State law requires districts to implement school-wide positive behavioral supports or tiered frameworks.
California Education Code 32282.1 School Safety Plans
(a) As comprehensive school safety plans are reviewed and updated, the Legislature encourages all plans, to the extent that resources are available, to include clear guidelines for the roles and responsibilities of mental health professionals, community intervention professionals, school counselors, school resource officers, and police officers on school campuses, if the school district uses these people.
(b) The guidelines developed pursuant to subdivision (a) are encouraged to include both of the following:
- (1) Primary strategies to create and maintain a positive school climate, promote school safety, and increase pupil achievement, and prioritize mental health and intervention services, restorative and transformative justice programs, and positive behavior interventions and support.
- (2) Consistent with paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 32282, protocols to address the mental health care of pupils who have witnessed a violent act at any time, including, but not limited to, any of the following:
- (A) While on school grounds.
- (B) While going to or coming from school.
- (C) During a lunch period whether on or off campus.
- (D) During, or while going to or coming from, a school-sponsored activity.
California Education Code 33432 The Learning Communities for School Success Program
(a) A local educational agency that receives a grant shall use the grant funds for planning, implementation, and evaluation of activities in support of evidence-based, nonpunitive programs and practices to keep the state’s most vulnerable pupils in school. These activities shall complement or enhance the actions and services identified to meet the local educational agency’s goals as identified in its local control and accountability plan pursuant to Section 47606.5, 52060, or 52066, as applicable. These activities may include, but are not limited to, all of the following: (4) Implementing activities that advance social-emotional learning, positive behavior interventions and supports, culturally responsive practices, and trauma-informed strategies.
California Education Code 48900 Suspension or Expulsion
(2) It is further the intent of the Legislature that the Multi-Tiered System of Supports, which includes restorative justice practices, trauma-informed practices, social and emotional learning, and schoolwide positive behavior interventions and support, may be used to help pupils gain critical social and emotional skills, receive support to help transform trauma-related responses, understand the impact of their actions, and develop meaningful methods for repairing harm to the school community.
California Education Code 48900.5 Suspension or Expulsion
(b) Other means of correction include, but are not limited to, the following: (7) A positive behavior support approach with tiered interventions that occur during the schoolday on campus.
California Education Code 49600. Comprehensive educational counseling program; “Educational counseling”
(c) It is the intent of the Legislature that school counselors do all of the following: (5) Promote and maintain a safe learning environment for all pupils by providing restorative justice practices, positive behavior interventions, and support services.
Multi-Tiered System of Supports
This site addresses MTSS in California schools.