State law requires districts to adopt Internet use policies or to provide instruction on safe Internet use.
Electronic Devices in Public Schools
This document addressses internet safety policies
Utah Administrative Code R277-495-1. Authority and purpose.
(1) This rule is authorized by:
- (a) Utah Constitution Article X, Section 3, which vests general control and supervision over public education in the Board;
- (b) Subsection 53E-3-401(4), which allows the Board to make rules to execute the Board's duties and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution and state law;
- (c) Subsection 53G-8-202(2)(c)(i), which directs the Superintendent to develop a conduct and discipline policy model for elementary and secondary public schools; and
- (d) 47 CFR, Part 54, Children's Internet Protection Act, which requires schools and libraries that have computers with internet access to certify they have internet safety policies and technology protection measures in place to receive discounted internet access and services.
(2) The purpose of this rule is to direct all LEAs and public schools to adopt policies, individually or collectively as school districts or consortia of charter schools, governing the possession and use of electronic devices including:
- (a) both LEA-owned and privately-owned, while on public school premises or during participation in school activities; and
- (b) for LEA-owned devices, wherever the LEA-owned devices are used.
Utah Administrative Code R277-495-2. Definitions
(1) "Acceptable use policy" means a document stipulating constraints and practices that a user shall accept prior to a user accessing an LEA's, or any school within an LEA's, network or the Internet. (2) "Electronic device" means a device that is used for audio, video, or text communication or any other type of computer or computer-like instrument including:
- (a) a smart phone;
- (b) a smart or electronic watch;
- (c) a tablet; or
- (d) a virtual reality device. (3) "Guest" means an individual:
- (a) who is not a student, employee, or designated volunteer of a public school; and
- (b) who is on school property or at the site of a school-sponsored activity or event. (4) "Inappropriate matter" means pornographic or indecent material as defined in Subsection 76-10-1253(1)(a). (5) "LEA" includes for purposes of this rule, the Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind. (6) "LEA-owned electronic device" means a device that is used for audio, video, text communication, or other type of computer or computer-like instrument that is identified as being owned, provided, issued or lent by the LEA to a student or employee. (7) "Policy" means an electronic device use policy as required by this rule that contains:
- (a) permissible uses of an electronic device under certain circumstances; or
- (b) restricted uses of an electronic devices under certain circumstances. (8) "Privately-owned electronic device" means a device, including an electronic device that is used for audio, video, text communication, or other type of computer or computer-like instrument that is not owned or issued by the LEA to a student, or employee. (9) "Public school" means a school or public school program, grades kindergarten through 12, that is part of the Utah public school system, including a school with a distance learning program or alternative program. (10) "Student," for purposes of this rule, means an individual enrolled as a student at an LEA regardless of the part-time nature of the enrollment or the age of the individual. (11)
- (a) "The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA)" means federal regulations enacted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and administrated by the Schools and Libraries Division of the FCC.
- (b) CIPA and companion laws, the Neighborhood Children's Internet Protection Act (NCIPA) and the Protecting Children in the 21st Century Act, require recipients of federal technology funds to comply with certain Internet filtering and policy requirements. (12) "Utah Education Telehealth Network or UETN" means the Utah Education and Telehealth Network created in Section 53B-17-105.
Utah Administrative Code R277-495-3. Requirement of Electronic Device Use Policy, Creation, and Access.
(1) An LEA shall require all schools under the LEA's supervision to have a policy or policies for students, employees and, where appropriate, for guests, governing the use of electronic devices on school premises and at school sponsored activities. (2) An LEA shall review and approve policies regularly. (3) An LEA shall encourage schools to involve teachers, parents, students, school employees, school community councils, and community members in developing the local policies. (4) An LEA shall provide copies of the LEA's policies or clear electronic links to policies at LEA offices, in schools and on the LEA's website in the same location as the LEA's data governance plan required in R277-487. (5) An LEA and all schools within the LEA shall cooperate to ensure that all policies within a school or school district are consistent and accessible to parents and community members. (6) An LEA shall provide reasonable public notice and at least one public hearing or meeting to address a proposed or revised acceptable use policy. (7) An LEA shall retain documentation of the policy review and adoption actions.
Utah Administrative Code R277-495-4. LEA Electronic Device Policy Requirements.
(1) An LEA's policy shall include at least the following:
- (a) definitions of electronic devices covered by policy;
- (b) prohibitions on the use of electronic devices in ways that:
- (i) bully, humiliate, harass, or intimidate school-related individuals, including students, employees, and guests, consistent with R277-609 and R277-613; or
- (ii) violate local, state, or federal laws;
- (c) the prohibition of access by students, LEA employees and guests to inappropriate matter on the internet and world wide web while using LEA equipment, services, or connectivity whether on or off school property;
- (e) directives on the safety and security of students when using social media and other forms of electronic communications;
- (f) directives on unauthorized access, including hacking and other unlawful activities by a user of an LEA electronic device; and
- (g) directives on unauthorized disclosure, use and dissemination of personal student information under R277-487 and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)34 CFR, Part 99.
(2) In addition to the requirements of Subsection (1), an LEA's policies for student use of electronic devices shall include directives regarding the following:
- (a) the use of privately-owned electronic devices during standardized assessments;
- (b) administrative penalties for misuse of electronic devices during school hours or at a school-sponsored;
- (c) violations of an LEA's acceptable use policies that may result in confiscation of LEA-owned electronic devices or restricted access on the LEA's;
- (d) a student's personal responsibility for devices assigned or provided to a student by the LEA, both for loss or damage of electronic devices and use of electronic devices consistent with the LEA's directives;
- (e) use of electronic devices in violation of an LEA's or teacher's instructional policies may result in the confiscation of privately-owned electronic devices for a designated period; and
- (f) uses of privately-owned electronic devices to bully or harass other students or employees during school hours or at school-sponsored activities that may result in the student being subject to LEA disciplinary action.
