emergency response plans and emergency response concerns. (2) The Department of Kentucky State Police is encouraged to collaborate with local school districts on policies and procedures for communicating to the school district any instances of trauma-exposed students.