State law requires districts to use alternatives to out-of-school suspension or expulsion, such as in-school suspension, behavioral interventions, or restorative practices.
Addressing the Disproportionate Discipline Problem in Oregon Public Schools using Restorative Justice
This report outlines Oregon's efforts to reduce exlusionary discipline through restorative justice initiatives
Oregon Revised Statutes 339.250 Duty of student to comply with rules; policies on discipline suspension expulsion threats of violence or harm firearms and physical force; student handbook or code of conduct; enforcement of policies
(5) In establishing and enforcing discipline, suspension and expulsion policies, a district school board shall ensure that the policy is designed to: (a) Protect students and school employees from harm; (b) Provide opportunities for students to learn from their mistakes; (c) Foster positive learning communities; (d) Keep students in school and attending class; (e) Impose disciplinary sanctions without bias against students from a protected class, as defined in ORS 339.351; (f) Implement a graduated set of age-appropriate responses to misconduct that are fair, nondiscriminatory and proportionate in relation to each student’s individual conduct; (g) Employ a range of strategies for prevention, intervention and discipline that take into account a student’s developmental capacities and that are proportionate to the degree and severity of the student’s misbehavior; (h) Propose, prior to a student’s expulsion or leaving school, alternative programs of instruction or instruction combined with counseling for the student that are appropriate and accessible to the student in the following circumstances:
- (A) Following a second or subsequent occurrence within any three-year period of a severe disciplinary problem with the student; or
- (B) When a parent or legal guardian applies for the student’s exemption from compulsory attendance on a semiannual basis as provided in ORS 339.030 (2);