(3) In addition to the provisions of Subsections (1) and (2), directives for employee use of electronic devices shall include:
- (a) notice that use of electronic devices to access inappropriate matter on LEA-owned electronic devices or privately-owned electronic devices on school property, at school-sponsored events or using school connectivity may have criminal, employment or student disciplinary consequences, and if appropriate, may be reported to law enforcement;
- (b) notice that an employee is responsible for LEA-issued electronic devices at all times and misuse of an electronic device may have employment consequences, regardless of the user; and
- (c) required staff responsibilities in educating minors on appropriate online activities, as required by Section 53G-7-1202, and in supervising such activities.
(4) An LEA's policies shall also include the following:
- (a) prohibitions or restrictions on unauthorized use that would cause invasions of reasonable expectations of student and employee privacy;
- (b) procedures to report the misuse of electronic devices; and
- (c) potential disciplinary actions toward students or employees for violation of local policies regarding the use of electronic devices; and
- (d) exceptions to the policy for special circumstances, health-related reasons and emergencies, if any.
(5) An LEA shall certify annually through UETN, and as required by the FCC, that the LEA has a CIPA-compliant acceptable use policy.
Utah Administrative Code R277-495-5. Required school level training
(1) A school shall provide, within the first 45 days of each school year, a school-wide or in-classroom training to employees and students that covers:
- (a) the contents of the school's policy;
- (b) the importance of digital citizenship;
- (c) the LEA's conduct and discipline related consequences as related to a violation of the school's policy;
- (d) the LEA's general conduct and discipline policies as described in Section 53G-8-202; and
- (e) the benefits of connecting to the Internet and utilizing the school's Internet filters, while on school premises.
(2) A school that adopts a permissible use policy shall:
- (a) within the first 45 days of each school-year, provide school-wide or in-classroom training to employees and students that covers:
- (i) the elements described in Subsections (1)(a) through (e); and
- (ii) specific rules governing the permissible and restricted uses of personal electronic devices while in a classroom; and
- (b) require that each educator who allows the use of a personal electronic device in the classroom clearly communicates to parents and students the conditions under which the use of a personal electronic device is allowed.
Utah Administrative Code R277-495-6. Resources and required assurances.
(1) The Superintendent may provide resources, upon request, for an LEA regarding electronic device policies, including:
- (a) sample acceptable use policies;
- (b) general best practices for electronic device use as outlined in R277-922; and
- (c) materials for digital citizenship as outlined in Section 53G-7-1202.
(2) An LEA shall post the LEA's electronic device use policy on the LEA's website and provide a link to the Board through the annual assurances document described in R277-108.
Utah Code 53G-7-1002. Internet and online access policy required.
State funds may not be provided to any local school board that provides access to the Internet or an online service unless the local school board adopts and enforces a policy to restrict access to Internet or online sites that contain obscene material.
Utah Code 53G-7-1003. Process and content Standard for policy.
(1) “Policy” as used in this section means the elementary and secondary school online access policy adopted by a local school board to meet the requirements of Section 53G-7-1002. (2)
- (a) Each policy shall be developed under the direction of the local school board, adopted in an open meeting, and have an effective date. The local school board shall review the policy at least every three years, and a footnote shall be added to the policy indicating the effective date of the last review.
- (b) Notice of the availability of the policy shall be posted in a conspicuous place within each school. The local school board may issue any other public notice it considers appropriate. (3) The policy shall:
- (a) state that it restricts access to Internet or online sites that contain obscene material and shall state how the local school board intends to meet the requirements of Section 53G-7-1002;
- (b) inform the public that administrative procedures and guidelines for the staff to follow in enforcing the policy have been adopted and are available for review at the school; and
- (c) inform the public that procedures to handle complaints about the policy, its enforcement, or about observed behavior have been adopted and are available for review at the school.
Utah Code 53G-7-1202. School community councils -- Duties -- Composition -- Election procedures and selection of members.
(3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3b), a school community council shall:
- (i) create a school improvement plan in accordance with Section 53G-7-1204;
- (ii) create the School LAND Trust Program in accordance with Section 53G-7-1206;
- (iii) advise and make recommendations to school and school district administrators and the local school board regarding:
- (A) the school and its programs;
- (B) school district programs;
- (C) a child access routing plan in accordance with Section 53G-4-402;
- (D) safe technology utilization and digital citizenship; and
- (E) other issues relating to the community environment for students;
- (iv) provide for education and awareness on safe technology utilization and digital citizenship that empowers:
- (A) a student to make smart media and online choices; and
- (B) a parent or guardian to know how to discuss safe technology use with the parent's or guardian's child; and
- (v) partner with the school's principal and other administrators to ensure that adequate on and off campus Internet filtering is installed and consistently configured to prevent viewing of harmful content by students and school personnel, in accordance with local school board policy and Subsection 53G-7-216; and
- (vi) in accordance with state board rule regarding school community council expenditures and funding limits:
- (A) work with students, families, and educators to develop and incorporate safety principles at the school; and
- (B) hold at least an annual discussion with the school’s principal and district administrators regarding safety principles at the school and district level in order to coordinate the school community council’s effort to develop and incorporate safety principles at the school.